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Indian Roots of American DemocracyShifting mythologies of the cultural origins of the United States
José Barriero: Introduction• Problems with history – Of accepting the connection with the Haudenosaunee• 1754 Albany Plan of Union – Precedent for writing the Constitution – Meeting of Founding Fathers and Haudenosaunee Chiefs• Controversial with non-Native scholars – Starna, Axtell, Tooker, Fenton
Tom Porter (Kanatsiohareke) http://www.mohawkcommunity.com/• Royaner (Mohawk); “Chief” – “Man of a good mind” – Family man and leader – Trouble with being an expert, Ph.D. – Honoring women, Creation • Remembering the body • They choose the royaner – Poorest people (p. 19) • Skin 7 layers thick
John Mohawk (SUNY-Buffalo)• Being a Chief is hard• Haudenosaunee Great Law is being accountable to Creation – Example: Duty to keep the water pure• Takes great amounts of thinking• Who else outside the West thinks?• Who else outside the West has contributed to the formation of Western Culture?
Oren Lyons (SUNY-Buffalo; Faithkeeper from Onondaga)• Peacemaker brings the Great Law – 2 Houses of Grand Council – 50 Chiefs – Onondaga listen to debate – Tadodaho • Chief of Confederacy, not just his clan
Audrey Shenandoah (Clan Mother at Onondaga Nation)• Everything has to be in balance• Male and Female power – Not equality but balance• Women oversee material life of clans – Choose Male Chiefs • Remove them if necessary – Naming children• Future of University – Extending peace by learning about others