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    powwer_presentation_Jan2011 powwer_presentation_Jan2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Global.me Training - Session 1: Introduction to the Finnish Society Maarit Lahti POWWE’R ry – Proud of Who We Are
    • POWWE’R ry – Proud of Who We Are
      • intercultural non-profit organisation
      • founded in 2002
      • 4 member working board 8 member advisory board + volunteers and associates
      • participants from different nationalities
      • working with other organisations and instances
    • Empowerment through Activities
      • Clubs, workshops, project and events:
        • Fun in Finnish
        • Creative POWWE’R
        • The Queen of Hearts
        • Media POWWE'R
        • Across Cultures / Colourful Communication
        • Green POWWE'R
    • Our Involvement in Global.me 2011
      • 1 day of training
      • information on Finnish language, society and culture
      • third time involved as one of the training instances
    • Finland in Facts
      • Name: Suomi / Finland
      • Population: 5.3 million
      • Area: 338 145 m²
      • Independent since 1917
      • Government: semi-presidential republic
      • Member of the EU since 1995
    • Finland in Facts, cont’d
      • Religion: Christianity (mainly Lutheran and Orthodox)
      • Official languages: Finnish and Swedish (Sami a recognised regional language)
    • Swedish Speaking Finns
      • ca. 5,46% of Finland’s population
      • 19 solely Swedish speaking communities
      • mainly in the coastal regions but also in other areas
      • bilingual public service
        • right to services in Swedish
      • representation in the Parliament (RKP)
      • Svenska dagen celebrated on March 6
    • Multiethnic Finland
      • 132 708 foreign nationals living in Finland
      • 172 928 people with mothertongue other than Finnish, Swedish or Sami
      • largest minority language groups: Russian, Estonian, English and Somali
    • Sámi people in Finland
      • only indigenous people in the EU area
      • Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian and Russian Lapland
      • own language, culture, flag and Sámi Parliament
      • traditional occupations: reindeer hearding, game hunting and fishing
      • ca. 5 800 Sámis in Finland
    • Finnish Provinces
      • 20 provinces
      • economy and traffic
      • divisions based on historical counties
      • regional cultures and customs
      • dialects
    • Regional Stereotypes
      • Savo: loud, chatty, cunning, laidback
      • Ostrobotnia: rowdy, boastful, violent
      • Kainuu: quiet, depressed, violent
      • Häme: quiet, slow, cautious, persistent
      • Helsinki area: snobbish, rude
    • Åland Islands – ”Ahvenanmaa”
      • autonomous island province
      • ca. 27 153 inhabitants
      • Swedish the only official language
      • demilitarized zone
      • right of domicile prerequisit for voting, owning property and trade
    • Finns and Religion
      • several ”sects” within Lutheran church
      • secular and tolerant
      • state church
      • religion taught in schools
      • freedom of religion
      • can be discussed but with is seen as personal
    • Finns and Politics
      • generally dispassionate about politics
      • political involvement mainly issue oriented
      • party membership rare
      • generally open but convictions considered personal
    • Finns and Time
      • 24 hour system
      • punctuality important
      • Finns aren’t the most flexible of nations
      • deadlines must be followed
      • being late considered very disrespectful and rude
    • Finns and Work
      • everyone responsible for their own performance
      • interaction with colleagues important but usually only during working hours
      • atmosphere usually casual but don’t be fooled into thinking hierarchies don’t exist!
    • Finns and Foreigners
      • attitudes vary
      • stance usually reserved
      • young people mostly open and curious
      • ” not in my backyard”
      • rural areas more prejudiced
      • updated discrimination act in force since 1.12.2008
    • QUESTIONS? We’ll continue with an introduction to Finnish culture after a short break!
    • Finnish Mythology and Natural Religion
      • animism
      • various different gods and spirits
      • goblins, fairies, elves
      • scared animals: bear, waterbirds
      • sacred places
      • shamans and rituals
      • incantations
    • Sami Culture
      • Seita (Seidi)
      • Witch Drums
      • Neljäntuulenlakki
      • Sami costumes
      • Kota (hut)
    • Finnish Folklore
      • melodic oral poetry
      • stories about ancestry, genesis, heroes etc.
      • usually accompanied by Kantele
      • eight-syllabled trochaic with the part-line echo
      • alliteration, repetition etc.
    • The Finnish Folk Epic: Kalevala
      • collected and edited by Elias Lönnrot (1802–1884)
      • mythic history of ancient Finns
      • heroes:
        • wise shaman Väinämöinen
        • skillful smith Ilmarinen
        • feisty warrior Lemminkäinen
      • recount their interactions with one another, the spirit world, the natural world and their northern neighbors, the tribe of Pohjola
    • Sauna
    • Finnish Food
      • Karelian Pasty
      • Rye Bread
      • Pulla
      • Leipäjuusto
      • Kalakukko
      • Cold-Smoked Fish
      • Salmiakki
      • Reindeer
    • Finnish Architecture
    • Alvar Aalto (1898 – 1976)
      • Finland’s most famous architect
      • various international projects
      • functionalism with a humanist flavour
      • unique shapes and material choices
    • Finnish Design
      • Scandinavian style: simplistic, pure lines, interesting shapes
      • Well-Known Brands:
        • Marimekko
        • Hanna Sarén
        • Iittala
        • Nanso
        • Arabia
        • Hackman
    • Finnish Literature
      • written Finnish established in 1500s by Mikael Agricola
      • first novel in Finnish 1870 by Aleksis Kivi
      • Frans Emil Sillanpää’s Nobel prize in literature 1939
    • The Moomins by Tove Jansson (1914 – 2001)
      • adventures of the Moomin Family who live in Moomin Valley
        • Moomintroll
        • Moominmamma
        • Moominpappa
        • Little My
        • Snufkin
        • The Snork Maiden
      • books, cartoons, tv series and loads of merchandise
      • intially created for adults but nowadays a children’s favourite
    • The Unknown Soldier by Väinö Linna
      • the quintessential Finnish novel
      • published in 1954
      • decribes the fates of Finnish soldiers in the Second World War
      • significant role in addressing the national trauma and constructing Finnish national identity
    • Finnish Films: The Kaurismäki Brothers
      • Mika and Aki Kaurismäki
      • Lights in the dusk:
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ouvpguaIfjw
      • LA without a map: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTSXr9xs2fs
    • Finnish Music
      • Finnish music popular
      • Older generations listen to ”iskelmä”
      • Finns a rock nation
      • Several sub-cultures
        • the goths - gootit
        • the hiphoppers - hopparit
        • the rockers – rokkarit
        • the Finnish equivalent of cheerleaders... - pissikset
        • the rockabillys etc.
    • Jean Sibelius (1865 – 1957)
      • the national composer of Finland
      • themes from Kalevala and Finnish mythology
      • Finlandia –
      • ” the second national
      • anthem of Finland”
        • important role for Finns during the end of Russian rule
    • Popular Music
      • Internationally known:
        • Värttinä
        • The Rasmus
        • HIM
        • Lordi
        • Nightwish
      • Popular in Finland right now:
        • Anna Puu, Anna Abreu, Pete Parkkonen… (people for Idols etc.)
        • Lauri Tähkä & Elonkerjuu
        • Juha Tapio
        • Chisu, Jippu, Irina
    • QUESTIONS? Next we move on to Finnish language.