Article IIIJudicial Branch Supreme Court
Judicial Branch• Number of Justices is determined by Congress  – Currently there are nine Justices• All judges for Supreme...
Supreme Court• Supreme Court is part of the Constitution• Congress can and has created lower (inferior)  courts  – Distric...
Jurisdiction• Jurisdiction - the power, right, or authority to  interpret and apply the law• Appeal – to take a case to a ...
Jurisdiction• Original Jurisdiction – the first to hear a case  in court• Appellate Court – to hear a case based on an  ap...
Jurisdiction• Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in the  cases involving  – Ambassadors  – Public Ministers and Consu...
Treason• Treason is  – Levying war against the United States  – Supporting her enemies  – Aiding and comforting her enemie...
Judicial Review• Judicial Review  – A courts authority to examine an executive or    legislative act and to invalidate tha...
The Supreme Court Justices           Reagan Appointees• Antonin Scalia    • Anthony Kennedy  (Conservative)      (Moderate)
The Supreme Court Justices     George H.W. Bush Appointees• Clarence Thomas (Conservative)
The Supreme Court Justices            Clinton Appointees• Ruth Ginsberg (Liberal)   • Stephen Breyer(Liberal)
The Supreme Court Justices       George W. Bush Appointees• Chief Justice John       • Samuel Alito  Roberts (Conservative...
The Supreme Court Justices           Obama Appointees• Sonya Sotomayer   • Elena Kagan (Liberal)  (Liberal)
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Article III - Supreme Court

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general info, Constitution

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Article III - Supreme Court

  1. 1. Article IIIJudicial Branch Supreme Court
  2. 2. Judicial Branch• Number of Justices is determined by Congress – Currently there are nine Justices• All judges for Supreme Court and inferior courts are appointed for life – “shall hold their offices during Good Behavior”• The Judicial Branch interprets the law
  3. 3. Supreme Court• Supreme Court is part of the Constitution• Congress can and has created lower (inferior) courts – District Courts – Appellate Courts (Appeals)
  4. 4. Jurisdiction• Jurisdiction - the power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law• Appeal – to take a case to a higher court
  5. 5. Jurisdiction• Original Jurisdiction – the first to hear a case in court• Appellate Court – to hear a case based on an appeal• Supreme Court – final court to hear a case based on appeals
  6. 6. Jurisdiction• Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in the cases involving – Ambassadors – Public Ministers and Consuls – Those in which a State shall be a party• All crime cases will be trial by jury except for – Impeachment
  7. 7. Treason• Treason is – Levying war against the United States – Supporting her enemies – Aiding and comforting her enemies• Conviction of Treason requires – Testimony of two Witnesses to the same act – Confession in open court
  8. 8. Judicial Review• Judicial Review – A courts authority to examine an executive or legislative act and to invalidate that act if it is contrary to constitutional principles.
  9. 9. The Supreme Court Justices Reagan Appointees• Antonin Scalia • Anthony Kennedy (Conservative) (Moderate)
  10. 10. The Supreme Court Justices George H.W. Bush Appointees• Clarence Thomas (Conservative)
  11. 11. The Supreme Court Justices Clinton Appointees• Ruth Ginsberg (Liberal) • Stephen Breyer(Liberal)
  12. 12. The Supreme Court Justices George W. Bush Appointees• Chief Justice John • Samuel Alito Roberts (Conservative) (Conservative)
  13. 13. The Supreme Court Justices Obama Appointees• Sonya Sotomayer • Elena Kagan (Liberal) (Liberal)
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