Female Teachers In History


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Acknowledging women throughout history who served in the office of teacher, whether or not acknowledged as such by their respective denominations.

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  • Way off base; totally unbiblical. / I Tim. 2:12, I Cor. 14:34-35 - Paul did not say this was his opinion. He stated 'If any man think himself to be a prophet or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord'.
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Female Teachers In History

  1. 1. By Apostle Dr. Lee Ann B. Marino, Ph.D., D.D.Apostle in OfficeApostolic Fellowship International Ministries© 2010 Dr. Lee Ann B. Marino. All rights reserved.FEMALE TEACHERS IN HISTORY
  2. 2. Why understand female teachersin history? Women in ministry is not a new happening, but a continuing revelation of God’s work all throughout salvation history It is essential for Christian women to recognize their spiritual heritage and history (Hebrews 12:1); women have a “cloud of witnesses” who have gone on before them in faith and power and set forth the course to where women in ministry are today Women have been called into positions of leadership and authority by God, even if they were not recognized for their specific accomplishments by name In the area of teaching, it is important to see women as competent, equipped, and called of God
  3. 3. Charitina of Amisus, Teacher  d. 304  Orphaned in childhood and raised as if she was the daughter of Claudius, a Christian  Pretty, sensible, kind, and knowledgeable in her faith  Through her teachings and ways of life, she converted many to the Christian faith  Died as a martyr under the reign of the Emperor Diocletian  Revered as a saint in most traditional denominations; virtually unknown and ignored in identity by the majority of Christians, both traditional, and modern
  4. 4. Theodota, the mother of Cosmasand Damian, Teacher  Unknown  Widowed when her pagan husband died, leaving her with two young children  Devoted herself to instructing her sons in the faith, educating them in holiness, and reading them Christian books  Her children, Cosmas and Damian, grew up to be prominent and powerful in faith  Revered as a saint in the Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches; with so much emphasis placed upon her sons, her role in their life is overshadowed and ignored  Very few acknowledge or know of this woman today
  5. 5. Theodora, Teacher  d. 548  Empress of the Byzantine Empire; wife of Justinian I  Started out her early life known as a notorious prostitute and actress  After repentance, came to a place of virtue in her life  Known for her wise counsel and education to her husband as he served as emperor  Saved the throne through her political intelligence and wisdom during the Nika Riots of 532  Revered as a saint in many traditional Christian traditions  Virtually unknown by Christians today
  6. 6. Eustolia ofConstantinople, Teacher  d. 610  A native of Rome  Went to Constantinople to join a women’s monastery, where her strict living and discipline was noted by the sisters  She was sought after as a great teacher by both monastics and lay people alike  Revered as a saint in the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches; with little known about her life, she is unacknowledged and unknown by the majority of Christians and Christian women today
  7. 7. Wiborada, Teacher  d. 926  Born into nobility; desired to become a hermit after her brother entered the Benedictines and she served as his bookkeeper  Even though she sought solitude, her monastic cell was visited constantly by those who sought out her teaching and wisdom  Known for holiness and spiritual gifts, including prophecy  Martyred when invading Magyars of Hungary invaded her Switzerland cell, murdering her  Though regarded as a saint in the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and high Protestant denominations, unknown and unacknowledged in modern times
  8. 8. Helen of Serbia, Teacher  d. 1306  Pious woman interested in passing the instruction of the faith to her two sons; their education in the faith was of the first importance to her  After the death of her husband, she devoted herself to good deeds, work with the poor, and monastic education Received monastic tonsure before her death  Regarded as a saint in the Orthodox Church; virtually unheard of in modern times.
  9. 9. Catherine of Siena, Teacher  1347-1380  Began having various spiritual experiences from the age of six  Considered one of the most brilliant theological minds of her day, despite having no education at all  Worked to heal the Great Schism between the eastern and western churches  Her letters and treatise, known as a “dialogue,” are considered among the most brilliant writings in the Catholic Church  Known as a saint and doctor of the church; reasonably well- known due to this facet
  10. 10. Marie of theIncarnation, Teacher  1599-1672  Married at 17; widowed with a young son at 19  Joined the Ursulines at Tours in 1629  Sent to Canada in 1639, laid the cornerstone of the first Ursuline convent in Quebec in 1641; she rebuilt it when it was destroyed by fire in 1650  Teacher and educator to the Algonquin and Iroquois Indians for the rest of her life  Compiled dictionaries in Algonquin and Iroquois  Beautified by the Roman Catholic Church; not fully canonized; virtually unknown today
  11. 11. Antoinette Bourignon de laPorte, Teacher  1616-1680  A woman who mixed both Catholic and Protestant ideas with her own revelatory ideas about spiritual matters  Rejected by both churches, but followed by many and inspired a large number of followers in her day  Advocate of the inspiration of the Holy Spirit in understanding and interpretation for the believer; advocated and encouraged the believer’s relationship with God  Wrote many letters and books in her day which were well respected and circulated throughout Europe  Refused to establish her own church or denomination as she feared her work would become the foundation of a tradition, rather than relying on the Word of God  Unacknowledged and unknown for her historical role in Christian history and women’s history
  12. 12. Agnes Tsao-Kouy, Teacher  d. 1622  A Chinese widow  Persecuted for working as a missionary and teacher  Martyred by being placed in a cage at Sy-Lin-Hein  Beatified by the Roman Catholic Church in 1900  Of relevance to Chinese Catholics, but still only partially canonized toward sainthood; virtually unknown today
  13. 13. Susanna Wesley, Teacher  1669-1742  The mother of Charles and John Wesley; known as the “Mother of Methodism” due to her influence on her sons  Though she had 19 children in all, only 8 remained alive until the time of her death  Susanna lived through numerous hardships, including spousal abandonment, seeing her house burn to the ground twice; financial hardship; and numerous oppositions  Educated all of her children at home in the contemporary curriculums and developed them spiritually; in starting a home church, neighbors and others began to attend, with over 200 people attending her afternoon services in place of traditional church events; wrote extended commentaries for her children’s education on issues such as the Lord’s Prayer, the Apostle’s Creed, and the Ten Commandments  Regarded as the “mother” of the Wesley brothers; virtually unknown, ignored, and unstudied by the majority of denominations and Christians, both traditional and modern
  14. 14. Marie Magdalen Postel, Teacher  1756-1815  Founder of the Sisterhood of Christian Schools of Mercy  Opened a school for girls at age 18 in Barlfleur, France  Operated school until it was shut down by the French Revolution  Revered by her order, but unknown in general by people today
  15. 15. Elizabeth Ann BayleySeton, Teacher  1774-1821  Wife and mother of four; involved in charity work until the death of her husband  Started an academy for girls after her husband’s death (as was customary for women of social standing to do during her time); ran into anti-Catholic sentiment as she had converted to Roman Catholicism  With the help of the Sulpicians, established Saint Joseph’s Academy and Free School, a school dedicated to the education of girls  After establishing a religious order, also established the first free Catholic school in the United States  Venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church; very well- known among female saints in modern history
  16. 16. Emilie de Rodat, Teacher  1787-1852  Became a nun at Maison St. Cyr when 18  Grew dissatisfied with her situation in the monastery and sought to teach poor children  Began this work in her room at St. Cyr  This was the beginning of the Congregation of the Holy Family of Villefranche  Work extended to the underprivileged, disabled, orphans, and the aged  Was discovered to be a mystic after death  Relevant to members of her order, but unknown by the majority of people today
  17. 17. Henriette Feller, Teacher  1800-1868  A Christian missionary who moved from Switzerland to France to serve the Lord in ministry; she wound up working in the French province of Quebec, Canada; started a church sometime after 1835  The church was later destroyed by fire and she was threatened by an angry mob; she continued on  In 1854, she opened the Institut Feller at Longueuil for the education of girls; in 1840, they expanded to educate boys as well; school formally incorporated as the Evangelical Society of Grande- Linge in 1855; now hailed as the oldest French Protestant church in Canada  Helped found the Societe Missionaire Franco-Canadiene (the French Canadian Missionary Society)  School closed in1967; now a museum and historical site; foundation for several French-speaking Baptist ministers prior to World War II; reunion of students held in 2011 near school grounds  Largely unknown today for her massive contribution to the evangelism of Canada
  18. 18. Annuciata Cocchetti, Teacher  1800-1882  Orphaned at age seven, and raised by her grandmother, a pious woman  At seventeen, opened up a school for the poor in her grandmother’s home  Spent many years working in parish missions  Started work in a Catholic school at age 31; later founded a religious congregation devoted to educating girls known as the Sisters of St. Dorothy of Cemmo  Held retreats for young girls  Known for advising those under her, “Become saints by doing good to the girls entrusted to you.”  Beatified by the Roman Catholic Church; unknown today
  19. 19. Caterina Cittadini, Teacher  1801-1857  Orphan abandoned by her father after the death of her mother; developed a deep spiritual life in the orphanage  Earned a teaching diploma while in the orphanage  Began a Catholic girls’ school in Somasca, Italy; labored to educate orphans and girls from other areas  After her death, her educational institute was transformed into a religious congregation , formally now known as the Ursuline Sisters of Somasca  Received beatification within the Catholic Church, but not full sainthood; acknowledged by the order now founded in her honor, but virtually unknown today
  20. 20. Anne Jahouvey, Teacher  d. 1851  Missionary who found herself unable to commit to a convent because she desired to educate the poor  Had a vision in 1800 of black children and heard the call to adapt her life’s work to meet their needs  In 1807 she and eight other women received their veil and began the work, the Congregation of St. Joseph of Cluny  In 1828, she went to French Guyana to educate six hundred slaves preparing to be liberated  Beautified by the Roman Catholic Church; known among the Congregation of St. Joseph of Cluny; unknown as a general rule by most today
  21. 21. Hannah Whithall Smith, Teacher  1832-1911  Raised a Quaker, Hannah experienced a powerful and profound conversion to the wholeness of faith and became involved with the Plymouth Brethren, Wesleyan revivals, and Holiness Movement  Only three of her seven children lived to infancy; due to scandal, she and her husband never fully reconciled with one another; lived a difficult life, seeking answers and truth  Trained and equipped to become a speaker as part of travelling revivals events; frequently taught on the subjects of the higher calling and holiness  An influential author, whose writings on holiness, the meaning of life, and the higher calling still remain popular today, especially her most popular book, The Christian’s Secret Of A Happy Life  Even though she is known as an author, largely unknown and ignored for her contributions to Chrstianity; unknown by Christian women today
  22. 22. Candida Maria of Jesus, Teacher  1845-1912  Spanish religious sister, teacher, and educator  Founder, the Congregation of the Daughters of Jesus in Salamanica, Spain  A canonized saint of the Roman Catholic Church; known for her order; largely unknown by people today
  23. 23. Frances Xavier Cabrini, Teacher  1850-1917  Though desiring to become a nun at eighteen, poor health impeded this plan, and she cared for her parents until her death, then worked on a farm with her siblings  Appointed as a teacher in a girls’ school by a local priest; held this position for six years  Requested by the bishop to begin the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart, caring for poor children in schools and hospitals; came in 1889 to the United States to work among Italian immigrants  Founder of schools, orphanages, and hospitals all across the United States  Regarded as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church; known among teaching orders; virtually unknown among people today
  24. 24. Elizabeth V. Baker, Teacher  1864-1955  Early life included many difficulties, including a divorce at age 20 due to an abusive marriage; several years later, while married to her second husband (a medical doctor), she experienced a severe throat condition; her acceptance of faith healing caused the end of her second marriage  Worked in cooperation with her sisters Mary E. Work, Nellie A. Fell, Susan A. Duncan, and Hattie M. Duncan in the establishment of the Elim Faith Home, Elim Publishing House, Elim Tabernacle, and the Rochester Bible Training School  Publishers of Trust, a periodical devoted to teaching the doctrines of salvation, faith healing, the Holy Spirit, premillennialism, and foreign missions  Bible school established "for the training of those who felt His call to some special work, but lacked the educational fitness."  Sensitive to the criticisms about women ministers, these women never accepted ordination, yet continued in their work throughout their lives  Un-acclaimed and unstudied in modern Christianity; virtually unknown in modern times
  25. 25. Ascension of the Heart of JesusNicol Goni, Teacher  1868-1940  Inspired to become a teaching nun from the example of the Dominicans who taught her in school  Became a teaching sister at age 17  Worked in a mission to Peru, educating the Peruvian natives living in the forests  Founded a school for girls and nursed the sick  At the request of the head of the Dominican order, she worked with the Peruvian bishop to establish a new order, the Dominican Sisters of the Rosary  Beatified by the Roman Catholic Church and known by those who follow the order she helped to establish; unknown by many today
  26. 26. Joyce Meyer, Teacher  1943-  Internationally known Bible teacher and author, best-known for her television show, Enjoying Everyday Life  Overcoming an early history of sexual, physical, and emotional abuse, as well as an abusive first marriage and life as a single parent, Joyce had a powerful experience with the Lord in the 1970s  Spending many years working on her own issues toward the advance of healing, her teachings and writings are known to facilitate important emotional healing, hope, and encouragement for Christian women all over the world  Has worked in Christian ministry for more than 30 years  Made Time Magazine’s list of “50 Most Influential Evangelicals in America Today”  Controversial figure in Christianity; due to various issues, her message is often distorted or misunderstood, as many fail to recognize her important contribution to women in ministry and Christian women today
  27. 27. Join us! To learn more about women in history, Christian women and their identity in Christ, women in ministry throughout history, and more, join Apostle Dr. Lee Ann Marino (Apostolic Fellowship International Ministries, Apostolic University) for Compass Training™ or History Makers™ Seminars and women in ministry preparation Counts toward degree credit through Apostolic University To learn more, visit www.powerfortoday.org, www.apostolicuniversity.com, w ww.womenofpowerinternational.net, http://powerfortoday .webs.com, http://apostolicuniversity.webs.com, or contact us: apostolicuniversity@powerfortoday.org.
  28. 28. References “Antoinette Bourignon.”  “Hannah Whitall Smith.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hannah_Whitall_Smith http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bourignon  McGee, Gary. “Three Notable Women In Pentecostal “Blessed Agnes Stao-Kouy.” Ministry.” http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=11 http://ag.org/wim/0707/0707_Three_Notable_Women.cf m 84  “St. Candida Maria of Jesus.” “Blessed Anne Jahouvey.” http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=6998 http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=1  “St. Charitina of Amisus.” 418 http://www.antiochian.org/node/16766  “St. Catherine of Siena.” “Blessed Annunciata Cocchetti.” http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=9 http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=57  “St. Emily de Rodat.” 45 http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=181 “Blessed Ascension of the Heart of Jesus Nicol Goni.”  “St. Eustolia of Constantinople.” http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=6 http://www.antiochian.org/node/16872 011  “St. Frances Xavier Cabrini.” http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=278 “Blessed Caterina Cittadini .”  “St. Helen of Serbia.” http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=5 http://www.antiochian.org/node/16801 655  “St. Marie Magdalen Postel.” “Blessed Marie of the Incarnation.” http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=4494 http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=51  “St. Theodota the Mother of the Unmercianaries Cosmas and Damian.” 7 http://www.antiochian.org/node/16880 “Elizabeth Ann Seton.”  “St. Wiborada.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Ann_Seton http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=2102  “Susanna Wesley.” “Feller College.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susanna_Wesley http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feller_College