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World War I

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Presentation given on July 9, 2012 at Yerba Buena High School

Presentation given on July 9, 2012 at Yerba Buena High School

Published in: Education, News & Politics

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Transcript

  • 1. World War I 1914-1918The Big Themes and U. S. InvolvementPar Pandit
  • 2. The MonarchsEngland -- George V (1910-1936)Germany -- Wilhelm II (1888-1918)Russia -- Nicholas II (1894-1917)Austria -- Franz Joseph I (1848-1916)Ottoman Empire - Mehmed V (1909-1924)Italy - Victor Emmanual III (1900-1946)
  • 3. Motivations and AlliancesEngland - protect Belgium neutrality, alliance with France and RussiaFrance - wants territory back from Germany. Alliance with England and RussiaGermany - Alliance with Austria, global ambitionsRussia - eyes on the Balkan states, protect SerbiaOttoman Empire - preserve crumbling empireAustria - fight nationalism within its declining empireItaly - wanted land from Austria
  • 4. United States• Wanted to stay officially neutral• U.S. Banks made large loans to Allies and small loans to Central Powers• The RMS Lusitania is sunk in 1915 (128 Americans die)• The Zimmerman Telegram to Mexico• Russian Revolution - now make it a war for democracy• U. S. declares war on Germany in April,
  • 5. Schlieffen Plan
  • 6. Changes in WarfareDifferent from previous warsSubmarines• Germany and England had them• England blockade successful while Germanys blockade was getting ignored by merchant ships• Old Rule: fair warning, rescue, honor• New Rule: unrestricted warfare
  • 7. Changes in WarfareDifferent from previous wars• Tanks - introduced to deal with trench warfare• Airplanes• Poisonous gases• Last war to use calvery• Machine guns
  • 8. Major Battles
  • 9. Major BattlesBattle of Tannenberg, Germany, 1914• From August 17 to September 2• Russia attacked Germany earlier than expected• Germany forced to move troops from western front to eastern front• Germany defeats Russia• Germany is denied a quick victory and forced to fight a war on two fronts
  • 10. Major BattlesBattle of Verdun, France, 1916:• February 21 to December 18• Location has no military value but historical value for France• Flamethrower and phosgene gas introduced by German• Close to a million total casualties suffered by German and French troops• Futile and formless
  • 11. Major BattlesThe Battle of the Somme, France, 1916:• July 1 to November 18• Another battle along the trenches• England and France on one side of the river with Germany on the other side• No land gained by either side• British lose 470,000 men• Germany lose 235,000 men
  • 12. Major BattlesBattle of Gallipoli, Turkey, 1915•From April 25, 1915 to January 9, 1916•A joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Istanbul and secure a sea route to Russia•Major victory for Ottoman Empire•Over 120,000 men had died. These included more than 80,000 Turkish soldiers and 44,000 British and French soldiers, including over 8,500 Australians
  • 13. U.S. Enter War• Entered partly because Russia dropped out of war• Entered partly due to the declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany• Sending close to 300,000 soldiers a month• Tips the scale in favor of Allies• Forces Germany into one last effort to defeat Allies before there are too many American troops
  • 14. U.S. Home Issues• Not enough soldiers so Selective Service is used a form of draft• Rationing, Army bonds• Coordinate business, government, and labor• Civil Liberties curtailed• More women join workforce• Mexicans and African-Americans come for fill jobs
  • 15. U.S. After the War• Labor strikes• High inflation due to no caps on prices• Competition for jobs due to returning soldiers• Racism on the rise• Fear of Communism• U.S. is now a world industrial leader
  • 16. Links• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXqppJ- L88U