Money is Not Territory“Religious” Dimensions of Iroquois             Wampum
On the “Freedom Trail”
Tourist Highlights
What Freedom?
Pilgrims on Cape Cod
First Theft
What is Religion?• Exchange• Indigenous traditions challenge conventional  (i.e., Constitutional) understandings of  relig...
Wampum   • Worked shell bead     from the quahoag shell
Contemporary Wampum artistry
Wampum’s Value       • Purple (black) and         white          – Cosmological attributes            of Earth/Sky,       ...
Hiawantha Belt of the    Haudenosaunee Confederacy• Story of the  Peacemaker and  Hiawantha• Condolence  – Grief as a sudd...
Tsha’hon’nonyen’dakhwa’“Where they play games”
Wampum Belts• “Two-Row Wampum”--Guswentha  – Treaty between Haudenosaunee and Dutch 1613  – Residence and exchange as equa...
NOON campaign for 2013• http://www.honorthetworow.org
European Wampum• Wampum as Money   – Tied to the Development of Colonial America• Access to Beaver pelts   – Basis of tran...
Wampum and Money: Expor-ations of      Religion as Exchange• For Haudenosaunee            • For Europeans wampum  wampum i...
Money and Native Americans             • Monetary exchange               network (Global               economy) has been t...
Theodor de Bry, Las Casas, the Black        Legend and GOLD
Money as Religion• “Total fact” of modern existence  – Everything is evaluated with respect to monetary    value• Symbolic...
Theology of Money• Sacred reality is removed  from material life   – Anthrocentric emphasis       • Everything is here for...
Basic Call to Consciousness  What has befallen Native American people  will befall us all• Environmental degradation  – Ex...
Native Nations and the UN• World Stage that respects cultural differences• Since 1978 there has developed a Indigenous  pe...
UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous              Issues• http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/index.h  tml• Meeting at UN NYC ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

11 12-12-rel142

465 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
465
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
92
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

11 12-12-rel142

  1. 1. Money is Not Territory“Religious” Dimensions of Iroquois Wampum
  2. 2. On the “Freedom Trail”
  3. 3. Tourist Highlights
  4. 4. What Freedom?
  5. 5. Pilgrims on Cape Cod
  6. 6. First Theft
  7. 7. What is Religion?• Exchange• Indigenous traditions challenge conventional (i.e., Constitutional) understandings of religion• Not strictly ideological--material• Status of researcher as a participant in cultural critique and creation
  8. 8. Wampum • Worked shell bead from the quahoag shell
  9. 9. Contemporary Wampum artistry
  10. 10. Wampum’s Value • Purple (black) and white – Cosmological attributes of Earth/Sky, Night/Day, Creator Twins • Purity of intention – Living force of words spoken into wampum and from wampum into speaker
  11. 11. Hiawantha Belt of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy• Story of the Peacemaker and Hiawantha• Condolence – Grief as a sudden disjunction between humans and creation – Wampum restores relations
  12. 12. Tsha’hon’nonyen’dakhwa’“Where they play games”
  13. 13. Wampum Belts• “Two-Row Wampum”--Guswentha – Treaty between Haudenosaunee and Dutch 1613 – Residence and exchange as equals • Non-interference agreement – Dutch version discovered in 1968 • Emphasis on exclusivity of trade relationship
  14. 14. NOON campaign for 2013• http://www.honorthetworow.org
  15. 15. European Wampum• Wampum as Money – Tied to the Development of Colonial America• Access to Beaver pelts – Basis of trans-Atlantic commerce – Creation of NYC (JJ Astor), Erie Canal• Long Island factories – Last “wampum mint” closed in 1899 – Reorganized worlds of Native and Europeans• Exchange rate: 3 white/1 black to British penny
  16. 16. Wampum and Money: Expor-ations of Religion as Exchange• For Haudenosaunee • For Europeans wampum wampum is an was the basis for trans- expression of the Atlantic trade cosmos – Extending colonial – Extending the empires through Confederacy through commerce Condolence – Wampum as money – Wampum as being • Immigrant phenomenon • Indigenous phenomenon
  17. 17. Money and Native Americans • Monetary exchange network (Global economy) has been the most detrimental to Native communities – Not religion, per se – Modern notion of money derived from Christian worldview
  18. 18. Theodor de Bry, Las Casas, the Black Legend and GOLD
  19. 19. Money as Religion• “Total fact” of modern existence – Everything is evaluated with respect to monetary value• Symbolic, mythic, “faith based,”• Materiality of our current existence• Wampum clarifies religious nature of money – No joke
  20. 20. Theology of Money• Sacred reality is removed from material life – Anthrocentric emphasis • Everything is here for human beings• God or Creator is “otiosus” – Sign of God in money – Removed from Creation• Creates a dangerous world
  21. 21. Basic Call to Consciousness What has befallen Native American people will befall us all• Environmental degradation – Expressed in weather and sickness• Loss of cultural identity• Not apocalyptic; no sense of optimism – Self-fulfilling prophecy of Religions which emphasize the end
  22. 22. Native Nations and the UN• World Stage that respects cultural differences• Since 1978 there has developed a Indigenous peoples consultation – Lead by Oren Lyons of Onondaga – Haudenosaunee passports• Quote page 90 – World at a critical point
  23. 23. UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues• http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/index.h tml• Meeting at UN NYC every spring• Discussions of the Doctrine of Discovery as a critical aspect of Indigenous survival

×