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powwer_presentation_Jan2011 powwer_presentation_Jan2011 Presentation Transcript

  • Global.me Training - Session 1: Introduction to the Finnish Society Maarit Lahti POWWE’R ry – Proud of Who We Are
  • POWWE’R ry – Proud of Who We Are
    • intercultural non-profit organisation
    • founded in 2002
    • 4 member working board 8 member advisory board + volunteers and associates
    • participants from different nationalities
    • working with other organisations and instances
  • Empowerment through Activities
    • Clubs, workshops, project and events:
      • Fun in Finnish
      • Creative POWWE’R
      • The Queen of Hearts
      • Media POWWE'R
      • Across Cultures / Colourful Communication
      • Green POWWE'R
  • Our Involvement in Global.me 2011
    • 1 day of training
    • information on Finnish language, society and culture
    • third time involved as one of the training instances
  • Finland in Facts
    • Name: Suomi / Finland
    • Population: 5.3 million
    • Area: 338 145 m²
    • Independent since 1917
    • Government: semi-presidential republic
    • Member of the EU since 1995
  • Finland in Facts, cont’d
    • Religion: Christianity (mainly Lutheran and Orthodox)
    • Official languages: Finnish and Swedish (Sami a recognised regional language)
  • Swedish Speaking Finns
    • ca. 5,46% of Finland’s population
    • 19 solely Swedish speaking communities
    • mainly in the coastal regions but also in other areas
    • bilingual public service
      • right to services in Swedish
    • representation in the Parliament (RKP)
    • Svenska dagen celebrated on March 6
  • Multiethnic Finland
    • 132 708 foreign nationals living in Finland
    • 172 928 people with mothertongue other than Finnish, Swedish or Sami
    • largest minority language groups: Russian, Estonian, English and Somali
  • Sámi people in Finland
    • only indigenous people in the EU area
    • Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian and Russian Lapland
    • own language, culture, flag and Sámi Parliament
    • traditional occupations: reindeer hearding, game hunting and fishing
    • ca. 5 800 Sámis in Finland
  • Finnish Provinces
    • 20 provinces
    • economy and traffic
    • divisions based on historical counties
    • regional cultures and customs
    • dialects
  • Regional Stereotypes
    • Savo: loud, chatty, cunning, laidback
    • Ostrobotnia: rowdy, boastful, violent
    • Kainuu: quiet, depressed, violent
    • Häme: quiet, slow, cautious, persistent
    • Helsinki area: snobbish, rude
  • Åland Islands – ”Ahvenanmaa”
    • autonomous island province
    • ca. 27 153 inhabitants
    • Swedish the only official language
    • demilitarized zone
    • right of domicile prerequisit for voting, owning property and trade
  • Finns and Religion
    • several ”sects” within Lutheran church
    • secular and tolerant
    • state church
    • religion taught in schools
    • freedom of religion
    • can be discussed but with is seen as personal
  • Finns and Politics
    • generally dispassionate about politics
    • political involvement mainly issue oriented
    • party membership rare
    • generally open but convictions considered personal
  • Finns and Time
    • 24 hour system
    • punctuality important
    • Finns aren’t the most flexible of nations
    • deadlines must be followed
    • being late considered very disrespectful and rude
  • Finns and Work
    • everyone responsible for their own performance
    • interaction with colleagues important but usually only during working hours
    • atmosphere usually casual but don’t be fooled into thinking hierarchies don’t exist!
  • Finns and Foreigners
    • attitudes vary
    • stance usually reserved
    • young people mostly open and curious
    • ” not in my backyard”
    • rural areas more prejudiced
    • updated discrimination act in force since 1.12.2008
  • QUESTIONS? We’ll continue with an introduction to Finnish culture after a short break!
  • Finnish Mythology and Natural Religion
    • animism
    • various different gods and spirits
    • goblins, fairies, elves
    • scared animals: bear, waterbirds
    • sacred places
    • shamans and rituals
    • incantations
  • Sami Culture
    • Seita (Seidi)
    • Witch Drums
    • Neljäntuulenlakki
    • Sami costumes
    • Kota (hut)
  • Finnish Folklore
    • melodic oral poetry
    • stories about ancestry, genesis, heroes etc.
    • usually accompanied by Kantele
    • eight-syllabled trochaic with the part-line echo
    • alliteration, repetition etc.
  • The Finnish Folk Epic: Kalevala
    • collected and edited by Elias Lönnrot (1802–1884)
    • mythic history of ancient Finns
    • heroes:
      • wise shaman Väinämöinen
      • skillful smith Ilmarinen
      • feisty warrior Lemminkäinen
    • recount their interactions with one another, the spirit world, the natural world and their northern neighbors, the tribe of Pohjola
  • Sauna
  • Finnish Food
    • Karelian Pasty
    • Rye Bread
    • Pulla
    • Leipäjuusto
    • Kalakukko
    • Cold-Smoked Fish
    • Salmiakki
    • Reindeer
  • Finnish Architecture
  • Alvar Aalto (1898 – 1976)
    • Finland’s most famous architect
    • various international projects
    • functionalism with a humanist flavour
    • unique shapes and material choices
  • Finnish Design
    • Scandinavian style: simplistic, pure lines, interesting shapes
    • Well-Known Brands:
      • Marimekko
      • Hanna Sarén
      • Iittala
      • Nanso
      • Arabia
      • Hackman
  • Finnish Literature
    • written Finnish established in 1500s by Mikael Agricola
    • first novel in Finnish 1870 by Aleksis Kivi
    • Frans Emil Sillanpää’s Nobel prize in literature 1939
  • The Moomins by Tove Jansson (1914 – 2001)
    • adventures of the Moomin Family who live in Moomin Valley
      • Moomintroll
      • Moominmamma
      • Moominpappa
      • Little My
      • Snufkin
      • The Snork Maiden
    • books, cartoons, tv series and loads of merchandise
    • intially created for adults but nowadays a children’s favourite
  • The Unknown Soldier by Väinö Linna
    • the quintessential Finnish novel
    • published in 1954
    • decribes the fates of Finnish soldiers in the Second World War
    • significant role in addressing the national trauma and constructing Finnish national identity
  • Finnish Films: The Kaurismäki Brothers
    • Mika and Aki Kaurismäki
    • Lights in the dusk:
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ouvpguaIfjw
    • LA without a map: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTSXr9xs2fs
  • Finnish Music
    • Finnish music popular
    • Older generations listen to ”iskelmä”
    • Finns a rock nation
    • Several sub-cultures
      • the goths - gootit
      • the hiphoppers - hopparit
      • the rockers – rokkarit
      • the Finnish equivalent of cheerleaders... - pissikset
      • the rockabillys etc.
  • Jean Sibelius (1865 – 1957)
    • the national composer of Finland
    • themes from Kalevala and Finnish mythology
    • Finlandia –
    • ” the second national
    • anthem of Finland”
      • important role for Finns during the end of Russian rule
  • Popular Music
    • Internationally known:
      • Värttinä
      • The Rasmus
      • HIM
      • Lordi
      • Nightwish
    • Popular in Finland right now:
      • Anna Puu, Anna Abreu, Pete Parkkonen… (people for Idols etc.)
      • Lauri Tähkä & Elonkerjuu
      • Juha Tapio
      • Chisu, Jippu, Irina
  • QUESTIONS? Next we move on to Finnish language.