9 17-12-rel142
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9 17-12-rel142

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9 17-12-rel142 9 17-12-rel142 Presentation Transcript

  • The AztecThe Relationship of the Human Body and the Cosmos
  • Cosmovision• All life is integrated around a sacred center – Sacred Tree/Sacred Mountain• World health was connected to the correct circulation of energies – Rituals at the center.
  • Aztec Understanding of a Human Being• Divided into 3 realms – Above, middle, below – Similar to the cosmos
  • Head• In the head resides Tonalli – Animating principle of the sun – Tonalli means day• Entered the body through fontanel (third eye) at birth – Source of intelligence
  • Heart• Associated with the heavens and earth – teyolia--container of vigor and energy--blood-- vital fluid• Site of memory and knowledge – Source of power to divine fates
  • Liver• Connected with the underworld and the dead – earth energies• Connected with emotions and bravery – Also a source for disease
  • Unity of Time and Space • 3 calendars – Year, Agricultural and Divinitory • Fervary Mayer – 8 directions, blood flowing to body parts • Tonalpohualli-Day Count – Divintory calendar – 260 days
  • Tenochtitlan
  • Ceremonial Center
  • Templo Mayor--Altepetl (Water Mountain)
  • Coyolxauhqui--Moon Goddess
  • Coatlicue and Huitzilopochtli • Coatlicue (Serpent Skirt) – Earth Mother • Huitzilopochtli – Solar Deity • Nextlahualli--Blood Sacrifice – Payment of Debt
  • Tlaloc and the Valley of Mexico • Tlaloc--”he who is the embodiment of the land” • Tlalocan--the home of Tlaloc located in the underworld
  • Atlcahualo--Drought • First Month – Before rainy season (12 February) • Child Sacrifice • Ritual map of Valley of Mexico
  • Eating Landscape • Earth was Tlaloc’s body, sites of sacrifice were his mouths – Demand was for human blood in exchange for water – Fruits of human body (children) were exchanged for fruits of the earth (agricultural products) – Sacrifice--”payment of debt”