Methods Of Training And Development

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Methods of Training and development in HR

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Methods Of Training And Development

  1. 1. Methods of Training and Development.
  2. 2. Concept. <ul><li>Training method may be defined as “an educational approach for turning knowledge into learning”. </li></ul><ul><li>The method by which training is deliverrd varies based on needs of the organization, trainee and task being performed. The method should suit the audience,content,business environment and the learning objectives. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Factors affecting choice of training module: <ul><li>Age,gender,level of education. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning styles of the trainee </li></ul><ul><li>Number of trainees </li></ul><ul><li>Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Trainers skill and training style. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Approaches to training <ul><li>1)Traditional Aproach:Here the training staff designs the objectives,contents,teaching techniques,assignments,lesson plans and evaluation. (PRE SERVICE TRAINING) </li></ul><ul><li>2)Experiential Aproach:Here the trainer incorporates experiences where the learner becomes active and influences the training process.(IN-SERVICE TRAINING) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>3)Performance based teaching approach (PBTA):Here goals are measured through attainment of a given level of proficiency instead of passing grades of the trainees. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Common methods of training. <ul><li>1)Passive method: It is dominated by trainers. It includes </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture and discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Video and films </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory demonstrations. </li></ul><ul><li>2)Active method: it includes </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment mock ups </li></ul><ul><li>Full scope simulators. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>3)on the site methods: </li></ul><ul><li>Apprenticeship </li></ul><ul><li>Job Rotation </li></ul><ul><li>Vestibule training(comined benefits of classroom and on job training). It involves immediate feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>4)OJT : Job instructions while training. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>5)Off-the site methods: </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture method </li></ul><ul><li>small group activity method. </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Business games </li></ul><ul><li>Role plays </li></ul><ul><li>Programmed instructions </li></ul><ul><li>In-basket exercise </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>6)Sensitivity/T-group Training. </li></ul><ul><li>It attempts to change individual behavior by placing participants in an unstructured ambiguous situation and having them resolve the conflicts which emerge as a result of ambiguity through interpersonal interactions. </li></ul><ul><li>Group members examine their individual and collective interpersonal relations and develop an understanding of the dynamics of group interaction and functioning. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Goals of T-group training: </li></ul><ul><li>To increase self insight. </li></ul><ul><li>To increase individual sensitivity to the behaviors of others and their underlying emotional bases. </li></ul><ul><li>To increase diagnostic skills. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Thank you. </li></ul>

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