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Late Adulthood: changes & challenges
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Late Adulthood: changes & challenges

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Human Behavior in Social Environment

Human Behavior in Social Environment

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Late Adulthood: changes & challenges Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Late Adulthood: Changes, Challenges, and Adjustments
    Notis Pentaris
  • 2. What are our attitudes towards aging?
    What do YOU think about when you think about aging? What hopes and/or worries do you have?
    How do you feel Western cultural norms influence our attitudes towards aging?
    How about other cultural norms?
    What exactly does it mean to grow old?
  • 3. As we enter into late adulthood, we encounter many changes and transitions.
  • 4. Aging involves…
    Biophysical Changes and Challenges
    Senescence and Health Issues
    Pharmaceutical Interventions
    Closer monitoring of health and wellness
  • 5. Aging involves…
    Psychological Changes and Challenges
    Erikson: Integrity vs. Despair
    Attitudes
    Communication
    Self Concept
  • 6. Aging involves…
    Social Changes and Challenges
    Friends and Activities
    Environmental Changes
    ROLE changes
  • 7. Role Changes
    Retirement
    Grandparenthood/ Other Family Relationships
    Friendships and Social Networks
    Community Roles
    Transition from Provider of Care to Recipient of Care
  • 8. Towards late adulthood…
    Dependence
    vs
    Independence
  • 9. Requesting and Accepting Help
    Independence and Self-Sufficiency
    ADL’s and IADL’s
    Cultural Attitudes towards the Helping Process
    In the United States
    In other Countries
    Personal Values and Needs
    What happens when values are threatened and/or needs are not met?
  • 10. What is Dignity?
  • 11. ADJUSTMENTS and Well-Being
    Structures of Support (Micro, Mezzo, Macro)
    Activity / Engagement
    Studies on Activity and Wellness in Seniors
    Health Factors
    Environmental Factors
    Cultural Factors
  • 12. Sources of Support
    Institutional (nursing homes, assisted living, etc.)
    Family
    Community (senior centers, social welfare services, Meals on Wheels, faith-based services, etc.)
    Helplines, the Internet
    Professional, in-home
    Nurse Aides
    Social Workers (including Case Managers)
  • 13. Social Workers and Case Management
    What are Case Managers? What do they do?
    Empowerment- Oriented Practice
  • 14. Conclusion
    Age is an issue of mind over matter.  If you don't mind, it doesn't matter.  ~Mark Twain
    Nobody grows old merely by living a number of years.  We grow old by deserting our ideals.  Years may wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul.  ~Samuel Ullman
    Growing old is mandatory; growing up is optional. ~Chili Davis
    There was no respect for youth when I was young, and now that I am old, there is no respect for age - I missed it coming and going.  ~J.B. Priestly
  • 15. Resources
    Ashford, B. J. & LeCroy, W. C., (2008). Human Behavior in the Social Environment: A Multidimensional Perspective (4th Ed.). United States: Brooks/ Cole: Cengage Learning.
    Baker, L. A., Cahalin, L. P., Gerst, K., & Burr, J. A. (2005). Productive Activities and Subjective Well-Being Among Older Adults: The Influence of Number of Activities and Time Committment. Social Indicators Research , 431-458.
    Cox, E. O. (2002). Empowerment-Oriented Practice Applied to Long-Term Care. Journal of Social Work in Long-Term Care , 27-46.
    Harris, S. (2004). The end of faith: Religion, terror, and the future of reason. New York: Norton
    Lampinen, P., Heikkinen, R. L., Kauppinen, M., & Heikkinen, E. (2006). Activity as a predictor of mental well-being among older adults. Aging and Mental Health , 454-466.
     http://www.caregiver.on.ca/cgddgrla.html