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  1. 1. Rosemarie Rizzo Parse Human Becoming Theory By Patricia Goyette
  2. 2. In the following presentation we will: <ul><li>Theory Selection and rationale </li></ul><ul><li>Theory History </li></ul><ul><li>Theory Breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>Theory relevance to nursing practice </li></ul>
  3. 3. Theory Selection <ul><li>personal and professional curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>alternative ways to care for others </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge attainment </li></ul>
  4. 4. ABOUT THE THEORIST <ul><li>Educated at Duquesne University, Pittsburgh </li></ul><ul><li>MSN and Ph.D. from University of Pittsburgh </li></ul><ul><li>Editor and Founder, Nursing Science Quarterly and president of Discovery International, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing. </li></ul><ul><li>Published nine books and more than 100 articles and editorials about the nursing field. </li></ul><ul><li>Professor and Niehoff Chair at Loyola University, Chicago </li></ul>
  5. 5. Parse Human Becoming Theory Parse's nursing theory (parz-iz) n. a theory that views patients as taking an active and continuous role in their development, being free to select the means of achieving a particular way of living. Nurse and patient should work together to derive the meaning of a particular situation for the patient to enable the planning of health-care intervention. [ R. Parse (20th century), nurse theorist]
  6. 6. Theory Background <ul><li>The assumptions underpinning the theory come from the works of Heidegger, Sartre, and Merleau-Ponty, as well as Martha Rogers. (Wikipedia) </li></ul><ul><li>Rosemarie Rizzo Parse first published the theory in 1981 as the &quot;Man-living-health&quot; theory (ICPS) </li></ul><ul><li>The name was officially changed to &quot;the human becoming theory&quot; in 1992 to remove the term &quot;man,&quot; after the change in the dictionary definition of the word from its former meaning of &quot;humankind.&quot; </li></ul>
  7. 7. Scope of the Theory <ul><li>Grand Theory </li></ul>
  8. 8. Assumptions, Processes, Concepts, and Rhythms. Assumptions Processes Concepts and Rhythms Freely choosing personal meanings Illuminating meaning Imaging, valuing, languaging Rhythmical patterns in mutual process with the universe Synchronizing rhythms Revealing-concealing enabling-limiting, connecting-separating Cotranscending multidimensionally Mobilizing transcendence Powering, originating, transforming
  9. 9. Meaning <ul><li>Human Becoming is freely choosing personal meaning in situations in the intersubjective process of living value priorities. </li></ul><ul><li>Man’s reality is given meaning through live experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Man and environment cocreate </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rhythmicity <ul><li>Human Becoming is cocreating rhythmical patterns of relating in mutual process with the universe. </li></ul><ul><li>Man and environment cocreate ( imaging, valuing, languaging) in rhythmical patterns </li></ul>
  11. 11. Transcendence <ul><li>Human Becoming is cotranscending multidimensionally with emerging possibles. </li></ul><ul><li>Refers to reaching out and beyond the limits that a person sets </li></ul><ul><li>One constantly transforms </li></ul>
  12. 12. Strengths/ Weaknesses Strengths Practice guidelines research methodologies Weaknesses Complexity Does not utilized the nursing process
  13. 13. Population Fit <ul><li>nurse-person </li></ul><ul><li>nurse-group </li></ul><ul><li>Parse, 1998 as cited in Fawcett (2001) “the practice methodology—illuminating meaning, synchronizing rhythms, and mobilizing transcendence— happens when the nurse is in true presence with a person or a family or a group” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Nursing Practice <ul><li>Does not seek to “fix” problems </li></ul><ul><li>True Presence </li></ul><ul><li>Nurse-person relationship </li></ul>
  15. 15. Gap in the literature Limited discussion of theory usefulness Education and other disciplines.
  16. 16. Nursing Research & Education <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomenological and hermeneutic methods </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate education </li></ul>
  17. 17. Nursing Management & Administration <ul><li>Support Systems for nurses </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bringing all together
  19. 19. References American Psychological Association (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington D.C.: Author Aquino-Russell, C. (2005). Practice applications. Practice possibilities for nurses choosing true presence with persons who live with a different sense of hearing. Nursing Science Quarterly , 18(1), 32-36. Retrieved from EBSCO host . Chen, H. (2010). The lived experience of moving forward for clients with spinal cord injury: a Parse research method study. Journal of Advanced Nursing , 66(5), 1132-1141. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05271.x Doucet, T., & Bournes, D. (2007). Review of research related to Parse's theory of human becoming. Nursing Science Quarterly , 20(1), 16-32. Retrieved from EBSCO host . Fawcett, J. (2001). The Nurse Theorists: 21st-Century Updates-Rosemarie Rizzo Parse. Nursing Science Quarterly , 14 (2), 126. Hansen-Ketchum, P. (2004). Parse's theory in practice: an interpretive analysis. Journal of Holistic Nursing , 22(1), 57-72. Retrieved from EBSCO host . Hodges, H. F., Keeley, A. C., & Grier, E. C. (2005). Professional resilience, practice longevity, and parse's theory for baccalaureate education. Journal of Nursing Education, 44 (12), 548-548-54. Retrieved from Jean-Paul Sartre. (2011, November 5). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Retrieved 01:21, November 6, 2011, from Karnick, P. (2008). Feeling lonely: a Parse method study with children. Nursing Science Quarterly , 21(2), 156-164. Retrieved from EBSCO host . International Consortium of Parse Scholars. (n.d.). HumanBecoming. Retrieved October 31, 2011, from
  20. 20. References Continued MacDonald, C., & Jonas-Simpson, C. (2009). Living with changing expectations for women with high-risk pregnancies: a Parse method study. Nursing Science Quarterly , 22(1), 74-82. doi:10.1177/0894318408327298 Martha E. Rogers. (2011, April 17). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Retrieved 16:05, November 5, 2011, from Martin Heidegger. (2011, October 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Retrieved 01:20, November 6, 2011, from itle=Martin_Heidegger&oldid=457605462 Maurice Merleau-Ponty. (2011, November 3). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . Retrieved 16:06, November 5, 2011, from McEwen, M. & Wills, EM. (2011). Theoretical basis for nursing (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Moore, L. (2000). Severe visual impairment in older women... including commentary by Constantino RE and Allen M with author response. Western Journal of Nursing Research , 22(5), 571-595. Retrieved from EBSCO host . Naef, R., & Bournes, D. (2009). The lived experience of waiting: a Parse method study. Nursing Science Quarterly , 22(2), 141-153. doi:10.1177/0894318409331932 Northrup, D. (2002). Time passing: a parse research method study. Nursing Science Quarterly , 15(4), 318-326. Retrieved from EBSCO host . &quot;Parse's nursing theory.&quot; A Dictionary of Nursing. 2008. (October 22, 2011). http:/ / Parsesnursingtheory.html Smith, S. (2010). Humanbecoming: not just a theory--it is a way of being. Nursing Science Quarterly , 23(3), 216-219. doi:10.1177/0894318410371844 Thornburg, P., Schim, S., Paige, V., & Grubaugh, K. (2008). Nurses' experiences of caring while letting go. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing , 10(6), 382-391. Retrieved from EBSCO host .