10 22-12-rel142
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10 22-12-rel142 10 22-12-rel142 Presentation Transcript

  • Everyday Interpretations of Creation Iroquois Orientations to the World
  • Tadadaho Leon Shenandoah By Rich Hill
  • Challenges of Teaching Creation Myths• People of the U.S. tend to emphasize the end – Eschatology, Millennialism • Prominent feature of Protestant Christianity• Most Indigenous traditions emphasize the beginning• Why? What are the consequences of this different emphasis?
  • Everyday Importance of Creation Stories• Not just an event of the past – Creation is critical for understanding the present world• Organizes the world – “Founds” the world, makes reality possible• Form the basis of a human relationship with the world
  • Case of the Haudenosaunee, “People of the Longhouse” • Traditional Iroquois • Confederation of 6 tribes – Mohawk, Oneida, Ononda ga, Cayuga, Tuscarora, Sen eca • Last traditional government in US • Democracy, Women’s Movement
  • Onondaga Longhouse• Central Fire/Tree – Grand Council• 3 Messages – 1. Creation/ Thanksgivings – 2. Great Law of Peace • Matrilineal Clans – 3. Code of Handsome Lake• Thanksgiving Address – First Instruction – Not worship, not a prayer
  • Haudenosaunee Creation Story • Skywoman – Iotsitsisen • Creation from Descent/Emergence • From Skywoman by Joanne Shenandoah and Doug George
  • North America as Turtle Island• Iotsitsisen creates earth – Animals • Beaver, Otter, Muskrat• Earth-Diver Myths
  • First Woman--Tekawerahkwa • Birth of First Woman • Birth of Twins – Okwiraseh (New Tree) – Tawiskaron (Ice Skin) • Oppositions
  • Origin of Food Plants• Body of Tekawerahkwa creates corn, beans, and squash – Three Sisters
  • Creativity of Conflict • Twins (Benign and Mischievous) create things of the earth and battle
  • Oppositions of Life• Necessity of opposing forces in creation of life• Games – Lacrosse, etc. – Healing properties of conflict