The Schwadron (IBEX Ribbon)
Retention Theory and its Possible
Impact on a New Astronomy &
Solar System Formation Theory
IB...
Retention Theory
Major Step Forward in Explaining the IBEX Ribbon
in Space around our Solar System Discovered by
NASA’s IB...
Rodrigo A. Ibata – Pancake Structures
in Space – the New Normal
A vast, thin plane of corotating dwarf galaxies
orbiting t...
Convection in liquids – opposite in
Rotation
Convection Cells:
Bénard Convection:
Click
Reference
Click
Reference
Click
Re...
The Solar System – A Convection
Zone(s) ?
Sun Temperature:
6000 Kelvin
T
IBEX Ribbon in Space Discovered by NASA’s
IBEX Mi...
The Axial Tilt of Planets – and why
do they differ ?
• Mercury spins in opposite way as venus.
• Earth spins in opposite w...
Had Former Solar Jet-Streams of the Young
Sun an Impact on Planet Formation,
Rotation and Axis Tilt ?
Nowadays: Sunlight m...
Vortices in Protoplanetary Disks
Laboratoire de Physique Théorique Toulouse
Hydrodynamics of Keplerian disks and
planet fo...
HL Tauri – Planet Formation
Observed by the powerful Atacama Large
Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile
Likely Z...
Speedy Ripples in Dust Around Star
A new video of the mysterious ripples
Lead Author:
Anthony Boccaletti,
researcher from ...
Lumps (Noodles) in Interstellar Gases
Discovered
Lead Author:
CSIRO astronomer and first
author of a paper released
in Sci...
Suprise Find: Oxygen on Comet
Rosetta
Lead Author:
André Bieler, University of
Michigan in Ann Arbor
Rosetta sniffs oxygen...
If Convection Cell(s) Play a Role in
Planet Formation …
• Certain temperatures distribution curve would be
observed in sol...
A YOUNG PROTOPLANET CANDIDATE
EMBEDDED IN THE CIRCUMSTELLAR DISK
Sascha P. Quanz1,2, Adam Amara2, Michael R. Meyer2, Matth...
Magnetism Plays A Key Role
• Mystery of planet forming disk explained by magnetism
http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?r...
The influence of Magnetic Fields in the
Structure Forming Processes
Credit: Hernán Cañellas/MIT Paleomagnetism Laboratory
...
Resulted In A New Discovery Regarding The
Moon’s Magnetic Field”
“The results have indicated that the molten
liquid core w...
New Insights into Boundary Layers
• NASA Van Allen Probes Discover Particle Accelerator in Earth's
Radiation Belts
http://...
Asteroid with a Ring
• Asteroid Chariclo has a ring
• More structures like this expected to be
detected in near future in ...
New Findings on Exoplanetary Systems
• Twin Solar System Discovered:
• http://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-...
Jacob Bourjaily, theoretical physicist at H
University
quantum field theory
Nima Arkani-Hamed, lead author, profes
physics...
Higgs Boson – Vacuum instability –
Galaxy Formation ?
Best answer by Laura Mersini-Houghton: Theory of the Landscape Multi...
Explosion = Energy of 570 Billions Sun
observed
Explosion 50 times more
luminious than Milky
Way:
http://www.sciencemag.or...
astronomer Daniele Malesani
These fleeting eruptions, called blitzars or FRBs
(Fast Radio Bursts), are truly bizarre cosmi...
Mathematical Proof That the
Universe Could Come From Nothing
http://science.slashdot.org/story/14/11/07/1451218/mathematic...
Michael Koss, lead researcher and a
cosmologist at ETH Zurich, the Swiss Federal
Institute of Technology
Mistery Light Kic...
Researchers from the University of Michigan
announced today the discovery of tiny
amounts of water in the moon rocks broug...
The provenance of water and organic
compounds on the Earth and other terrestrial
planets has been discussed for a long tim...
The Pioneer anomaly was discovered by John
Anderson, also of JPL, in the 1980s. For years
he didn't publish what he'd noti...
Further Reading
• No Dark Matter ?:
http://sanfordlab.org/news/press_release/first-results-lux-
experiment-south-dakota
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The Schwadron IBEX Ribbon Retention Theory and its possible Impact on Astronomy Sciences

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Ribbon in Space around our Solar Syxstem discovered by IBEX – NASA

Will it have an impact on the current solar system and planet formation theory ?

Further:
Researchers from the University of Michigan announced today the discovery of tiny amounts of water in the moon rocks brought back to Earth by the Apollo missions were native water, and not water brought by meteors or other objects from space crashing into it. This discovery could in turn invalidate the current theory of how our Moon was formed
Youxue Zhang -

Peter Higgs - Higgs Boson - vacuum instability -
cylcle Universe formation - Galaxy formation
Joseph Lykken, a theoretical physicist at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Ill., said Monday (Feb. 18) at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
A YOUNG PROTOPLANET CANDIDATE EMBEDDED IN THE CIRCUMSTELLAR DISK
Sascha P. Quanz1,2, Adam Amara2, Michael R. Meyer2, Matthew A. Kenworthy3, Markus Kasper4, and Julien H. Girard are currently observing a formation of a protoplanet

Hector Acre Yale University Herbig-Haro 46/47 ALMA Astrophysical Journal
NASA Van Allen Probes

Geoff Reeves
Andrew Hodges, mathematical physicist at Oxford University
Jacob Bourjaily, theoretical physicist at Harvard University
quantum field theory
Nima Arkani-Hamed, lead author, professor of physics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J.
Amplituhedron
David Skinner, theoretical physicist at Cambridge University
Parke and Taylor guessed a simple one-term expression
BCFW recursion relations, named for Ruth Britto, Freddy Cachazo, Bo Feng and Edward Witten.
leading mathematicians such as Pierre Deligne, Arkani-Hamed and his collaborators discovered that the recursion relations and associated twistor diagrams corresponded to a well-known geometric object. In fact, as detailed in a paper posted to arXiv.org in December by Arkani-Hamed, Bourjaily, Cachazo, Alexander Goncharov, Alexander Postnikov and Jaroslav Trnka, the twistor diagrams gave instructions for calculating the volume of pieces of this object, called the positive Grassmannian.
Hermann Grassmann, a 19th-century German linguist and mathematici
Arkani-Hamed and Trnka discovered that the scattering amplitude equals the volume of a brand-new mathematical object — the amplituhedron
Neal Turner and colleagues at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory developped a three dimensional model where magnetism plays a key role in planet formation.
Laura Mersini-Houghton has so far the best theory to answer for the formation of galaxies. The Theory of the Landscape Multiverse The theory and its predictions are derived from fundamental physics and first principles by using quantum cosmology for the wavefunction of the universe on the landscape and calculating decoherence and quantum entanglement among various surviving branches
Chariklo Felipe Braga-Ribas National Observatory in Brazil

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  • Stuartt Corder, ALMA Deputy Director
    Catherine Vlahakis, ALMA Deputy Program Scientist
  • measurements made by Roger Fu of MIT and Benjamin Weiss, also of MIT

    The chondrule grains whose magnetic fields were mapped in the new study came from a meteorite named Semarkona
  • “Moon Data From The Apollo Astronauts Has Resulted In A New Discovery Regarding The Moon’s Magnetic Field”

    “The results have indicated that the molten liquid core within the Moon was supposedly the primary reason for its powerful magnetic field”

    “Weiss a scientist mentioned that such a small core should have cooled off at a rapid pace and removed the Moon’s magnetic field, however the information does agree with him and it’s entirely possible that the magnetic field was generated due to the fact that the solid outer mantle would move with respect to the core. Scientists have estimated that the Moon’s magnetic activity peaked at around 3.56 to 4.2 billion years ago where its magnetic field generated a massive force on its surroundings and could be part of the reason why it is formed the way it is today.”

    “however the new data regarding the Moon’s magnetic field has been contradictory and did not explain why the Moon’s magnetic field was so strong.”
  • KOI-351
    Kepler-78b
  • Andrew Hodges, mathematical physicist at Oxford University
    Jacob Bourjaily, theoretical physicist at Harvard University
    quantum field theory
    Nima Arkani-Hamed, lead author, professor of physics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J.
    Amplituhedron
    David Skinner, theoretical physicist at Cambridge University
    Parke and Taylor guessed a simple one-term expression
    BCFW recursion relations, named for Ruth Britto, Freddy Cachazo, Bo Feng and Edward Witten.
    leading mathematicians such as Pierre Deligne, Arkani-Hamed and his collaborators discovered that the recursion relations and associated twistor diagrams corresponded to a well-known geometric object. In fact, as detailed in a paper posted to arXiv.org in December by Arkani-Hamed, Bourjaily, Cachazo, Alexander Goncharov, Alexander Postnikov and Jaroslav Trnka, the twistor diagrams gave instructions for calculating the volume of pieces of this object, called the positive Grassmannian.
    Hermann Grassmann, a 19th-century German linguist and mathematici
    Arkani-Hamed and Trnka discovered that the scattering amplitude equals the volume of a brand-new mathematical object — the amplituhedron
  • Wuhan Institute Dongshan He
    Wheeler-DeWitt equation
    metastable false vacuum
  • Michael Koss, lead researcher and a cosmologist at ETH Zurich, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
  • The Schwadron IBEX Ribbon Retention Theory and its possible Impact on Astronomy Sciences

    1. 1. The Schwadron (IBEX Ribbon) Retention Theory and its Possible Impact on a New Astronomy & Solar System Formation Theory IBEX Ribbon in Space around our Solar System discovered by IBEX – NASA New Update: 05.February.2016 Largest Explosion ever observed in the universe = Energy equals 570 Billion suns – see Slide 21/22
    2. 2. Retention Theory Major Step Forward in Explaining the IBEX Ribbon in Space around our Solar System Discovered by NASA’s IBEX Mission Reference: NASA Click Reference Click Reference See also: Nathan Schwadron
    3. 3. Rodrigo A. Ibata – Pancake Structures in Space – the New Normal A vast, thin plane of corotating dwarf galaxies orbiting the Andromeda galaxy Pancake Structure seems to be the new normal in space: How can such highly structured Systems be explained ? Credit: Robert Gendler Click Reference Click Reference
    4. 4. Convection in liquids – opposite in Rotation Convection Cells: Bénard Convection: Click Reference Click Reference Click Reference
    5. 5. The Solar System – A Convection Zone(s) ? Sun Temperature: 6000 Kelvin T IBEX Ribbon in Space Discovered by NASA’s IBEX Mission Boundary layer 2.7 Kelvin
    6. 6. The Axial Tilt of Planets – and why do they differ ? • Mercury spins in opposite way as venus. • Earth spins in opposite way as venus. • Earth is the first planet with a moon • Moon rotates in opposite direction than Earth and Mars • Between Mars and Jupiter is the asteroid belt of a failed planet formation. • Uranus is rotating in opposite direction as Saturn and Neptun. • Same is for Pluto
    7. 7. Had Former Solar Jet-Streams of the Young Sun an Impact on Planet Formation, Rotation and Axis Tilt ? Nowadays: Sunlight makes asteroids spin in strange ways Was the magnetic field of the intergalactic space (ribbon of energy around solar system) acting as a boundary layer for a convection zone? Credit: Steve Slivan Click Reference
    8. 8. Vortices in Protoplanetary Disks Laboratoire de Physique Théorique Toulouse Hydrodynamics of Keplerian disks and planet formation Birth of a Star, captured in stunning detail: http://www.latimes.com/sc ience/sciencenow/la-sci-sn- the-birth-of-a-star-photos- 20130820,0,3492846.story “massive jets of gases such as carbon monoxide and ionized oxygen that are shooting away from the forming star at speeds of up to 1 million kilometers per hour (about 621,000 mph).”
    9. 9. HL Tauri – Planet Formation Observed by the powerful Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile Likely Zone for a Gas Planet to Form Stuartt Corder, ALMA Deputy Director Catherine Vlahakis, ALMA Deputy Program
    10. 10. Speedy Ripples in Dust Around Star A new video of the mysterious ripples Lead Author: Anthony Boccaletti, researcher from LESIA (Observatoire de Paris/CNRS/UPMC/Paris- Diderot) in France The outermost ripples are moving faster, and at least three appear to be moving quickly enough to escape the star's gravitational pull. Click Reference
    11. 11. Lumps (Noodles) in Interstellar Gases Discovered Lead Author: CSIRO astronomer and first author of a paper released in Science Dr Keith Bannister Click Reference
    12. 12. Suprise Find: Oxygen on Comet Rosetta Lead Author: André Bieler, University of Michigan in Ann Arbor Rosetta sniffs oxygen around comet 67P Oxygen is usually quick to react with other chemicals. This speaks for a freezing process during comet formation. Happened at the end and beyond solar jet-stream of young sun?
    13. 13. If Convection Cell(s) Play a Role in Planet Formation … • Certain temperatures distribution curve would be observed in solar planetary formation disks (protoplanetary disks). • Probably like this (Draft example) Center of Disk – Temp. Is highest Towards boundary IBEX Ribbon
    14. 14. A YOUNG PROTOPLANET CANDIDATE EMBEDDED IN THE CIRCUMSTELLAR DISK Sascha P. Quanz1,2, Adam Amara2, Michael R. Meyer2, Matthew A. Kenworthy3, Markus Kasper4, and Julien H. Girard are currently observing a formation of a protoplanet Reference: http://www.eso.org/public/archives/releases/sciencepapers/eso1310/eso1310a.pdf
    15. 15. Magnetism Plays A Key Role • Mystery of planet forming disk explained by magnetism http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2014-071 Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
    16. 16. The influence of Magnetic Fields in the Structure Forming Processes Credit: Hernán Cañellas/MIT Paleomagnetism Laboratory Magnetic fields frozen into meteorite grains tell shocking tale of solar system birth http://www.astronomy.com/ne ws/2014/11/magnetic-fields- frozen-into-meteorite-grains- tell-shocking-tale-of-solar- system-birth
    17. 17. Resulted In A New Discovery Regarding The Moon’s Magnetic Field” “The results have indicated that the molten liquid core within the Moon was supposedly the primary reason for its powerful magnetic field” “Weiss a scientist mentioned that such a small core should have cooled off at a rapid pace and removed the Moon’s magnetic field, however the information does agree with him and it’s entirely possible that the magnetic field was generated due to the fact that the solid outer mantle would move with respect to the core. Scientists have estimated that the Moon’s magnetic activity peaked at around 3.56 to 4.2 billion years ago where its magnetic field generated a massive force on its surroundings and could be part of the reason why it is formed the way it is today.” “however the new data regarding the Moon’s magnetic field has been contradictory and did not explain why the Moon’s magnetic field was Moon’s magnetic field was far stronger between 4.25 and 3.56 billion years ago http://www.ctanews.com/moon-data-from-the-apollo-astronauts- has-resulted-in-a-new-discovery-regarding-the-moons-magnetic- field/14287/
    18. 18. New Insights into Boundary Layers • NASA Van Allen Probes Discover Particle Accelerator in Earth's Radiation Belts http://www.scienceworldreport.com/articles/8401/20130726 /nasa-van-allen-probes-discover-particle-accelerator-earths- radiation-belts.htm Credit: NASA/Goddard /Scientific Visualization Studio
    19. 19. Asteroid with a Ring • Asteroid Chariclo has a ring • More structures like this expected to be detected in near future in our solar system
    20. 20. New Findings on Exoplanetary Systems • Twin Solar System Discovered: • http://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid- 10081/151_read-8560/year-all/#gallery/12714 • Mytery Exoplanet That Shouldn’t Exist: • http://news.discovery.com/space/alien-life- exoplanets/kepler-78b-mystery-exoplanet-shouldnt- even-exist-131030.htm
    21. 21. Jacob Bourjaily, theoretical physicist at H University quantum field theory Nima Arkani-Hamed, lead author, profes physics at the Institute for Advanced Stud Princeton, N.J. Amplituhedron David Skinner, theoretical physicist at Cambridge University Parke and Taylor guessed a simple one-te expression BCFW recursion relations, named for Rut Britto, Freddy Cachazo, Bo Feng and Edw Witten. leading mathematicians such as Pierre D Arkani-Hamed and his collaborators disco that the recursion relations and associate twistor diagrams corresponded to a well known geometric object. In fact, as detai a paper posted to arXiv.org in December Arkani-Hamed, Bourjaily, Cachazo, Alexan Goncharov, Alexander Postnikov and Jaro Trnka, the twistor diagrams gave instruct for calculating the volume of pieces of th object, called the positive Grassmannian New Insights into Quantum Physics Physicists have discovered a jewel-like geometric object that dramatically simplifies calculations of particle interactions • “The revelation that particle interactions, the most basic events in nature, may be consequences of geometry significantly advances a decades-long effort to reformulate quantum field” https://www.simonsfoundation.org/quanta/20130917-a- jewel-at-the-heart-of-quantum-physics/ Illustration by Andy Gilmore The amplituhedron
    22. 22. Higgs Boson – Vacuum instability – Galaxy Formation ? Best answer by Laura Mersini-Houghton: Theory of the Landscape Multiverse : The theory and its predictions are derived from fundamental physics and first principles by using quantum cosmology for the wavefunction of the universe on the landscape and calculating decoherence and quantum entanglement among various surviving branches and also see next page… New Galaxy Formation - observed with the Hubble telescope Cyclical Lifecycle of Universe Formation (Joseph Lykke) http://www.space.com/19914-higgs-boson-universe- apocalypse.html?cid=dlvr.it http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment- 21499765 Open Questions: How “big” can a vacuum be, until it is so unstable, that a structure formation process will begin ? Can this instability be the cause for the Galaxy formation process ? Is their a cyclical Galaxy formation process ?
    23. 23. Explosion = Energy of 570 Billions Sun observed Explosion 50 times more luminious than Milky Way: http://www.sciencemag.org/ne ws/2016/01/universe-s-most- luminous-supernova-was-50- times-brighter-milky-way Is this a supernova or a Vacuum instability?
    24. 24. astronomer Daniele Malesani These fleeting eruptions, called blitzars or FRBs (Fast Radio Bursts), are truly bizarre cosmic phenomena. In the span of a millisecond, they emit as much radiation as the Sun does over a million years. But unlike other super-luminous events that span multiple wavelengths— gamma ray bursts or supernovae, for example—blitzars emit all that energy in a tiny band of the radio light spectrum. Fast High Intensity Radio Bursts Link to article Link to article A real-time fast radio burst: polarization detection and multiwavelength Authors:E. Petroff, M. Bailes, E. D. Barr, B. R. Barsdell, N. D. R. Bhat, F. Bian
    25. 25. Mathematical Proof That the Universe Could Come From Nothing http://science.slashdot.org/story/14/11/07/1451218/mathematical- proof-that-the-universe-could-come-from-nothing
    26. 26. Michael Koss, lead researcher and a cosmologist at ETH Zurich, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Mistery Light Kicked Out of a Galaxy http://www.frontlinedesk.com/201411719-researchers-perplexed-mystery- light-kicked-galaxy-black-hole-supernova/
    27. 27. Researchers from the University of Michigan announced today the discovery of tiny amounts of water in the moon rocks brought back to Earth by the Apollo missions were native water, and not water brought by meteors or other objects from space crashing into it. This discovery could in turn invalidate the current theory of how our Moon was formed. The researchers analyzed the mineral grains from the lunar highlands, a region that is assumed to represent the original crust that crystallized from a mostly molten young moon. The researchers, the results of their analysis imply that the lunar core contained water during the molten stage before the crust solidified. This unfortunately does not fit with the dominant theory regarding the Moon's formation, which is that the moon formed from the debris generated during a massive impact with the proto-Earth and any water in lunar rocks was added after its formation by smaller meteorite impacts or solar wind. UM researcher Youxue Zhang Water Found in Moon Rockets Threatens Current Moon Formation Theory Link to article
    28. 28. The provenance of water and organic compounds on the Earth and other terrestrial planets has been discussed for a long time without reaching a consensus. One of the best means to distinguish between different scenarios is by determining the D/H ratios in the reservoirs for comets and the Earth’s oceans. Here we report the direct in situ measurement of the D/H ratio in the Jupiter family comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko by the ROSINA mass spectrometer aboard ESA’s Rosetta spacecraft, which is found to be (5.3 ± 0.7) × 10−4, that is, ~3 times the terrestrial value. Previous cometary measurements and our new finding suggest a wide range of D/H ratios in the water within Jupiter family objects and preclude the idea that this reservoir is solely composed of Earth ocean-like water. Jupiter family comet with a high D/H ratio K. Altwegg1,*, H. Balsiger1, A. Bar-Nun2, J. J. Berthelier3, A. Bieler1,4, P. Bochsler1, C. Briois5, U. Calmonte1, M. Combi4, J. De Keyser6, P. Eberhardt1,†, B. Fiethe7, S. Fuselier8, S. Gasc1, T. I. Gombosi4, K.C. Hansen4, M. Hässig1,8, A. Jäckel1, E. Kopp1, A. Korth9, L. LeRoy1, U. Mall9, 10 Water Found on Tschuri by ESA’s Rosetta is not the same as the Water on Earth D/H ratios ~3 times the terrestrial value confidential
    29. 29. The Pioneer anomaly was discovered by John Anderson, also of JPL, in the 1980s. For years he didn't publish what he'd noticed. Then he discussed it with physicist Michael Martin Nieto at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Data from the Galileo and Ulysses spacecraft suggest the anomaly may have affected them, too. But neither has been far enough from the Sun -- the dominant source of gravity in the solar system -- to firmly distinguish any possible discrepancy from noise in the data, Turyshev says. Galileo was crashed into Jupiter last year, and Ulysses will never go farther than it has. Slava Turyshev at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory is one of a handful of scientists who wrestle mentally with the Pioneer anomaly every day Pioneer Spacecrafts are not where they should have been Then more than a decade ago a researcher noticed something funny about two Pioneer spacecraft that were streaming toward the edge of the solar system. They weren't where they should have been. Something was holding the probes back, according to calculations of their paths, speed and how the gravity of all the objects in the solar system -- and even a tiny push provided by sunlight -- ought to act on them Link to article
    30. 30. Further Reading • No Dark Matter ?: http://sanfordlab.org/news/press_release/first-results-lux- experiment-south-dakota

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