Wind in power2011 European statisticsFebruary 2012    The european Wind energy associaTion   1
Wind in poWer: 2011 european sTaTisTicsContentsExecutive summary ............................................................
Executive summary  2011 annual installations  •	9,616	MW	of	wind	power	capacity	(worth	some	€12.6	billion)	was	installed	i...
FINLAND                                                                                                                   ...
2011 annual installationsWind power capacity installationsDuring	 2011,	 10,281(1)	 MW	 of	 wind	 power	 was	             ...
Wind in poWer: 2011 european sTaTisTicsPower capacity installations                                                2011 SH...
Renewable power capacity installationsMore	 renewable	 generating	 capacity	 was	 installed	 in	                          ...
Wind in poWer: 2011 european sTaTisTicsNet changes in EU installed capacity 2000-2011The	 net	 growth	 since	 2000	 of	 ga...
A closer look at wind power installationsAnnual wind power installationsAnnual wind power installations in the EU have    ...
Wind in poWer: 2011 european sTaTisTicsOnshore and offshore annual marketsIn	2011,	offshore	wind’s	share	of	total	installa...
Estimated wind energy productionThe	wind	capacity	installed	at	end	2011	will,	in	a	normal	               (almost	 26%),	 f...
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Stats 2011[1]

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Stats 2011[1]

  1. 1. Wind in power2011 European statisticsFebruary 2012 The european Wind energy associaTion 1
  2. 2. Wind in poWer: 2011 european sTaTisTicsContentsExecutive summary .............................................................................. 3Wind map 2011 ................................................................................... 42011 annual installations ...................................................................... 5 Wind power capacity installations ................................................. 5 Power capacity installations ......................................................... 6 Renewable power capacity installations ........................................ 7Trends & cumulative installations ........................................................... 7 Renewable power installations ..................................................... 7 Net changes in EU installed capacity 2000-2011 .......................... 8 Total installed power capacity ....................................................... 8A closer look at wind power installations ................................................ 9 Annual wind power installations ................................................... 9 National breakdown of wind power installations ............................. 9 Onshore and offshore annual markets .......................................... 10 Cumulative wind power installations ............................................. 10 Estimated wind energy production ................................................ 11ContributorsJustin Wilkes (Policy Director, EWEA)Jacopo Moccia (Head of Policy Analysis, EWEA)Mihaela Dragan (Research officer, EWEA)Data sourcesBentek Energy PowerVision (formerly Platts), January 2012EWEA, wind energy and ocean energy dataEPIA, solar PV dataESTELA, CSP dataEU-OEA, Ocean energy dataEGEC and Eurostat, Geothermal dataSpecial thanks to:IGWindkraft (AT) – EDORA and VWEA (BE) – APEE and BGWEA (BG) – CSVE (CZ) – BWE and VDMA (DE) - DWIA and DKWind (DK)– Tuulenergia (EE) – IWEA (EI) - HWEA (EL) – AEE (ES) - Suomen Tuulivoimayhdistys ry and Technology Industries of Finland (FI) –SERTFEE (FR) – Jardfeingi (FO) - Energy Institute Hrvoje Pozar (HR) – MSZET and MSZIT (HU) – ANEV (IT) – LWPA (LT) – Ministèrede l’économie et du commerce extérieur (LU) - LVEA (LV) – NWEA (NL) – NorWEA (NO) – PWEA (PL) – APREN (PT) – AREE (RO) –ZVES (SK) – Svensk Vindenergi (SE) - APE (SI) – Suisse Eole (CH) – TÜREB (TK) – UWEA (UA) – RenewableUK (UK)Photo cover: Enel Green Power2 The european Wind energy associaTion
  3. 3. Executive summary 2011 annual installations • 9,616 MW of wind power capacity (worth some €12.6 billion) was installed in the EU during 2011, a similar figure to the previous year (9,648 in 2010); • Wind power accounted for 21.4% of total 2011 power capacity installations; • Renewable power installations accounted for 71.3% of new installations during 2011: 32,043 MW of a total of 44,939 MW of new power capacity; • More renewable power capacity was installed during 2011 than any other year, an increase of 37.7% compared to 2010; • More power capacity was installed in 2011 than ever before - an increase of 3.9%, due entirely to increasing renewable power installations. Trends & cumulative installations • The EU’s total installed power capacity increased by 35,468 MW net to 895,878 MW, with wind power increasing its share of installed capacity to 10.5% (93,957 MW), and renewable capacity increasing its share to 31.1%; • Since 2000, 28.2% of new capacity installed has been wind power, 47.8% renewables, and 90.8% renewables and gas combined; • For only the third time since 1998 the EU power sector installed more coal than it decommis- sioned, highlighting the urgent need for the EU to move to a 30% greenhouse gas reduction target for 2020, to introduce an Emissions Performance Standard, and to end decades of subsidies for new coal build and its fuel; • The EU power sector continues its move away from fuel oil and nuclear, with each technology continuing to decommission more than it installs; Wind power installations • Annual installations of wind power have increased steadily over the last 17 years from 814 MW in 1995 to 9,616 MW in 2011, an annual average market growth of 15.6%; • A total of 93,957 MW is now installed in the European Union, an increase in installed cumu- lative capacity of 11% compared to the previous year; • Germany remains the EU country with the largest installed capacity, followed by Spain, France, Italy and the UK; • Growth in onshore installations in Germany and Sweden, and offshore in the UK - together with continuing strong performance from some emerging onshore markets in Eastern Europe – have more than offset the fall in installations in mature markets such as France and Spain; • The wind capacity installed by the end of 2011 would, in a normal year, produce 204 TWh of electricity, representing 6.3% of electricity consumption – up from 5.3% the year before.The european Wind energy associaTion 3
  4. 4. FINLAND 197 SWEDEN Wind power installed in europe by end of 2,907 2011 (cumulative)2011 european sTaTisTics Wind in poWer: NORWAY RUSSIA 520 n/a*** ESTONIA 184 LATVIA 31 DENMARK LITHUANIA 179 3,871* IRELAND 1,631 FAROE ISLANDS UNITED 4 KINGDOM 6,540 NETHERLANDS POLAND 2,328 1,616 UKRAINE GERMANY 151 BELGIUM 29,060 1,078 CZECH LUXEMBOURG REPUBLIC 44 217 SLOVAKIA 3 AUSTRIA HUNGARY FRANCE SWITZERLAND 1,084 329 6,800* 46 ROMANIA SLOVENIA 982 0 CROATIA 131 BULGARIA 612* ITALY 6,747* FYROM** PORTUGAL 4,083 0 SPAIN TURKEY 21,674 GREECE 1,799 1,629 installed end installed end 2010 2010 2011 2011 MALTAEU Capacity (MW) 0Austria 19 1,014 73 1,084 European Union: 93,957 MW CYPRUS 134Belgium 325 886 192 1,078 Candidate Countries: 1,930 MWBulgaria 322 500 112* 612* EFTA: 565 MWCyprus 82 82 52 134Czech Republic 23 215 2 217 Total Europe: 96,607 MWDenmark 315 3,749 178 3,871 installed 2010 end 2010 installed 2011 end 2011Estonia 7 149 35 184 candidate countries (MW)Finland 52 197 0 197 Croatia 61 89 42 131France 1,396 5,970 830* 6,800* FYROM** 0 0 0 0Germany 1,493 27,191 2,086 29,060 Serbia 0 0 0 0Greece 238 1,323 311 1,629 Turkey 528 1,329 470 1,799Hungary 94 295 34 329 Total 589 1,418 512 1,930Ireland 82 1,392 239 1,631 eFTa (MW)Italy 948 5,797 950* 6,747* Iceland 0 0 0 0Latvia 2 30 1 31 Liechtenstein 0 0 0 0Lithuania 72 163 16 179 Norway 18 436 84 520Luxembourg 1 44 0 44 Switzerland 25 42 3 46Malta 0 0 0 0 Total 43 478 87 565Netherlands 56 2,269 68 2,328Poland 456 1,180 436 1,616 Of which offshore and 0 2 0 2Portugal 171 3,706 377 4,083 near shoreRomania 448 462 520 982 other (MW)Slovakia 0 3 0 3 Faroe Islands 0 4 0 4Slovenia 0 0 0 0 Ukraine 1 87 66 151Spain 1,463 20,623 1,050 21,674 Russia 0 9 n/a*** n/a***Sweden 604 2,163 763 2,907 Total 1 101 66 164United Kingdom 1,005 5,204 1,293 6,540 Total europe 10,280 86,647 10,281 96,607Total eu-27 9,648 84,650 9,616 93,957Total eu-15 8,144 81,571 8,409 89,670 * Provisional ** Former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaTotal eu-12 1,504 3,079 1,208 4,287 *** Figure not communicatedOf which Note: Due to previous year adjustments, 216.03 MW of project de-commissioning, re-powering offshore and 883 2,944 866 3,810 and rounding of figures, the total 2011 end-of-year cumulative capacity is not exactly equivalent near shore to the sum of the 2010 end-of-year total plus the 2011 additions. 4 The european Wind energy associaTion
  5. 5. 2011 annual installationsWind power capacity installationsDuring 2011, 10,281(1) MW of wind power was EU MEMBER STATE MARKET SHARES FOR NEW CAPACITYinstalled across Europe, of which 9,616 MW was in INSTALLED DURING 2011 IN MW. TOTAL 9,616 MW FIGURE 1.1the European Union, similar to the previous year. GreeceOf the 9,616 MW installed in the EU, 8,750 MW was 311onshore and 866 MW offshore. In 2011, the annual 3%onshore market remained stable compared to the Portugal Othersprevious year, whilst the offshore market decreased 377 1,001 4% 10% Germanyslightly (-1.9%). 2,086 Poland 22% 436Investment in EU wind farms in 2011 was €12.6 billion, 5%a similar figure to 2010. The onshore wind power UK Romania 1,293sector attracted €10.2 billion, while the offshore wind 520 13%power sector accounted for around €2.4 bn (19%). 5% Sweden SpainIn terms of annual installations, Germany was by far 763 Italy 1,050 8% 950 11%the largest market in 2011, installing almost 2,100 10%MW of new capacity. The UK came in second with just Franceunder 1,300 MW, 752 MW of which (58%) offshore, 830 9%followed by Spain with 1,050 MW. Italy (950 MW), France (830 MW) and Sweden (763 MW) are followed by Romania (520 MW). MW). Both remain among the 10 biggest EU markets for the second year running.Among the emerging markets, after Romania, Poland installed the second most capacity in 2011 (436 Offshore accounted for 8.9% of total EU wind power installations in 2011. Photo: RES(1) Figures for Russia were not available at time of publishingThe european Wind energy associaTion 5
  6. 6. Wind in poWer: 2011 european sTaTisTicsPower capacity installations 2011 SHARE OF NEW POWER INSTALLATIONS IN EU FIGURE 1.2Wind power accounted for 21.4% of new installations in 2011, the third biggest share after solar PV (46.7%) Nuclear CSP Biomass Waste Geothermal 331 472 234.1 69 32and gas (21.6%). 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% Large hydro Small hydroSolar PV installed 21,000 MW (46.7% of total 606 9 1%capacity), followed by gas with 9,718 MW (21.6%), 0%and wind with 9,616 MW (21.4%). Fuel oil Ocean 700 5 2% 0%No other technologies compare to wind, PV and gas in terms of new installations. Coal installed 2.2 GW Coal Wind PV 2,147(4.8% of total installations), fuel oil 700 MW (1.6%), 5% 9,616 21,000large hydro 607 MW (1.3%) and CSP 472 MW (1.1%). 21% 47%Nuclear (331 MW), biomass (234 MW), waste (69 MW), geothermal (32 MW) and ocean technologies Gas(4.5 MW), each represented less than 1% of new 9,718.3capacity installations. 22%Overall, 2011 was a record year in the EU, with 45 GW of new electricity generating capacity installed, a 3.9% increase compared to 2010.NEW INSTALLED CAPACITY AND DECOMMISSIONED CAPACITY IN MW. TOTAL 35,468 MW FIGURE 1.3 25,000 21,000 20,000 15,000 9,718 9,616 10,000 5,000 2,147 700 606 472 331 234 690 32 9 5 0 -216 -22 -60 -934 -840 -1,147 -5,000 -6,253 PV Gas Wind Coal Fuel Large CSP Nuclear Biomass Waste Geo- Small Ocean oil hydro thermal hydro New capacity DecommissionedDuring 2011, 6.3 GW of nuclear capacity was decom- MW). This hike in new coal power capacity highlights missioned, and over 1 GW of fuel oil capacity was the urgent need for the EU to move to a 30% green-taken offline. Gas decommissioned 934 MW, coal 840 house gas reduction target for 2020, to introduce an MW and wind 216 MW. Emissions Performance Standard, and to end decades of subsidies for new coal build and its fuel.For the second year running, coal installed more capacity (2,147 MW) than it decommissioned (840 6 The european Wind energy associaTion
  7. 7. Renewable power capacity installationsMore renewable generating capacity was installed in 2011 SHARE OF NEW RENEWABLE CAPACITY INSTALLATIONSthe EU in 2011 than ever before - 32 GW, representing (TOTAL 32,043 MW) FIGURE 1.471.3% of all new installations. Since 2008 renewable capacity installations have represented more than half Waste Geothermalof all new installed capacity. 69 32 0% 0% Small hydro Biomass 8.6 234 0% 1% Ocean CSP 4.5 472 0% 1% Large Wind hydro 9,616 606 30% 2% PV 21,000 66%Trends & cumulative installationsRenewable power installationsIn 2000, new renewable power installations totalled GW (53.8%) in 2010, and 32 GW (71.3%) in 2011. 3.5 GW. Renewable capacity installations have been growing almost tenfold over the past 11 years, to 302.6 GW of new power capacity has been installed reach 32 GW in 2011. since 2000. Of this, 28.2% has been wind power, 47.8% renewables, and 90.8% renewables and gas The share of renewables in total capacity additions combined.has also grown. In 2000, the 3.5 GW represented 20.7% of new power installations, increasing to 23.3 EU INSTALLED POWER GENERATING CAPACITY PER YEAR IN MW AND RES SHARE (%) FIGURE 2.1 50,000 71.3% 45,000 53.8% 40,000 35,000 31.5% 30,000 63.7% 46.2% 25,000 32.8% 33.5% 56.8% 20,000 34.4% 12.3% 20.7% RES 38.2% 44.4% 15,000 27.2% 15.4% 21.5% 13.1% 10,000 5,000 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Peat Fuel oil Nuclear Coal Gas Ocean CSP Small hydro Waste Biomass Geothermal Large hydro PV WindThe european Wind energy associaTion 7
  8. 8. Wind in poWer: 2011 european sTaTisTicsNet changes in EU installed capacity 2000-2011The net growth since 2000 of gas power (116 GW), also been increasing installed capacity over the pastwind power (84.2 GW) and solar PV (47.4 MW) was decade, albeit more slowly than wind and solar PV. at the expense of fuel oil (down 14.2 GW), nuclear (down 13.5 GW) and coal (down 10.3 GW). 2011 saw The 21st century sees the EU power sector movinga sharp decrease in nuclear capacity due to the early away from fuel oil, coal and nuclear while continuing to decommissioning of a number of reactors in Germany. increase its total installed capacity with gas, wind and The other renewable technologies (hydro, biomass, solar PV to meet increasing demand.waste, CSP geothermal and ocean energies) have , NET ELECTRICITY GENERATING INSTALLATIONS IN EU 2000-2011 IN GW FIGURE 2.2 120 116 100 84 80 60 47 40 20 4 3 2 1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.01 0 -10 20 -14 -14 Gas Wind PV Large Biomass Waste CSP Small Geo- Peat Ocean Coal Nuclear Fuel hydro hydro thermal oilTotal installed power capacityWind power’s share of total installed power capacity same period, renewable capacity increased by a third over the last decade has increased more than four- from 22.5% in 2000 to 31.1% in 2011. fold from 2.2% in 2000 to 10.5% in 2011. Over the EU POWER CAPACITY MIX 2000 FIGURE 2.3 EU POWER CAPACITY MIX 2011 FIGURE 2.4 Peat Wind Peat PV 1,868 12,887 2,030 46,300 Fuel oil 0% 0% 2% 53,745 5% Small hydro 6% Biomass Fuel oil 4,514 6,019 66,518 Large hydro 1% Large hydro 1% 12% Biomass 121,243 Small hydro 105,552 14% Gas 18% 2,790 Gas 4,845 89,801 Wind 1% 1% 209,953 93,957 16% 23% 10% Waste Waste 2,054 3,804 0% 0% Nuclear Coal PV Geothermal 128,471 159,482 188 Nuclear Coal 924 22% 28% 0% 121,444 230,253 0% 14% 26% Geothermal Ocean CSP 604 254 1107 0% 0% 0%88 The european Wind energy associaTion The european Wind energy associaTion
  9. 9. A closer look at wind power installationsAnnual wind power installationsAnnual wind power installations in the EU have MW in 1996 to 9,616 MW in 2011, an average annual increased steadily over the past 17 years from 814 growth rate of 15.6%.ANNUAL WIND POWER INSTALLATIONS IN EU IN GW FIGURE 3.1 12 10.5 10 9.6 9.6 8.5 8.3 8 7.6 6.2 5.9 5.8 6 5.5 4.4 4 3.2 3.2 2 1.7 1.3 0.8 1 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011National breakdown of wind power installationsIn 2000, the annual wind power installations of the additions. In 2011, this share has decreased to 34%. three pioneering countries – Denmark, Germany and Wind power is increasingly being installed acrossSpain – represented 85% of all EU wind capacity Europe.DENMARK, GERMANY AND SPAIN’S SHARE OF EU WIND POWER MARKET (GW) FIGURE 3.2 100% 0.5 0.6 0.7 90% 1.2 1.7 80% 2.6 3.4 3.8 5.8 70% 5.1 6 6.3 60% 50% 2.7 3.8 5.2 40% 4.3 4.1 30% 3.6 5.2 3.8 4.7 20% 3.4 3.4 3.3 10% 0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Rest of EU Germany, Spain, DenmarkThe european Wind energy associaTion 9
  10. 10. Wind in poWer: 2011 european sTaTisTicsOnshore and offshore annual marketsIn 2011, offshore wind’s share of total installations was 9%, compared to 9.2% in 2010. ANNUAL ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE INSTALLATIONS IN MW FIGURE 3.3 11000 582 883 866 9000 318 373 93 7000 259 90 51 170 5000 9,929 4 8,764 8,750 8,201 7,935 7,526 3000 5,743 5,749 6,114 5,203 4,377 1000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Offshore OnshoreCumulative wind power installationsA total of 93,957 MW is now installed in the European Nine other countries have over 1 GW of installed Union, a growth of 11% on the previous year. Germany capacity: Portugal, Denmark, the Netherlands, Sweden, remains the EU country with the largest installed Ireland, Greece, Poland, Austria and Belgium.capacity, followed by Spain, Italy, France and the UK.CUMULATIVE WIND POWER INSTALLATIONS IN THE EU (GW) EU MEMBER STATE MARKET SHARES FOR TOTAL INSTALLED FIGURE 3.4 CAPACITY AT END 2011 (TOTAL 93.7 GW) FIGURE 3.5 100 Sweden Netherlands Ireland 94 2.9 2.3 1.6 90 3% 3% 2% 84.6 Denmark 80 3.9 75.1 4% Other 70 64.7 8.3 Portugal 60 56.5 4.1 9% 4% Germany 50 48 29.1 UK 40.5 6.5 31% 40 34.4 7% 30 28.5 23.1 Italy 6.7 20 17.3 12.9 7% Spain 9.7 21.7 10 France 4.8 6.5 23% 2.5 3.5 6.8 7% 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 201110 The european Wind energy associaTion
  11. 11. Estimated wind energy productionThe wind capacity installed at end 2011 will, in a normal (almost 26%), followed by Spain (15.9%), Portugal wind year, produce 204 TWh of electricity, representing (15.6%), Ireland (12%) and Germany (10.6%). Overall, 6.3% of the EU’s gross final consumption(2). in a normal wind year, installed wind capacity at end 2011 will meet 6.3% of the EU’s electricity needs.Denmark remains the country with the highest penetration of wind power in electricity consumptionWIND SHARE OF TOTAL ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION FIGURE 3.6 Denmark 25.9% Spain 15.9% Portugal 15.6% Ireland 12% Germany 10.6% EU 6.3% Cyprus 5.4% Greece 5.2% Sweden 4.5% UK 4.5% Estonia 4.4% Netherlands 4.4% Italy 4.2% Romania 3.7% Bulgaria 3.4% Austria 3.3% Lithuania 3% Belgium 2.9% France 2.8% Poland 2.3% Hungary 1.7% Luxembourg 1.3% Latvia 0.9% Czech Republic 0.7% Finland 0.5% Slovakia 0% Slovenia 0% Malta 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30%(2) According to the latest figures from Eurostat, gross electricity consumption in the EU was 3,225.2 TWh in 2009The european Wind energy associaTion 11

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