Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show • Mythology of Westward Migration – Manifest Destiny • Blackstone, Buckskin, Bullets, and Business
Mythology of the Martyrdom of General Custer • Buffalo Bill intentionally looked like Custer – Black Elk calls him Pahuska (Long Hair) – Battle of Little Big Horn (Greasy Grass) is the final act of the Show
Indians in the Wild West Show• Sitting Bull• Why does Black Elk join the Show?• Phillip Bigtree, Mohawk
Travels with the Show• Chicago, New York Madison Square Garden• England – Difficulties of Atlantic passage• Meets “Grandma England” at her (Victoria’s) Diamond Jubilee
Mexican Joe Show• Misses the boat home• Joins another Show and travels to Paris, Germany and other places• Dies in Paris for 3 days – Visits home – Homesickness – Great trouble• In Europe 1886-89
Ghost Dance “Messiah”• New Treaty in 1889 – Lost half of remaining land• Wovoka in Mason Valley, Nevada – Paiute – Jack Wilson• Save the Indian – Destroy the Wasichu – Bring back the dead and the Buffalo
Black Elk’s Ghost Dance Vision• Ghost Dance takes Black Elk to the land of the Dead – Similar to Dog Vision• Brings back the Ghost Shirt• Ghost Dancing makes Wasichus afraid – Why?
Butchering atWounded Knee • Bad trouble coming because of wasichu fear • 7th Calvary (Custer’s outfit) – Fear of Ghost Dance led to massacre of – Hotchkiss gun • Big Foot’s band of elderly, women and children – Almost 300 died
Gatling Gun circa 1895
Reactions to Wounded Knee“The nobility of the Redskin is extinguished, andwhat few are left are a pack of whining curs wholick the hand that smites them. The Whites, by lawof conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters ofthe American continent, and the best safety of thefrontier settlements will be secured by the totalannihilation of the few remaining Indians. Why notannihilation? Their glory has fled, their spiritbroken, their manhood effaced; better that theyshould die than live the miserable wretches thatthey are.” Editor, Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer, Dec.1890
After Wounded Knee• “…*W+e had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up…and wipe these untamed and untamable creatures from the face of the earth.” Editor, Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer, Jan. 1891
L. Frank Baum• Wizard of Oz• “Clown of Syracuse”• Theosophist (Postive Mind Cure), feminist, magician, salesman, writer of children’s literature• Indian hater?
Capitalism and Gift Exchange• Wizard of Oz as mythology of monetary exchange system• Contrasted with Gift exchange of Lakota
Indians of Bloomingdales 2005
Trip to Harney Peak• Offering the pipe• A little thunder and rain• Site of Black Elk’s vision