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Jump into Renewable energy industry in China
 

Jump into Renewable energy industry in China

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    Jump into Renewable energy industry in China Jump into Renewable energy industry in China Presentation Transcript

    • Jump into renewable energy industry! Zhou YC, Tang SJ, Zhang XT present Nankai University 2007.5
    • Why renewable energy
      • Industry curiosity
      • Drainage of fossil fuel including oil and gas
      • Environment enforcement to curb the CO 2 emission
      • Government endorsement
      • Central government’s long term plan and determination to develop the renewable energy
    • Reality and outlook
      • The start-up phase compared with other countries
      • The renewable energy account for 0.1% of total energy consuming in 2005
      • Target for year 2020:renewable energy account for 30% of the electrical power supply
      • The annual increasing rate of renewable energy over 25%
      Via China Renewable energy medium-and-long-term development plan
    • Government focus on the big four biomass, wind, solar and water
    • Government-led technology trend
    • Economic Factor
      • Renewable electricity price excess average is borne equally by all end-users.
      • Partially tax concession.
      • Partially subsidies.
      • Small hydro power could receive long-term loans from National Development Bank.
    • Biomass industry
      • Biodiesel
        • Target: The demand mount of Biodiesel will reach 20 million ton in 2010.
        • Main player CNOOC, Beck fuel
        • Many projects
      The total products of the projects constructed will be about 3 million ton 600,000 Ton Guofengoil 750,000Ton Qingjiang Bioenergy Smaller project
    • Biomass industry
      • Bioethanol
        • Target The demand amount of fuel ethanol will reach 4,500,000 ton per year in China .
        • Main player
      CNPC COFCO The total products is about 1.02 million ton at present Others
    • Wind industry policy
      • Wind power concession project
        • Start at 2003, totally four times till 2006, 3 mKW
        • Still improving, with balace on low price and industry growth
      • Equipment manufacturing localization
        • In newly build wind farm, more than 70% of local equipment manufacture is needed.
      … industry insiders believed that at that time(2020), it could be 170 million kilowatts . Arthouros Zervos Chairman Global Wind Energy Council
    • Wind industry
      • Main player in wind farm business
        • Big five State-owned power companies: China Guo Dian, LongYuan Group, DaTang Group, etc
        • Private company: Farsighted Group
        • International companies: Airtricity
      • Main player in wind turbine manufacturing business
        • International manufacturers: Vestas, Gamesa, Enercon, GE Energy
        • Domestic manufacturers: XinJiang Goldwind
    • Solar industry If the horse can not catch upon the sun, I will put the sun on the back of horse Khazaks herdsman use solar photovoltaic cell to generate power Target : Five times that in 2005 Dominate in the western rural area Three players in Photovoltaic : GE, BP solar, SunPower One dominate player in Solar heating : HuangMing
    • Hydro power industry
      • Target
        • Small hydro schemes are particularly popular in China, which has over 50% of world small hydro capacity.
      • Challenge
        • Unsettled in the preferential policy for this industry
      • Main player
        • World’s first class equipment manufacturer
        • Large influx of private capital recently.
    • Which industry? Screening criteria
        • Market
          • High market potential, rapid development in industry commercialization
        • Technology
          • Large room for technology advancement and reasonable knowledge transfer feasibility
        • Finance
          • Stable revenue and high-rewarding profit in the future
        • Competition
          • Permission of foreign capital and no monopoly from domestic
      • Portfolio Optimization of the investment
        • Biomass Replace the existing oil esources in the future automobile world.
        • Wind Clean, centralize power generation in this century .
      Biomass Wind Power Solar Hydro Market √ √ × √ Technology √ √ √ × Finance √ √ × √ Competition √ √ √ ×
    • Biomass feasibility plan
      • Main business area
        • Direct investment on biodiesel & bioethanol
        • Define the business role as producer
      • Main action
        • Establish joint venture with state-owned company Setup refine factory
        • Research on suitable material and it’s refinery technology
        • Seek stable and diversity material supplier
        • Cooperate with automobile industry to commercialize biofuel.
        • Set up nationwide distribution channel
        • Eye on international demand
    • Wind feasibility plan Short term action
      • Setup wind farm operation company
        • Participate in wind power concession project
        • Contact local government to operate small wind farm
      • Onshore & near-shore farm operation
        • Investment: 8000~10000RMB/kilowatt
        • Runtime: 20 years
        • Electric sell price: about 0.477RMB/watt in past concession project
    • Wind feasibility plan Medium-and-long-term action
      • Purchase a manufacturer
        • To get the core technology
        • To cut down equipment price
      • Operation large-scale offshore wind farm
        • More wind power generation
        • Longer wind turbines life
        • High technical threshold
    • Thanks
      • To join with SK in China together