Phobias associated with dentistry

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simply called darr in layman language. it affects people of all age, especially women are more prone to phobia.

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  • In the industrial nations, phobias are the most common kind of anxiety disorder. Over 50 million people in the USA and 10 million in the UK are thought to live with a phobia. They can affect people of any age, sex, and socioeconomic status.The National Institute of Mental Health estimated in 2011 that between 8.7% and 18.1% of Americans of all ages suffer from phobias.A much higher percentage of women suffer from phobias than men.
  • About five percent of people have severe dental fear, according to researchers from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.Peolple with dental phobia tend to have fight or flight response
  • While the list of phobias is almost endless, we'll take a look at some of the most common phobias on the next slides.we'll take a look at some of the most common phobias on the next slides.we'll take a look at some of the most common phobias on the next slides.
  • It is quite a common phenomenon with human beings, when they do not wish to accept or meet with anything unfamiliar in terms of any situation or individual.
  • studies suggest that this is true for about 80 -85% of dental phobias. This not only includes painful dental visits, but also psychological behaviours such as being humiliated by a dentist.it is seen in people who have been sexually abused during dental treatment as a history.Pain caused by a dentist who is perceived as caring is much less likely to result in psychological trauma .
  • Phobias associated with dentistry

    1. 1. PRESENTED BY : SNIGDHA THAKUR ANKIT PRABHAKAR
    2. 2. Phobia A persistent, irri tational fear of a specific object, activit y or situation that leads to a compelling desire to avoid it.
    3. 3. Dentobhobia is defined as an unpleasant mental, emotional, or physiologic sensation derived from a specific dental related stimulus.
    4. 4. FEAR ACTIVATES SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM PRODUCING EPINEPHRINE     DILATED PUPIL INCREASED HEART RATE INCREASED BLOOD PRESSURE INCREASED RESPIRATORY RATE
    5. 5. Different phobias related to dentistry  FEAR OF UNKNOWN  FEAR OF DENTAL PROCEDURES  SENSITIVE GAG REFLEX  FEAR OF LOUD NOISE  Feeling Uncomfortable Lying Back In A Dentist's Chair  UNABLE TO BREATHE THROUGH NOSE  Fear of pain
    6. 6. It is a phenomenon in which with patients do not wish to accept or meet with anything unfamiliar in terms of any situation. How to overcome:In such patients first visit counseling and tell show do technique is advised.
    7. 7. FEAR OF DENTAL PROCEDURES
    8. 8. FEAR OF DENTAL PROCEDURES  Many dental instruments look pointy and sharp. HOW TO OVERCOME : Education and communication is the key.  In treatment areas keep instruments, needle, and the syringe out of patient’s sight
    9. 9. Sensitive gag reflex People with a sensitive gag reflex may loathe the part of the dentist's visit where those tabs are put in the mouth for the dental X-ray. These days, newer dentist offices offer panoramic X-rays.
    10. 10. Fear of loud noise Dental tools can be really loud, and the noise can stir up fear in some people. HOW TO OVERCOME : Wear Earplugs  Noise cancelling head plugs to block out sound.
    11. 11. Feeling Uncomfortable Lying Back In A Dentist's Chair Some people may be uncomfortable with something as simple as lying back in the dentist's chair, due to a bad back or some control issues. HOW TO OVERCOME:A simple remedy may be for the dentist to only put the patient half-back so that it's more comfortable or can provide with supporting pillows.
    12. 12. Unable To Breathe Through The Nose Mouth breathers have phobia that they wont be able to breathe during their dental treatment. How to overcome :Nasal strips to help them breathe Nitrous oxide to relax the patient
    13. 13. Fear due to previous bad experiences  Previous bad experience.  Heard of bad experiences from family or friends.  50-80% of dental fear and anxiety happens during childhood/ adolescence.
    14. 14. Fear of pain is a common phenomenon which stops patient to undergoing dental treatment
    15. 15.  Traditional        Pain Control Methods Topical anesthetics Desensitizers Nitrous oxide-oxygen sedation Local anesthetics IV sedation Sedatives/anti anxiety meds General anesthesia
    16. 16. Causes  of dental phobia Bad experience:-  History of abuse:-  Uncaring dentist:-  Vicarious learning:-  Post-Traumatic  Humiliation Stress:-

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