Rosemarie Rizzo Parse Human Becoming Theory By Patricia Goyette
In the following presentation we will:
Theory Selection and rationale
Theory relevance to nursing practice
personal and professional curiosity
alternative ways to care for others
ABOUT THE THEORIST
Educated at Duquesne University, Pittsburgh
MSN and Ph.D. from University of Pittsburgh
Editor and Founder, Nursing Science Quarterly and president of Discovery International, Inc.
Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing.
Published nine books and more than 100 articles and editorials about the nursing field.
Professor and Niehoff Chair at Loyola University, Chicago
Parse Human Becoming Theory Parse's nursing theory (parz-iz) n. a theory that views patients as taking an active and continuous role in their development, being free to select the means of achieving a particular way of living. Nurse and patient should work together to derive the meaning of a particular situation for the patient to enable the planning of health-care intervention. [ R. Parse (20th century), nurse theorist]
The assumptions underpinning the theory come from the works of Heidegger, Sartre, and Merleau-Ponty, as well as Martha Rogers. (Wikipedia)
Rosemarie Rizzo Parse first published the theory in 1981 as the "Man-living-health" theory (ICPS)
The name was officially changed to "the human becoming theory" in 1992 to remove the term "man," after the change in the dictionary definition of the word from its former meaning of "humankind."
Scope of the Theory
Assumptions, Processes, Concepts, and Rhythms. Assumptions Processes Concepts and Rhythms Freely choosing personal meanings Illuminating meaning Imaging, valuing, languaging Rhythmical patterns in mutual process with the universe Synchronizing rhythms Revealing-concealing enabling-limiting, connecting-separating Cotranscending multidimensionally Mobilizing transcendence Powering, originating, transforming
Human Becoming is freely choosing personal meaning in situations in the intersubjective process of living value priorities.
Man’s reality is given meaning through live experiences
Man and environment cocreate
Human Becoming is cocreating rhythmical patterns of relating in mutual process with the universe.
Man and environment cocreate ( imaging, valuing, languaging) in rhythmical patterns
Human Becoming is cotranscending multidimensionally with emerging possibles.
Refers to reaching out and beyond the limits that a person sets
One constantly transforms
Strengths/ Weaknesses Strengths Practice guidelines research methodologies Weaknesses Complexity Does not utilized the nursing process
Parse, 1998 as cited in Fawcett (2001) “the practice methodology—illuminating meaning, synchronizing rhythms, and mobilizing transcendence— happens when the nurse is in true presence with a person or a family or a group”
Does not seek to “fix” problems
Gap in the literature Limited discussion of theory usefulness Education and other disciplines.
Nursing Research & Education
Phenomenological and hermeneutic methods
Nursing Management & Administration
Support Systems for nurses
Bringing all together
References American Psychological Association (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington D.C.: Author Aquino-Russell, C. (2005). Practice applications. Practice possibilities for nurses choosing true presence with persons who live with a different sense of hearing. Nursing Science Quarterly , 18(1), 32-36. Retrieved from EBSCO host . Chen, H. (2010). The lived experience of moving forward for clients with spinal cord injury: a Parse research method study. Journal of Advanced Nursing , 66(5), 1132-1141. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05271.x Doucet, T., & Bournes, D. (2007). Review of research related to Parse's theory of human becoming. Nursing Science Quarterly , 20(1), 16-32. Retrieved from EBSCO host . Fawcett, J. (2001). The Nurse Theorists: 21st-Century Updates-Rosemarie Rizzo Parse. Nursing Science Quarterly , 14 (2), 126. Hansen-Ketchum, P. (2004). Parse's theory in practice: an interpretive analysis. Journal of Holistic Nursing , 22(1), 57-72. Retrieved from EBSCO host . Hodges, H. F., Keeley, A. C., & Grier, E. C. (2005). Professional resilience, practice longevity, and parse's theory for baccalaureate education. Journal of Nursing Education, 44 (12), 548-548-54. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/203925256?accountid=14572 Jean-Paul Sartre. (2011, November 5). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Retrieved 01:21, November 6, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jean-Paul_Sartre&oldid=458930075 Karnick, P. (2008). Feeling lonely: a Parse method study with children. Nursing Science Quarterly , 21(2), 156-164. Retrieved from EBSCO host . International Consortium of Parse Scholars. (n.d.). HumanBecoming. Retrieved October 31, 2011, from http://www.humanbecoming.org/human-becoming.php
References Continued MacDonald, C., & Jonas-Simpson, C. (2009). Living with changing expectations for women with high-risk pregnancies: a Parse method study. Nursing Science Quarterly , 22(1), 74-82. doi:10.1177/0894318408327298 Martha E. Rogers. (2011, April 17). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Retrieved 16:05, November 5, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Martha_E._Rogers&oldid=424559622 Martin Heidegger. (2011, October 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Retrieved 01:20, November 6, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?t itle=Martin_Heidegger&oldid=457605462 Maurice Merleau-Ponty. (2011, November 3). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Retrieved 16:06, November 5, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maurice_Merleau-Ponty&oldid=458893966 McEwen, M. & Wills, EM. (2011). Theoretical basis for nursing (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Moore, L. (2000). Severe visual impairment in older women... including commentary by Constantino RE and Allen M with author response. Western Journal of Nursing Research , 22(5), 571-595. Retrieved from EBSCO host . Naef, R., & Bournes, D. (2009). The lived experience of waiting: a Parse method study. Nursing Science Quarterly , 22(2), 141-153. doi:10.1177/0894318409331932 Northrup, D. (2002). Time passing: a parse research method study. Nursing Science Quarterly , 15(4), 318-326. Retrieved from EBSCO host . "Parse's nursing theory." A Dictionary of Nursing. 2008. Encyclopedia.com. (October 22, 2011). http:/ / ww.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O62- Parsesnursingtheory.html Smith, S. (2010). Humanbecoming: not just a theory--it is a way of being. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(3), 216-219. doi:10.1177/0894318410371844 Thornburg, P., Schim, S., Paige, V., & Grubaugh, K. (2008). Nurses' experiences of caring while letting go. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing , 10(6), 382-391. Retrieved from EBSCO host .