Late Adulthood: Changes, Challenges, and Adjustments<br />Notis Pentaris<br />
What are our attitudes towards aging?<br />What do YOU think about when you think about aging?  What hopes and/or worries ...
As we enter into late adulthood, we encounter many changes and transitions.<br />
Aging involves…<br />Biophysical Changes and Challenges<br />Senescence and Health Issues<br />Pharmaceutical Intervention...
Aging involves…<br />Psychological Changes and Challenges<br />Erikson: Integrity vs. Despair<br />Attitudes<br />Communic...
Aging involves…<br />Social Changes and Challenges<br />Friends and Activities<br />Environmental Changes<br />ROLE change...
Role Changes<br />Retirement<br />Grandparenthood/ Other Family Relationships<br />Friendships and Social Networks<br />Co...
Towards late adulthood…<br />Dependence<br />vs<br />Independence<br />
Requesting and Accepting Help<br />Independence and Self-Sufficiency<br />ADL’s and IADL’s<br />Cultural Attitudes towards...
What is Dignity?<br />
ADJUSTMENTS and Well-Being<br />Structures of Support (Micro, Mezzo, Macro)<br />Activity / Engagement<br />Studies on Act...
Sources of Support<br />Institutional (nursing homes, assisted living, etc.)<br />Family<br />Community (senior centers,  ...
Social Workers and Case Management<br />What are Case Managers? What do they do?<br />Empowerment- Oriented Practice<br />
Conclusion<br />Age is an issue of mind over matter.  If you don't mind, it doesn't matter.  ~Mark Twain<br />Nobody grows...
Resources<br />Ashford, B. J. & LeCroy, W. C., (2008). Human Behavior in the Social Environment: A Multidimensional Perspe...
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Late Adulthood: changes & challenges

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Late Adulthood: changes & challenges

  1. 1. Late Adulthood: Changes, Challenges, and Adjustments<br />Notis Pentaris<br />
  2. 2. What are our attitudes towards aging?<br />What do YOU think about when you think about aging? What hopes and/or worries do you have?<br />How do you feel Western cultural norms influence our attitudes towards aging?<br />How about other cultural norms?<br />What exactly does it mean to grow old?<br />
  3. 3. As we enter into late adulthood, we encounter many changes and transitions.<br />
  4. 4. Aging involves…<br />Biophysical Changes and Challenges<br />Senescence and Health Issues<br />Pharmaceutical Interventions<br />Closer monitoring of health and wellness<br />
  5. 5. Aging involves…<br />Psychological Changes and Challenges<br />Erikson: Integrity vs. Despair<br />Attitudes<br />Communication<br />Self Concept<br />
  6. 6. Aging involves…<br />Social Changes and Challenges<br />Friends and Activities<br />Environmental Changes<br />ROLE changes<br />
  7. 7. Role Changes<br />Retirement<br />Grandparenthood/ Other Family Relationships<br />Friendships and Social Networks<br />Community Roles<br />Transition from Provider of Care to Recipient of Care<br />
  8. 8. Towards late adulthood…<br />Dependence<br />vs<br />Independence<br />
  9. 9. Requesting and Accepting Help<br />Independence and Self-Sufficiency<br />ADL’s and IADL’s<br />Cultural Attitudes towards the Helping Process<br />In the United States<br />In other Countries<br />Personal Values and Needs<br />What happens when values are threatened and/or needs are not met?<br />
  10. 10. What is Dignity?<br />
  11. 11. ADJUSTMENTS and Well-Being<br />Structures of Support (Micro, Mezzo, Macro)<br />Activity / Engagement<br />Studies on Activity and Wellness in Seniors<br />Health Factors<br />Environmental Factors<br />Cultural Factors<br />
  12. 12. Sources of Support<br />Institutional (nursing homes, assisted living, etc.)<br />Family<br />Community (senior centers, social welfare services, Meals on Wheels, faith-based services, etc.)<br />Helplines, the Internet<br />Professional, in-home<br />Nurse Aides<br />Social Workers (including Case Managers)<br />
  13. 13. Social Workers and Case Management<br />What are Case Managers? What do they do?<br />Empowerment- Oriented Practice<br />
  14. 14. Conclusion<br />Age is an issue of mind over matter.  If you don't mind, it doesn't matter.  ~Mark Twain<br />Nobody grows old merely by living a number of years.  We grow old by deserting our ideals.  Years may wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul.  ~Samuel Ullman<br />Growing old is mandatory; growing up is optional. ~Chili Davis<br />There was no respect for youth when I was young, and now that I am old, there is no respect for age - I missed it coming and going.  ~J.B. Priestly<br />
  15. 15. Resources<br />Ashford, B. J. & LeCroy, W. C., (2008). Human Behavior in the Social Environment: A Multidimensional Perspective (4th Ed.). United States: Brooks/ Cole: Cengage Learning. <br />Baker, L. A., Cahalin, L. P., Gerst, K., & Burr, J. A. (2005). Productive Activities and Subjective Well-Being Among Older Adults: The Influence of Number of Activities and Time Committment. Social Indicators Research , 431-458.<br />Cox, E. O. (2002). Empowerment-Oriented Practice Applied to Long-Term Care. Journal of Social Work in Long-Term Care , 27-46.<br />Harris, S. (2004). The end of faith: Religion, terror, and the future of reason. New York: Norton <br />Lampinen, P., Heikkinen, R. L., Kauppinen, M., & Heikkinen, E. (2006). Activity as a predictor of mental well-being among older adults. Aging and Mental Health , 454-466.<br /> http://www.caregiver.on.ca/cgddgrla.html<br />

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