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Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
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Jump into Renewable energy industry in China

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  1. Jump into renewable energy industry! Zhou YC, Tang SJ, Zhang XT present Nankai University 2007.5
  2. Why renewable energy <ul><li>Industry curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage of fossil fuel including oil and gas </li></ul><ul><li>Environment enforcement to curb the CO 2 emission </li></ul><ul><li>Government endorsement </li></ul><ul><li>Central government’s long term plan and determination to develop the renewable energy </li></ul>
  3. Reality and outlook <ul><li>The start-up phase compared with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>The renewable energy account for 0.1% of total energy consuming in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Target for year 2020:renewable energy account for 30% of the electrical power supply </li></ul><ul><li>The annual increasing rate of renewable energy over 25% </li></ul>Via China Renewable energy medium-and-long-term development plan
  4. Government focus on the big four biomass, wind, solar and water
  5. Government-led technology trend
  6. Economic Factor <ul><li>Renewable electricity price excess average is borne equally by all end-users. </li></ul><ul><li>Partially tax concession. </li></ul><ul><li>Partially subsidies. </li></ul><ul><li>Small hydro power could receive long-term loans from National Development Bank. </li></ul>
  7. Biomass industry <ul><li>Biodiesel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Target: The demand mount of Biodiesel will reach 20 million ton in 2010. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main player CNOOC, Beck fuel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many projects </li></ul></ul>The total products of the projects constructed will be about 3 million ton 600,000 Ton Guofengoil 750,000Ton Qingjiang Bioenergy Smaller project
  8. Biomass industry <ul><li>Bioethanol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Target The demand amount of fuel ethanol will reach 4,500,000 ton per year in China . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main player </li></ul></ul>CNPC COFCO The total products is about 1.02 million ton at present Others
  9. Wind industry policy <ul><li>Wind power concession project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start at 2003, totally four times till 2006, 3 mKW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still improving, with balace on low price and industry growth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equipment manufacturing localization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In newly build wind farm, more than 70% of local equipment manufacture is needed. </li></ul></ul>… industry insiders believed that at that time(2020), it could be 170 million kilowatts . Arthouros Zervos Chairman Global Wind Energy Council
  10. Wind industry <ul><li>Main player in wind farm business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big five State-owned power companies: China Guo Dian, LongYuan Group, DaTang Group, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private company: Farsighted Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International companies: Airtricity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main player in wind turbine manufacturing business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International manufacturers: Vestas, Gamesa, Enercon, GE Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic manufacturers: XinJiang Goldwind </li></ul></ul>
  11. Solar industry If the horse can not catch upon the sun, I will put the sun on the back of horse Khazaks herdsman use solar photovoltaic cell to generate power Target : Five times that in 2005 Dominate in the western rural area Three players in Photovoltaic : GE, BP solar, SunPower One dominate player in Solar heating : HuangMing
  12. Hydro power industry <ul><li>Target </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small hydro schemes are particularly popular in China, which has over 50% of world small hydro capacity. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Challenge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsettled in the preferential policy for this industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main player </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World’s first class equipment manufacturer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large influx of private capital recently. </li></ul></ul>
  13. Which industry? Screening criteria <ul><ul><li>Market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High market potential, rapid development in industry commercialization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large room for technology advancement and reasonable knowledge transfer feasibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stable revenue and high-rewarding profit in the future </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Permission of foreign capital and no monopoly from domestic </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. <ul><li>Portfolio Optimization of the investment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass Replace the existing oil esources in the future automobile world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind Clean, centralize power generation in this century . </li></ul></ul>Biomass Wind Power Solar Hydro Market √ √ × √ Technology √ √ √ × Finance √ √ × √ Competition √ √ √ ×
  15. Biomass feasibility plan <ul><li>Main business area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct investment on biodiesel & bioethanol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define the business role as producer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish joint venture with state-owned company Setup refine factory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research on suitable material and it’s refinery technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek stable and diversity material supplier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperate with automobile industry to commercialize biofuel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up nationwide distribution channel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye on international demand </li></ul></ul>
  16. Wind feasibility plan Short term action <ul><li>Setup wind farm operation company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participate in wind power concession project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact local government to operate small wind farm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Onshore & near-shore farm operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment: 8000~10000RMB/kilowatt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runtime: 20 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric sell price: about 0.477RMB/watt in past concession project </li></ul></ul>
  17. Wind feasibility plan Medium-and-long-term action <ul><li>Purchase a manufacturer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To get the core technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To cut down equipment price </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operation large-scale offshore wind farm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More wind power generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longer wind turbines life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High technical threshold </li></ul></ul>
  18. Thanks <ul><li>To join with SK in China together </li></ul>

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