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Irish Immigration

Irish Immigration






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Irish Immigration Irish Immigration Presentation Transcript

  • Irish Immigration By Ally Powers, zach rivera & connor ryan
  • Period of migration: • Starting in 1816, Irish immigrants were slowly coming to America • The Irish people heard of the opportunity to farm their own land and make much more money to support their families • When they arrived, they learned of many new opportunities, other than farming and took advantage of those jobs
  • Reason for migration: • In 1845, the Great Potato Famine began sweeping across Ireland • ¾ of the crop was destroyed leaving people without food and money • This caused many people to come and try living in America • 2 million people (a forth of the population) immigrated to America to start over • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=Z23tbYOHHAI
  • AREAS OF SETTLEMENT: • Many of them settled in New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Illinois, Ohio and New Jersey • They settled in big cities because that was where all of the jobs were • Some of them lived on the road, building railroads across America • Many stayed along the coast because they had no money or food and they couldn’t afford to go to far away from the port they came into
  • Ports of entry: • Colonial Period: Before, during, & after American Revolution     New York     Philadelphia     Charleston • Mid -19th Cent. to 1900: Westward Expansion, Civil War and Industrialization Periods      New York      Boston      From Canadian Maritime Provinces by train to the United States      Philadelphia
  • Most of the irish population flocked to cities for factory jobs. North dakota, south dakota, Minnesota and some parts of new england such as- Massachusetts, connecticut & new jersey were mainly effected by irish immigration.
  • Obstacles in the u.s: • The Irish people faced many problems during the time of their immigration • One being prejudice: The Irish were viewed by many as “dirty, lazy, and stupid” • They were blamed for the problems with the economy and were held responsible for the unfavorable views toward American society • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkFqa6je80c
  • OBSTACLES IN THE U.S: Another problem would be the religious issues faced between the Irish Catholics and the many protestant Americans Many verbal and physical attacks ensued, including the burning of St. Mary’s Catholic Church in New York City in 1831
  • The first ghettoes: First Irish immigrants wanted to find cheap land and establish farms in Colonial America Those from Ireland were among the most impoverished who came to America Immigrants who came after the Colonial Period from Ireland were too poor to purchase land Many Irish came as indentured servants for cost of the voyage, followed by about 4 years of servitude
  • Irish Immigration
  • Irish contribution to U.S: • The Irish helped radically in many ways in American history • Nine of the people that signed the constitution were of Irish descent • 19 of America’s presidents are proud to be called Irish • The Irish also contributed to building several railroads, canals, and schools still used today
  • famous irish: Many Irish Americans have helped shape the country into what it is today, the most famous being George Washington, our first president Washington led America through the Revolution and helped build our country’s foundation
  • famous irish: Walt Disney also claimed Irish heritage We all know Disney as the creator of Walt Disney World and a legendary entrepreneur
  • Immigrant labor: Unskilled factory workers- included children Irish males provided labor with railroads, canals & roads War with Mexico and the Civil War provided opportunities for Irish males; during the Civil War, they enlisted as they entered the U.S. at New York’s Governors Island Because they could speak English, young Irish women came as indentured servants to work as domestic servants in the homes of wealthy Americans
  • Famous irish: • One famous actor of Irish heritage would be Harrison Ford • He captivated audiences with his roles as Indiana Jones and Hans Solo
  • Famous Irish: Many more Irish men and women have assisted with our country and made very successful names for themselves, including Georgia O’Keefe, Bill Clinton, Alfred Hitchcock, and many others
  • Fun facts! -In the winter of 1851, hundreds of Irish immigrants arrived in New York City aboard the British ship Montezuma -After months at sea, the immigrants were hungry, thirsty; and cold, But they were lucky to be alive -People called overcrowded vessels like the Montezuma "coffin ships." On average, 15 percent of the immigrant passengers on these ships died while at sea. -Not long after the Montezuma docked, the New York Tribune wrote: "It is really lamentable [sad] to see the vast number of unfortunate creatures that are almost daily cast on our shores, penniless ...”
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY: • http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAEireland.htm • http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/irish-immigrants.htm • http://memory.loc.gov/learn//features/immig/irish5.html • http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/courses/ed311/kafai/Team%204/immigration#anchor2210832 • (http://www.ceolas.org/misc/heritage.html) • (http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/washington/essays/biography/1) • (http://www.irishabroad.com/irishworld/irishamericamag/) • (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08132b.htm)