Judicial Branch• Number of Justices is determined by Congress – Currently there are nine Justices• All judges for Supreme Court and inferior courts are appointed for life – “shall hold their offices during Good Behavior”• The Judicial Branch interprets the law
Supreme Court• Supreme Court is part of the Constitution• Congress can and has created lower (inferior) courts – District Courts – Appellate Courts (Appeals)
Jurisdiction• Jurisdiction - the power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law• Appeal – to take a case to a higher court
Jurisdiction• Original Jurisdiction – the first to hear a case in court• Appellate Court – to hear a case based on an appeal• Supreme Court – final court to hear a case based on appeals
Jurisdiction• Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in the cases involving – Ambassadors – Public Ministers and Consuls – Those in which a State shall be a party• All crime cases will be trial by jury except for – Impeachment
Treason• Treason is – Levying war against the United States – Supporting her enemies – Aiding and comforting her enemies• Conviction of Treason requires – Testimony of two Witnesses to the same act – Confession in open court
Judicial Review• Judicial Review – A courts authority to examine an executive or legislative act and to invalidate that act if it is contrary to constitutional principles.
The Supreme Court Justices Reagan Appointees• Antonin Scalia • Anthony Kennedy (Conservative) (Moderate)
The Supreme Court Justices George H.W. Bush Appointees• Clarence Thomas (Conservative)
The Supreme Court Justices Clinton Appointees• Ruth Ginsberg (Liberal) • Stephen Breyer(Liberal)
The Supreme Court Justices George W. Bush Appointees• Chief Justice John • Samuel Alito Roberts (Conservative) (Conservative)
The Supreme Court Justices Obama Appointees• Sonya Sotomayer • Elena Kagan (Liberal) (Liberal)
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