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  • 1. The AztecThe Relationship of the Human Body and the Cosmos
  • 2. Cosmovision• All life is integrated around a sacred center – Sacred Tree/Sacred Mountain• World health was connected to the correct circulation of energies – Rituals at the center.
  • 3. Aztec Understanding of a Human Being• Divided into 3 realms – Above, middle, below – Similar to the cosmos
  • 4. Head• In the head resides Tonalli – Animating principle of the sun – Tonalli means day• Entered the body through fontanel (third eye) at birth – Source of intelligence
  • 5. Heart• Associated with the heavens and earth – teyolia--container of vigor and energy--blood-- vital fluid• Site of memory and knowledge – Source of power to divine fates
  • 6. Liver• Connected with the underworld and the dead – earth energies• Connected with emotions and bravery – Also a source for disease
  • 7. Unity of Time and Space • 3 calendars – Year, Agricultural and Divinitory • Fervary Mayer – 8 directions, blood flowing to body parts • Tonalpohualli-Day Count – Divintory calendar – 260 days
  • 8. Tenochtitlan
  • 9. Ceremonial Center
  • 10. Templo Mayor--Altepetl (Water Mountain)
  • 11. Coyolxauhqui--Moon Goddess
  • 12. Coatlicue and Huitzilopochtli • Coatlicue (Serpent Skirt) – Earth Mother • Huitzilopochtli – Solar Deity • Nextlahualli--Blood Sacrifice – Payment of Debt
  • 13. Tlaloc and the Valley of Mexico • Tlaloc--”he who is the embodiment of the land” • Tlalocan--the home of Tlaloc located in the underworld
  • 14. Atlcahualo--Drought • First Month – Before rainy season (12 February) • Child Sacrifice • Ritual map of Valley of Mexico
  • 15. Eating Landscape • Earth was Tlaloc’s body, sites of sacrifice were his mouths – Demand was for human blood in exchange for water – Fruits of human body (children) were exchanged for fruits of the earth (agricultural products) – Sacrifice--”payment of debt”