This is a really good presentation. I hope you find it usefull.
 This module covers 5 main areas:    • God and the Devil               For each topic you    • The Fall                  ...
Christian do NOT all believe the same thing and are divided into     different groups depending on faith and establishment...
What is God Like? Many people have wondered what God might be like. Christians  believe that he has certain attributes th...
What is the Devil Like? A lot of people believe that there is a being in existence that  lives to cause pain and sufferin...
What is Evil? People use the term ‘evil’ all the time, sometimes without  thinking about its meaning. The term ‘evil’ can...
The Fall of Adam and Eve Where did Evil come from? Some people think that it is the fault  of Adam and Eve. Adam and Eve...
Lucifer in the Fall Lucifer is another name for the devil, one that he had when he  was an angel.                        ...
The Problem of Evil Although millions of people believe in God there are still plenty  of people who argue that God canno...
Process Theodicy                       Monism      This means that God is not         This theodicy denies the       omnip...
The Problem of EvilThere are two very famous responses to the problem of evil: one says evil is humanity’s fault, the othe...
Jesus and Suffering When people suffer they often look to find comfort somewhere;   one of the ways that people find comf...
How Should We Behave? Christians are all aiming to get into heaven when they die to be  with God, but in order to do this...
Jonny Kennedy Jonny Kennedy is a very good example of someone who has   dealt with suffering in a positive and inspiratio...
Practice Exam QuestionGood and Evil: this exam question is worth 24 marksa) What does moral evil mean? (1)b) Give two exam...
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Good and evil

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The Roman Catholic Church
This denomination is a traditional group of Christians who believe in Natural Law: doing what God intended in a natural way. Up until the C16th Catholics were the dominant group of Christians in Europe. Catholics are controlled by the Pope in Rome
Protestant Churches
These are the Christian groups that developed after Martin Luther’s debate in 1517.
These are modern Christians who have re-interpreted the Bible and have a different view to the Roman Catholics.
These Christians are NOT controlled by the Pope.
Many people have wondered what God might be like. Christians believe that he has certain attributes that define him.
Adam and Eve were created by God and placed in the garden of Eden. They had everything they wanted. But one day a serpent appeared and asked Eve to get him some fruit. He asked for fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. This was the one tree whose fruit they couldn’t eat. Eve took the fruit and ate some herself. Seeing that nothing bad had happened she took the fruit to Adam to eat and he did. God knew of their disobedience and punished them for their actions. It is due to them that nature is out of balance with humanity and evil exists in the world. Had Adam and Eve obeyed God, evil would not exist
Lucifer was an angel in Heaven with God and all the other angels. However, he was not happy with his situation; he was jealous of God’s power. Lucifer challenged God, but God is omnipotent and easily defeated Lucifer, casting him out of Heaven into Hell below. Since then, Lucifer, or Satan, has worked to get revenge on God. He does this through causing pain and suffering to what God loves best: humans
Although millions of people believe in God there are still plenty of people who argue that God cannot exist if evil does: they are a contradiction
The Problem of Evil and Suffering
If God is omnipotent and omnibenevolent then how can evil exist?
If God is loving he would want to stop evil
If God was powerful he would be able to stop evil
So why doesn’t he?!
There are a number of responses to this question, some religious and some not

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Good and evil

  1. 1. This is a really good presentation. I hope you find it usefull.
  2. 2.  This module covers 5 main areas: • God and the Devil For each topic you • The Fall will need to know a range of Christian • The Problem of Evil views as well as • Jesus and Suffering your own viewpoint • Behaviour Fist we need to know what Christian denominations we are discussing
  3. 3. Christian do NOT all believe the same thing and are divided into different groups depending on faith and establishment The Roman Catholic Church Protestant Churches  This denomination is a  These are the Christian traditional group of groups that developed Christians who believe in after Martin Luther’s Natural Law: doing what debate in 1517. God intended in a natural  These are modern way. Up until the C16th Christians who have re- Catholics were the interpreted the Bible and dominant group of have a different view to Christians in Europe. the Roman Catholics. Catholics are controlled  These Christians are NOT by the Pope in Rome controlled by the Pope.
  4. 4. What is God Like? Many people have wondered what God might be like. Christians believe that he has certain attributes that define him. Omnipotent Judge Omniscient Creator Omnipresent Immanent Omnibenevolent Transcendent Eternal Merciful Forgiving Perfect
  5. 5. What is the Devil Like? A lot of people believe that there is a being in existence that lives to cause pain and suffering: this is the Devil. Malicious Red Deceiving Horns Vengeful Tail Torture Hell Suffering Fire Destruction Conniving
  6. 6. What is Evil? People use the term ‘evil’ all the time, sometimes without thinking about its meaning. The term ‘evil’ can mean many things: • Natural Evil • Evil caused by nature such as tornadoes, earthquakes and volcanoes • Moral Evil • Evil caused by humans such as rape, murder, paedophilia • Physical Evil • Evil in a physical context e.g. Hitting, punching, kicking etc • Metaphysical Evil • Psychological evil such as bullying, mental abuse etc
  7. 7. The Fall of Adam and Eve Where did Evil come from? Some people think that it is the fault of Adam and Eve. Adam and Eve were created by God and placed in the garden of Eden. They had everything they wanted. But one day a serpent appeared and asked Eve to get him some fruit. He asked for fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. This was the one tree whose fruit they couldn’t eat. Eve took the fruit and ate some herself. Seeing that nothing bad had happened she took the fruit to Adam to eat and he did. God knew of their disobedience and punished them This is called for their actions. It is due to them that nature is out of balance with humanity Original Sin and evil exists in the world. Had Adam and Eve obeyed God, evil would not exist
  8. 8. Lucifer in the Fall Lucifer is another name for the devil, one that he had when he was an angel. The Story of Lucifer Lucifer was an angel in Heaven with God and all the other angels. However, he was not happy with his situation; he was jealous of God’s power. Lucifer challenged God, but God is omnipotent and easily defeated Lucifer, casting him out of Heaven into Hell below. Lucifer is Since then, Lucifer, or Satan, has the worked to get revenge on God. He serpent in does this through causing pain and the story suffering to what God loves best: of the Fall humans
  9. 9. The Problem of Evil Although millions of people believe in God there are still plenty of people who argue that God cannot exist if evil does: they are a contradictionThe Problem of Evil and SufferingIf God is omnipotent and omnibenevolent then how can evilexist?If God is loving he would want to stop evilIf God was powerful he would be able to stop evilSo why doesn’t he?! There are a number of responses to this question, some religious and some not
  10. 10. Process Theodicy Monism This means that God is not This theodicy denies the omnipotent (all-powerful) existence of evil. Evil is simply and therefore cannot stop an illusion, it is simply a the evil things that happen in question of perception the world Free Will This is the idea that God gave humans the ability to make their own decisions, whether they are right or wrong ManichaeismThis is the idea that in order for Protest Theodicyus to appreciate what is good in This means that God is not the world we must have omni-benevolent (all-loving). something to compare it to; He does not care about evil evil. It is about balance existing the world and is not going to stop it for us
  11. 11. The Problem of EvilThere are two very famous responses to the problem of evil: one says evil is humanity’s fault, the other says evil has a purpose in our lives Augustine of Hippo Ireneaus of LyonAugustine believed that evil Ireneaus believed that evil wasand suffering was the fault of a necessary part of life.humans – it was created by Humans are made in the imageAdam and Eve when they of God – this is spiritual notdisobeyed God in Eden. physical. Evil is characterThey brought about Original building and helps to becomeSin, that humans today are still more like God in terms of ourtrying to stop. We all need to understanding and patience. Itbehave well to end evil in the makes us better people in theworld end.
  12. 12. Jesus and Suffering When people suffer they often look to find comfort somewhere; one of the ways that people find comfort is to look at what happened to Jesus in his life and how he dealt with itJesus and SufferingJesus was God incarnate: this literally means God made flesh. Helived for 33 years before being crucified by the Romans.Jesus does not lash out at anyone but remains peaceful andforgiving throughout his ordeal.AtonementIt is due to Jesus’ death that Christians believethat we can be saved from our sins and are ableto reconcile with God and become ‘at one’ withhim if we genuinely repent and ask forgiveness
  13. 13. How Should We Behave? Christians are all aiming to get into heaven when they die to be with God, but in order to do this they must behave appropriately and earn their entrance to heaven. So, how do Christians know the right way to behave? They have four pieces of evidence that tell them what to do The 10 Commandments The Golden RuleThese are guidelines given by God to Jesus taught the Golden Rule to his Moses / Chosen people telling them followers in a number of ways:how to worship God and how to treat Treat others as you want to be each other treated The Example of Jesus The Conscience This fits into two areas: Christians believe that the conscience What he did and what he said: this is the God communicating with can all be found in the New humans letting them know when Testament they have done wrong
  14. 14. Jonny Kennedy Jonny Kennedy is a very good example of someone who has dealt with suffering in a positive and inspirational wayWho is Jonny Kennedy?He is the subject of a documentary called ‘The Boy whose Skin FellOff’. He has a rare genetic skin condition that causes him extremepain everyday of his life and yet he carries on with a positiveattitude raising money and awareness for the condition’s charity,DEBRAHe died in 2003 aged 36
  15. 15. Practice Exam QuestionGood and Evil: this exam question is worth 24 marksa) What does moral evil mean? (1)b) Give two examples of suffering (2)c) What do Christians believe about the devil? (3)d) Explain how some Christians might respond to suffering in the world (6)e) “There is too much evil in the world for God to exist” Discuss this statement. Give different, supported viewpoints including a personal viewpoint. You must refer to Christianity (12)Remember: Part E is an ESSAY question and must be written in anessay style with PEE paragraphs in order to attain all 12 marks
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