Global.me Training - Session 1: Introduction to the Finnish Society Maarit Lahti POWWE’R ry – Proud of Who We Are
POWWE’R ry  – Proud of Who We Are <ul><li>intercultural non-profit organisation </li></ul><ul><li>founded in 2002 </li></u...
Empowerment through Activities <ul><li>Clubs, workshops, project and events: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fun in Finnish </li></u...
Our Involvement in Global.me 2011 <ul><li>1 day of training </li></ul><ul><li>information on Finnish language, society and...
Finland in Facts <ul><li>Name: Suomi / Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 5.3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Area: 338 145 m...
Finland in Facts, cont’d <ul><li>Religion: Christianity  (mainly Lutheran and Orthodox) </li></ul><ul><li>Official languag...
Swedish Speaking Finns <ul><li>ca. 5,46% of Finland’s population </li></ul><ul><li>19 solely Swedish speaking communities ...
Multiethnic Finland <ul><li>132 708 foreign nationals living in Finland  </li></ul><ul><li>172 928 people with mothertongu...
Sámi people in Finland <ul><li>only indigenous people in the EU area </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian and Rus...
Finnish Provinces <ul><li>20 provinces </li></ul><ul><li>economy and traffic </li></ul><ul><li>divisions based on historic...
Regional Stereotypes <ul><li>Savo: loud, chatty, cunning, laidback </li></ul><ul><li>Ostrobotnia: rowdy, boastful, violent...
Åland Islands – ”Ahvenanmaa” <ul><li>autonomous island province </li></ul><ul><li>ca. 27 153 inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li...
Finns and Religion <ul><li>several ”sects” within Lutheran church </li></ul><ul><li>secular and tolerant </li></ul><ul><li...
Finns and Politics <ul><li>generally dispassionate about politics </li></ul><ul><li>political involvement mainly issue ori...
Finns and Time <ul><li>24 hour system </li></ul><ul><li>punctuality important </li></ul><ul><li>Finns aren’t the most flex...
Finns and Work <ul><li>everyone responsible for their own performance </li></ul><ul><li>interaction with colleagues import...
Finns and Foreigners <ul><li>attitudes vary </li></ul><ul><li>stance usually reserved  </li></ul><ul><li>young people most...
QUESTIONS? We’ll continue with an introduction to Finnish culture after a short break!
Finnish Mythology  and Natural Religion <ul><li>animism </li></ul><ul><li>various different gods and spirits </li></ul><ul...
Sami Culture <ul><li>Seita (Seidi) </li></ul><ul><li>Witch Drums </li></ul><ul><li>Neljäntuulenlakki </li></ul><ul><li>Sam...
Finnish Folklore <ul><li>melodic oral poetry </li></ul><ul><li>stories about ancestry, genesis, heroes etc. </li></ul><ul>...
The Finnish Folk Epic: Kalevala <ul><li>collected and edited by Elias Lönnrot (1802–1884) </li></ul><ul><li>mythic history...
Sauna
Finnish Food <ul><li>Karelian Pasty </li></ul><ul><li>Rye Bread </li></ul><ul><li>Pulla </li></ul><ul><li>Leipäjuusto </li...
Finnish Architecture
Alvar Aalto (1898 – 1976) <ul><li>Finland’s most famous architect </li></ul><ul><li>various international projects </li></...
Finnish Design <ul><li>Scandinavian style: simplistic, pure lines, interesting shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Well-Known Brands:...
Finnish Literature <ul><li>written Finnish established in 1500s by Mikael Agricola </li></ul><ul><li>first novel in Finnis...
The Moomins  by Tove Jansson (1914 – 2001) <ul><li>adventures of the Moomin Family who live in Moomin Valley </li></ul><ul...
The Unknown Soldier  by Väinö Linna <ul><li>the quintessential Finnish novel </li></ul><ul><li>published in 1954 </li></ul...
Finnish Films:  The Kaurismäki Brothers <ul><li>Mika and Aki Kaurismäki </li></ul><ul><li>Lights in the dusk: </li></ul><u...
Finnish Music <ul><li>Finnish music popular  </li></ul><ul><li>Older generations listen to ”iskelmä” </li></ul><ul><li>Fin...
Jean Sibelius (1865 – 1957) <ul><li>the national composer of Finland </li></ul><ul><li>themes from Kalevala and Finnish my...
Popular Music <ul><li>Internationally known: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Värttinä </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Rasmus </li></u...
QUESTIONS? Next we move on to Finnish language.
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powwer_presentation_Jan2011

  1. 1. Global.me Training - Session 1: Introduction to the Finnish Society Maarit Lahti POWWE’R ry – Proud of Who We Are
  2. 2. POWWE’R ry – Proud of Who We Are <ul><li>intercultural non-profit organisation </li></ul><ul><li>founded in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>4 member working board 8 member advisory board + volunteers and associates </li></ul><ul><li>participants from different nationalities </li></ul><ul><li>working with other organisations and instances </li></ul>
  3. 3. Empowerment through Activities <ul><li>Clubs, workshops, project and events: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fun in Finnish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative POWWE’R </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Queen of Hearts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media POWWE'R </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Across Cultures / Colourful Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green POWWE'R </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Our Involvement in Global.me 2011 <ul><li>1 day of training </li></ul><ul><li>information on Finnish language, society and culture </li></ul><ul><li>third time involved as one of the training instances </li></ul>
  5. 5. Finland in Facts <ul><li>Name: Suomi / Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 5.3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Area: 338 145 m² </li></ul><ul><li>Independent since 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Government: semi-presidential republic </li></ul><ul><li>Member of the EU since 1995 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Finland in Facts, cont’d <ul><li>Religion: Christianity (mainly Lutheran and Orthodox) </li></ul><ul><li>Official languages: Finnish and Swedish (Sami a recognised regional language) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Swedish Speaking Finns <ul><li>ca. 5,46% of Finland’s population </li></ul><ul><li>19 solely Swedish speaking communities </li></ul><ul><li>mainly in the coastal regions but also in other areas </li></ul><ul><li>bilingual public service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>right to services in Swedish </li></ul></ul><ul><li>representation in the Parliament (RKP) </li></ul><ul><li>Svenska dagen celebrated on March 6 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Multiethnic Finland <ul><li>132 708 foreign nationals living in Finland </li></ul><ul><li>172 928 people with mothertongue other than Finnish, Swedish or Sami </li></ul><ul><li>largest minority language groups: Russian, Estonian, English and Somali </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sámi people in Finland <ul><li>only indigenous people in the EU area </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian and Russian Lapland </li></ul><ul><li>own language, culture, flag and Sámi Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>traditional occupations: reindeer hearding, game hunting and fishing </li></ul><ul><li>ca. 5 800 Sámis in Finland </li></ul>
  10. 10. Finnish Provinces <ul><li>20 provinces </li></ul><ul><li>economy and traffic </li></ul><ul><li>divisions based on historical counties </li></ul><ul><li>regional cultures and customs </li></ul><ul><li>dialects </li></ul>
  11. 11. Regional Stereotypes <ul><li>Savo: loud, chatty, cunning, laidback </li></ul><ul><li>Ostrobotnia: rowdy, boastful, violent </li></ul><ul><li>Kainuu: quiet, depressed, violent </li></ul><ul><li>Häme: quiet, slow, cautious, persistent </li></ul><ul><li>Helsinki area: snobbish, rude </li></ul>
  12. 12. Åland Islands – ”Ahvenanmaa” <ul><li>autonomous island province </li></ul><ul><li>ca. 27 153 inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish the only official language </li></ul><ul><li>demilitarized zone </li></ul><ul><li>right of domicile prerequisit for voting, owning property and trade </li></ul>
  13. 13. Finns and Religion <ul><li>several ”sects” within Lutheran church </li></ul><ul><li>secular and tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>state church </li></ul><ul><li>religion taught in schools </li></ul><ul><li>freedom of religion </li></ul><ul><li>can be discussed but with is seen as personal </li></ul>
  14. 14. Finns and Politics <ul><li>generally dispassionate about politics </li></ul><ul><li>political involvement mainly issue oriented </li></ul><ul><li>party membership rare </li></ul><ul><li>generally open but convictions considered personal </li></ul>
  15. 15. Finns and Time <ul><li>24 hour system </li></ul><ul><li>punctuality important </li></ul><ul><li>Finns aren’t the most flexible of nations </li></ul><ul><li>deadlines must be followed </li></ul><ul><li>being late considered very disrespectful and rude </li></ul>
  16. 16. Finns and Work <ul><li>everyone responsible for their own performance </li></ul><ul><li>interaction with colleagues important but usually only during working hours </li></ul><ul><li>atmosphere usually casual but don’t be fooled into thinking hierarchies don’t exist! </li></ul>
  17. 17. Finns and Foreigners <ul><li>attitudes vary </li></ul><ul><li>stance usually reserved </li></ul><ul><li>young people mostly open and curious </li></ul><ul><li>” not in my backyard” </li></ul><ul><li>rural areas more prejudiced </li></ul><ul><li>updated discrimination act in force since 1.12.2008 </li></ul>
  18. 18. QUESTIONS? We’ll continue with an introduction to Finnish culture after a short break!
  19. 19. Finnish Mythology and Natural Religion <ul><li>animism </li></ul><ul><li>various different gods and spirits </li></ul><ul><li>goblins, fairies, elves </li></ul><ul><li>scared animals: bear, waterbirds </li></ul><ul><li>sacred places </li></ul><ul><li>shamans and rituals </li></ul><ul><li>incantations </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sami Culture <ul><li>Seita (Seidi) </li></ul><ul><li>Witch Drums </li></ul><ul><li>Neljäntuulenlakki </li></ul><ul><li>Sami costumes </li></ul><ul><li>Kota (hut) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Finnish Folklore <ul><li>melodic oral poetry </li></ul><ul><li>stories about ancestry, genesis, heroes etc. </li></ul><ul><li>usually accompanied by Kantele </li></ul><ul><li>eight-syllabled trochaic with the part-line echo </li></ul><ul><li>alliteration, repetition etc. </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Finnish Folk Epic: Kalevala <ul><li>collected and edited by Elias Lönnrot (1802–1884) </li></ul><ul><li>mythic history of ancient Finns </li></ul><ul><li>heroes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wise shaman Väinämöinen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>skillful smith Ilmarinen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>feisty warrior Lemminkäinen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>recount their interactions with one another, the spirit world, the natural world and their northern neighbors, the tribe of Pohjola </li></ul>
  23. 23. Sauna
  24. 24. Finnish Food <ul><li>Karelian Pasty </li></ul><ul><li>Rye Bread </li></ul><ul><li>Pulla </li></ul><ul><li>Leipäjuusto </li></ul><ul><li>Kalakukko </li></ul><ul><li>Cold-Smoked Fish </li></ul><ul><li>Salmiakki </li></ul><ul><li>Reindeer </li></ul>
  25. 25. Finnish Architecture
  26. 26. Alvar Aalto (1898 – 1976) <ul><li>Finland’s most famous architect </li></ul><ul><li>various international projects </li></ul><ul><li>functionalism with a humanist flavour </li></ul><ul><li>unique shapes and material choices </li></ul>
  27. 27. Finnish Design <ul><li>Scandinavian style: simplistic, pure lines, interesting shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Well-Known Brands: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marimekko </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hanna Sarén </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iittala </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nanso </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arabia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hackman </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Finnish Literature <ul><li>written Finnish established in 1500s by Mikael Agricola </li></ul><ul><li>first novel in Finnish 1870 by Aleksis Kivi </li></ul><ul><li>Frans Emil Sillanpää’s Nobel prize in literature 1939 </li></ul>
  29. 29. The Moomins by Tove Jansson (1914 – 2001) <ul><li>adventures of the Moomin Family who live in Moomin Valley </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moomintroll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moominmamma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moominpappa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little My </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snufkin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Snork Maiden </li></ul></ul><ul><li>books, cartoons, tv series and loads of merchandise </li></ul><ul><li>intially created for adults but nowadays a children’s favourite </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Unknown Soldier by Väinö Linna <ul><li>the quintessential Finnish novel </li></ul><ul><li>published in 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>decribes the fates of Finnish soldiers in the Second World War </li></ul><ul><li>significant role in addressing the national trauma and constructing Finnish national identity </li></ul>
  31. 31. Finnish Films: The Kaurismäki Brothers <ul><li>Mika and Aki Kaurismäki </li></ul><ul><li>Lights in the dusk: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ouvpguaIfjw </li></ul><ul><li>LA without a map: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTSXr9xs2fs </li></ul>
  32. 32. Finnish Music <ul><li>Finnish music popular </li></ul><ul><li>Older generations listen to ”iskelmä” </li></ul><ul><li>Finns a rock nation </li></ul><ul><li>Several sub-cultures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the goths - gootit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the hiphoppers - hopparit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the rockers – rokkarit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Finnish equivalent of cheerleaders... - pissikset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the rockabillys etc. </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Jean Sibelius (1865 – 1957) <ul><li>the national composer of Finland </li></ul><ul><li>themes from Kalevala and Finnish mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Finlandia – </li></ul><ul><li>” the second national </li></ul><ul><li>anthem of Finland” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>important role for Finns during the end of Russian rule </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Popular Music <ul><li>Internationally known: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Värttinä </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Rasmus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lordi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nightwish </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Popular in Finland right now: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anna Puu, Anna Abreu, Pete Parkkonen… (people for Idols etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lauri Tähkä & Elonkerjuu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juha Tapio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chisu, Jippu, Irina </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. QUESTIONS? Next we move on to Finnish language.
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