Transcript of "Answers to MC Homework Chapters 9 and 10"
Name: _______________________Date: _______________________U.S. HistoryPeriod 3Ms. Gasparik/Mr. PanditHomework:Due November 15, 2012Questions are based onA. Textbook Chapter 9, 10B. Textbook - Constitution (pages 474-488) 1. Part of the reason the Constitution is “a living document” is because a. it is strong yet flexible b. it can be changed easily c. it has very specific details about how the government should work d. it is so vague that everything can be considered Constitutional 2. The due process clause in the U. S. Constitution requires that a. everyone be entitled to to see a lawyer b. a standard set of procedures must be followed before any action is taken to punish persons accused of breaking the law c. police must produce evidence to convict a person of crime d. All sentences given by a judge must have a time limit 3. In the Preamble, the words “We the People” refers to what Enlightenment concept? a. intend to find happiness on earth rather than in the afterlife/heaven b. popular sovereignty c. limited government d. live for the moment 4. Why does the entire House of Representatives have to run for election every 2 years? a. the House represents the pulse of the people and needs to reflect their current concerns b. because all new taxes must originate in the House c. so that we have chaos in politics d. because the House is constantly in need of new idea 5. Only the following can propose a bill that raises new taxes a. a Senator b. a member of the House of Representatives c. the President d. the Speaker of the House 6. Congress can override a veto by a. a majority vote in the Senate b. a ⅔ vote in the House of Representatives
c. a majority vote in the House of Representatives d. a ⅔ vote in the House and the Senate7. Article I lists some of the powers granted to Congress. These include a. power to raise an army and navy b. to grant citizenship c. to declare war d. all of the above8. What does the “elastic clause” provide for Congress? a. allows Congress to change laws without another vote b. provides additional unspecified powers necessary to do its job c. provides nothing as Congress as to stay within its enumerated powers d. easy way to raise taxes9. Under the Constitution of 1787, how many terms can a President serve? a. one b. two c. three d. unlimited10. When the President grants a pardon a. he is vetoing a bill b. dismissing a cabinet member from his position c. telling Congress to forgive one of their representatives d. release people convicted of Federal crimes11. The principle responsibility of the Judicial branch is to a. to keep their jobs for life b. impeach the President c. protect the Constitution d. handle cases involving Federal crimes12. Most cases involving Federal crimes are first heard in which type of court? a. civil court b. appellate court c. state court d. district court13. The authority of a court to review acts the acts of the legislature, executive, or the states to determine their constitutionality is called a. separation of powers b. judicial review c. judicial interpretation d. judicial independence14. The system of checks and balances is illustrated by the power of the legislature to a. grant pardons b. pass legislation c. override veto d. issue injunctions15. What amendment made slavery illegal?
a. 11th b. 13th c. 19th d. 26th16. Because of the commerce clause, only Congress can regulate interstate commerce. The benefit is that a. states cannot tax any imports from different states b. helps create a common market among the states c. allow businesses to grow across state lines d. all of the above17. The Constitution says that states will retain any power not given to the national government. One example is a. states can tax imports b. states can make treaties c. states can issue marriage licenses d. states can maintain a standing army18. Federalism is the sharing of power between the Federal and state governments. Which is not a shared power? a. raise taxes b. register voters c. borrow money d. build roads19. Which Article declares the Constitution as the “Supreme law of the land”? a. Article III b. Article IV c. Article VI d. Article VII20. The Anti-Federalists demanded a series of amendments to the Constitution to protect individual liberties. There amendments were called a. The Northwest Ordinance b. Libertarian Principles c. Freedom on Demand d. The Bill of Rights21. By year were the first 10 Amendments ratified a. 1787 b. 1789 c. 1791 d. 179222. The first amendment guarantees the freedom of religion. Which is not true? a. Congress cannot make any faith the official religion of United States b. Congress cannot favor any one religion over another c. People have the freedom to not have a religion d. None of the above23. Freedom of Speech and Freedom of the Press also includes
a. freedom of symbolic expression b. freedom from lawsuits c. freedom from bad movies d. freedom of thought24. Which of the following is not example of the right to peaceably assemble? a. political rallies b. riots c. protest marches d. parades25. To prevent illegal search and seizures, the Fourth Amendment requires that law enforcement officer get this from a judge a. a subpoena b. a grand jury indictment c. a warrant d. a permission slip26. What does “double jeopardy” mean in the Fifth Amendment? a. You can win double the money on Jeopardy b. You can be sent to jail for twice as long a sentence if the crime is harsh c. You cannot be tried a second time for the same crime if you were found not guilty the first time d. You can no longer serve on a jury27. The Sixth Amendment give an accused person the right to a “speedy and public trial.” What does public mean in this context? a. You can have your friends and family at the trial b. The trial must be covered by the local newspaper c. Documentation of the trial must be made available d. The trail cannot be held in secret28. In the Constitution, Congress is prevented from passing Ex Post Facto Laws. What kind of laws are these? a. laws that do not allow changes to the law for certain number of years b. laws passed for the purpose of punishing a certain person without a trial c. laws enacted to make past legal actions to now be considered illegal d. none of the above29. The 14th Amendment a. gave citizenship to former slaves b. contains the due process clause c. contains the equal protection clause d. all of the above30. The legislative branch has what type of structure? a. unicameral b. bicameral c. tricameral d. none of the above