Produced from the milk of the OpiumPoppy plant that grows in Europeand Asia
Effects of Opiates• Most Highly Addictive of All Families of Drugs– Produce very strong high and strong tolerance– Addiction can occur from just ONE use• Strong withdrawal symptoms– Muscle pain, vomiting, cramps, shaking, chills,panic attacks and even, COMA/ DEATH– Breaking addiction usually require a slow gradualdecrease in the amount of the drug (Weening)
PRESCRIBED NARCOTICSPAIN KILLERS• Schedules vary..• Morphine = 2– Schedule 1 in Canada• Percocet = 2• Vicodin = 2• Oxycontin = 2• Darvocet = 4HOW THEY WORKBlock the Opioid Receptorsin brain and dull pain*Some also treat coughingand intestinal problems• Fentanyl = 2• Codeine = 2• Dilaudid = 2• Demoral = 2• Darvon = 4**In 2003, prescription painmeds were involved inmore overdose deathsthan heroin and cocainecombined
• HEROIN– Schedule 1 Classification– Developed in 1898 in Germany to be used as apainkiller– Made from Morphine (from Opium Plant)– Cause Euphoria, sleepiness, warm feeling in skin,shallow breathing, nauseavomiting, DEATH– Can be snorted or smoked– Most commonly INJECTED• Scarring, open wounds, infections (HIV, Hepatitis)
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