Infection control in dental lab 1

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  • Strive to make dental lab as safe as possibleMinimize potential for disease transmission viaImmunizationsBarrier techniquesAseptic techniquesIC complianceAdhere to Standard Precautions (SP)Establish written IC policyThe goal is to ensure compliance with universal barriers and other methods to minimize infection risks
  • Microrganisms capable of causing disease are present in human blood. Contact with blood or saliva mixed with blood may transmit pathogenic microorganisms.above these all can transmit pathogenic microrganisms from dental office to dental lab.
  • Routine Procedures.Through medical history Asymptomatic carriers Acceptance of patient It is unethical to refuse dental care to those patient with a potentially infections disease on the grounds that it could expose the dental clinician to personal risk.
  • Sir William Osler once remarked that Soap and water and common sense are the best disinfectants. Use of commonly available antiseptic hand wash like chlorhexidine is generally enough
  • Infection control in dental lab 1

    1. 1. INFECTION CONTROL INDENTAL LABPRESENTED BY:ANKIT PRABHAKARGENESIS INSTITUE OF DENTAL SCIENCES ANDRESEARCH,FEROZEPURPUNJAB
    2. 2. CONTENTS1 Introduction2 Scope and objectives3 Transmission of infection4 Clinical and laboratory disinfection5 CDC dental guidelines for sterilization of instruments
    3. 3. INTRODUCTIONWhy do we need to know about infection control? •A study has found that 67% of materials sent from dental office to laboratories were contaminated with bacteria of varying degree of pathogencity.`
    4. 4. Scope of this presentation
    5. 5. Occupational Risks •Infected saliva or Direct contact blood • From microbial Airborne laden aerosols infection • During lab spatter procedures •When using knives and other sharp items
    6. 6. CHAIN OF INFECTION Pathogen ReservoirSusceptible host Portal of entry Direct contact Indirect contact
    7. 7. GOALS/ ACTIONSMake dental Minimize IC compliance lab safe potential Immunization Barrier techniques Aseptic techniques
    8. 8. Transmission of infection IMPRESSIONIMPRESSION ARTICULATOR TRAYS Transmission of infection CASTS OCCLUSAL RIMS DENTAL PROSTHESIS
    9. 9. Infection control precautions• Prevention of cross contamination should always be a prime consideration in the dental lab. •Appropiate personal protective equipment •Frequent hand hygiene •Organization of dental lab into separate receiving , production & shipping areas.
    10. 10. BARRIER SYSTEMSHand washing Personal Protective equipments Plain or antimicrobial Gloves soap Or an alcohol Mask & protective based hand eye wear rub Chin length face shield Labcoat
    11. 11. Disinfection of impressionsIMPRESSION Iodophors and sodiumCOMPOUND hypochloriteREVERSIBLE Iodophors and sodiumHYDROCOLLOID hypochloriteIRREVERSIBLE Iodophors and sodiumHYDROCOLLOID hypochloritePOLYETHER Iodophors and sodium hypochloriteZOE IMPRESSION Glutaraldehydes, iodophorsPASTEPOLYSULFIDE Glutaraldehydes, iodophorsSILICONE Glutaraldehydes, iodophors
    12. 12. CHOICE OF DISINFECTANT
    13. 13. METHODS OF DISINFECTION Methods of disinfection Spraying Immersion Same Uses less Exposure of all disinfectant can preferrabledisinfectant surfaces be used again
    14. 14. DENTAL LAB PROCEDURES INCOMING OUTGOING ITEMS ITEMS Rinse to Clean and remove blood disinfect & saliva Rinse, dilute Disinfect with mouthwash Again rinse to Place in remove plastic bag disinfectant Add the Label the annotate form plastic bag
    15. 15. ORALLY SOILED PROSTHESISScrub with brush and antimicrobialsoap. Place in plastic bag in ultrasonic cleaning solution. Removed Rinsed Dried Accomplished required work.
    16. 16. DENTAL PROSTHESIS Do not exceed therecommended contact time to minimize corrosion.  Do not store in disinfection before insertion.  Store in diluted mouthwash until insertion.
    17. 17. DISINFECTION OF CASTSMost difficult to disinfectwithout causing damage. In such cases, can be sprayed with an iodophor or chlorine product Rinsed, handled in aseptic manner Transfer to the production area. Dry properly, if shipping.
    18. 18. LAB EQUIPMENTSPolishing lathe requires special attention.Pumice has been shown to pose a potential contamination risk Via aerosol or direct contactThis act as a barrier in the path of cross contamination.
    19. 19. CDC DENTAL GUIDELINES Objectives - protect patients, practitioners , & staff. All blood and saliva is infectious. Reviews scientific information & makes recommendations to protect the health of the population. Tracks disease trends & investigates disease outbreaks
    20. 20. RESPONSIBILITY Responsibility Universal StandardPractical code precautions precautionsProcedure kept Protect Blood as wellcross infection exposure from as from body control blood fluids also.
    21. 21. GENERAL PREVENTION VACCINATION MEDICAL HISTORY 30 •In order to identify 25 pathological conditions, 20 15 10 •Drug induced conditions 5 0 •Malformations & HIV HBV HCV abnormalities Average Risk of Transmissionafter Percutaneous Exposure to Blood
    22. 22. SPECIFIC GUIDELINESThese guidelines apply in the care of all patients. Disposal of wastes Cleaning and maintainance Personal hygiene
    23. 23. SUMMARY Adhering to Wearing Standard protective precautions personal equipments Aseptic techniquesPREVENTION OF DISEASE TRANSMISSION
    24. 24. Print master• Your Text here• Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.• Duis autem vel eum iriure dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit augue duis dolore te feugait nulla facilisi.

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