Impact of
technology
on
narratives
Pietro Polsinelli
@ppolsinelli
• T
A superstitious belief is the belief in a
privileged relation between narrative and
paper books.
Vast majority of our hist...
Technology Technology
as
as
a barrier
facilitation
• T
Narratives through
technology
Orality, Poems / Songs, Written.
Only few can read and write.

Most can read and write.
Letters in the Roman Empire took
t...
Technological evolution changed
things. It gave universal access to
information, lots of information,
streaming informatio...
"by 1500 1000 printing presses were in operation throughout
Western Europe and had produced 8 million books.“
http://en.wi...
Age of the passive narrative
And then, Internet, social
networks and videogames

10
Quality of narrative is
independent of the medium.
Good, meaningful narrative
through Twitter, even Facebook.

Melt-a-Plot...
13
The games universe

14
Two different
narratives through
games
Self referential / Referring games

Both may be good or bad.

17
Non played games.

Dear Esther, Proteus, Journey

18
Games for change
Games for change

20
Ludo narrative
dissonance
21
Oh how nice it is to work as a
slave for this multinational

http://unmanned.molleindustria.org/
22
Playfied solutions

“Gamification”. Bottle bank arcade. Somemtimes, unhealthy psychological consequences.
Techniology of “...
http://thegamebible.com/

24
Learning & teaching
with games
from games
25
Cargo Bot
http://twolivesleft.com/CargoBot/

Videogames are ideal for transmitting formal rules through concrete examples....
Search energy in a 3D environment.

27
The dark side

28
No narrative ideal, no purpose beyond monetization. Lenses in a skeleton: The Sims Social.

29
Measure, measure, measure.

30
Addiction by Design Natascha Schull
http://gelconference.com/videos/2008/natasha_schull
97% is given by the slot machine –...
Narrative
for / in / from / out
games
32
The Magic Circle: Huizinga, Johan. 1971. Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play Element in Culture. Boston:
Beacon Press.

33
Which story?

- user gameplay story
- learning story

- author scripted story
- game generated story
- describing the game...
Classical media is not interactive: depends how you look at it. There is a
branching reality, and videogames are rarely tr...
“If one understands that
storytelling for games
has little or nothing to
do with interactive
storytelling one has
already ...
37
38
Anti narrativism
http://www.whatgamesare.com/2012/05/games-dont-tell-stories-people-tell-stories.html#more
39
There isn't one right way to include stories in games: Storyteller, Blackbar ...

40
The flow

The blurry edge between challenging and too difficoult.
There is the flow. We are tackling the tip of something ...
Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (Author)

42
Stress based classification.

43
Koster – Deterding definition of fun.

44
“Fun is
about
learning in
a context
where there
is no
pressure”
But in school there is, and there has to be, pressure. The...
http://codingconduct.cc/Pawned

46
Fun is learning - but
learning is not always
fun.
“Fun is a feedback we
get in the mind when
absorbing patterns for
learni...
Technology
Technology
as
as
a barrier:
facilitation:
creates
breaks the
(dangerous)
language
language
games
games
This breaks the language game, in an accessible
way.
Beyond

50
51
Wittgenstein, Foucault, Kripke
52
My twitter stream is mostly
dedicated to game design:
http://twitter.com/ppolsinelli
A blog on game design
http://designag...
Impact of technology on narratives
Impact of technology on narratives
Impact of technology on narratives
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Impact of technology on narratives

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We take a glimpse at the complex relation between technology and narratives.

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Impact of technology on narratives

  1. 1. Impact of technology on narratives Pietro Polsinelli @ppolsinelli • T
  2. 2. A superstitious belief is the belief in a privileged relation between narrative and paper books. Vast majority of our history there simply were no books. Maybe there will not be. Books are not essential components of happyness or culture; sorry  Oh books! Oh writers! 2
  3. 3. Technology Technology as as a barrier facilitation • T
  4. 4. Narratives through technology
  5. 5. Orality, Poems / Songs, Written. Only few can read and write. Most can read and write. Letters in the Roman Empire took two weeks to go across the empire. Technological evolution.
  6. 6. Technological evolution changed things. It gave universal access to information, lots of information, streaming information, formerly accessible to only a few. Changed reading habits, also life habits. It spread so quickly… This is…
  7. 7. "by 1500 1000 printing presses were in operation throughout Western Europe and had produced 8 million books.“ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_spread_of_the_printing_press
  8. 8. Age of the passive narrative
  9. 9. And then, Internet, social networks and videogames 10
  10. 10. Quality of narrative is independent of the medium. Good, meaningful narrative through Twitter, even Facebook. Melt-a-Plot: UI design includes motivation. 11
  11. 11. 13
  12. 12. The games universe 14
  13. 13. Two different narratives through games
  14. 14. Self referential / Referring games Both may be good or bad. 17
  15. 15. Non played games. Dear Esther, Proteus, Journey 18
  16. 16. Games for change
  17. 17. Games for change 20
  18. 18. Ludo narrative dissonance 21
  19. 19. Oh how nice it is to work as a slave for this multinational http://unmanned.molleindustria.org/ 22
  20. 20. Playfied solutions “Gamification”. Bottle bank arcade. Somemtimes, unhealthy psychological consequences. Techniology of “fitting better”: technology for control (Foucault). Game play is instrumental to an external goal. 23
  21. 21. http://thegamebible.com/ 24
  22. 22. Learning & teaching with games from games 25
  23. 23. Cargo Bot http://twolivesleft.com/CargoBot/ Videogames are ideal for transmitting formal rules through concrete examples. This can cover a lot of ground. Also probe – test – rethink – probe cycle. 26
  24. 24. Search energy in a 3D environment. 27
  25. 25. The dark side 28
  26. 26. No narrative ideal, no purpose beyond monetization. Lenses in a skeleton: The Sims Social. 29
  27. 27. Measure, measure, measure. 30
  28. 28. Addiction by Design Natascha Schull http://gelconference.com/videos/2008/natasha_schull 97% is given by the slot machine – study IT
  29. 29. Narrative for / in / from / out games 32
  30. 30. The Magic Circle: Huizinga, Johan. 1971. Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play Element in Culture. Boston: Beacon Press. 33
  31. 31. Which story? - user gameplay story - learning story - author scripted story - game generated story - describing the game (story as ux tool) Distinguish: emergent narrative vs. embedded narrative. 34
  32. 32. Classical media is not interactive: depends how you look at it. There is a branching reality, and videogames are rarely truly interactive. http://gamamoto.com/2011/11/08/storytelling-and-video-games/ 35
  33. 33. “If one understands that storytelling for games has little or nothing to do with interactive storytelling one has already saved oneself a lot of trouble.” It goes in many directions. 36
  34. 34. 37
  35. 35. 38
  36. 36. Anti narrativism http://www.whatgamesare.com/2012/05/games-dont-tell-stories-people-tell-stories.html#more 39
  37. 37. There isn't one right way to include stories in games: Storyteller, Blackbar ... 40
  38. 38. The flow The blurry edge between challenging and too difficoult. There is the flow. We are tackling the tip of something complex. When we are kept at the margin of our abilities – it’s the flow graph. So its complex, there are exceptions everywhere. 41
  39. 39. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (Author) 42
  40. 40. Stress based classification. 43
  41. 41. Koster – Deterding definition of fun. 44
  42. 42. “Fun is about learning in a context where there is no pressure” But in school there is, and there has to be, pressure. There is here a dynamic. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=x5YtkTw4wn4#! 45
  43. 43. http://codingconduct.cc/Pawned 46
  44. 44. Fun is learning - but learning is not always fun. “Fun is a feedback we get in the mind when absorbing patterns for learning purposes” Koster From “Theory of Fun” 47
  45. 45. Technology Technology as as a barrier: facilitation: creates breaks the (dangerous) language language games games
  46. 46. This breaks the language game, in an accessible way.
  47. 47. Beyond 50
  48. 48. 51
  49. 49. Wittgenstein, Foucault, Kripke 52
  50. 50. My twitter stream is mostly dedicated to game design: http://twitter.com/ppolsinelli A blog on game design http://designagame.eu 53
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