Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Understanding Intercultural Communication Second Edition Chapter 4 What are the Keys to Understanding Cultural & Ethnic Identities? Stella Ting-Toomey & Leeva C. Chung OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESSPowerPoint Slides Designed by Alex Flecky and Noorie Baig
  2. 2. TODAY’S MENUI. Family and Gender SocializationII. Group Membership: Intercultural Boundary CrossingIII. Group Affiliation and Identity FormationIV. Ethnic–Racial Identity Change ProcessV. Intercultural Reality Check: Do-
  3. 3. An Application Exercise Who Am I? and Who Are YOU?
  4. 4. I. Family and GenderSocializationIdentity: reflective self-conception or self- image that we derive from family, gender, cultural, ethnic, and individual socialization processes. “Social identities” cultural, ethnic, gender, sexual orientation, social class, age, disability, or professional identity. “Personal identities” unique attributes we associate with our individuated self in comparison
  5. 5. I. Family and GenderSocializationA. Families Come in Different Shapes 1. Types of families: diverse types 2. Two family types: personal andpositionalB. Gender Socialization and Interaction Patterns 1. Gender identity: Meanings and interpretations concerninggender images
  6. 6. II. Group Membership: Intercultural Boundary CrossingA. The Process of Acculturation & Enculturation Acculturation: incremental identity-related change process of immigrants and refugees in a new environment from a long-term perspective. Enculturation: sustained, primary socialization process of individuals in their original home culture wherein they have
  7. 7. II. Group Membership: Intercultural Boundary Crossing B. Systems-level Factors C. Individual-level Factors D. Interpersonal F2F and Network-Level Factors E. Mass Media–Level Factors
  8. 8. III. Group Affiliation and IdentityFormation A. Cultural Identity Conceptualizations Cultural identity Cultural identity salienceB. Ethnic Identity Conceptualizations Ethnic identity Ethnic value content Ethnic identity salience Click here to find out about the origin of the Hapa identity.
  9. 9. IV. Ethnic–Racial Identity ChangeProcessA. Cultural–Ethnic Identity Typological Model 1. Ethnic-oriented identity or traditional option: Identifies strongly with ethnic traditions and values, identifies weakly with dominant culture’s values. 2. Assimilated identity: Identifies weakly with ethnic traditions and values; identifies strongly with larger culture’s values, norms. 3. Bicultural identity or integrative option: Identifies strongly with ethnic traditions and also with the values and practices of larger society. 4. Marginal identity state:
  10. 10. IV. Ethnic–Racial Identity ChangeProcess A. Cultural–Ethnic Identity Typological Model 10
  11. 11. IV. Ethnic–Racial Identity ChangeProcessB. Racial–Ethnic Identity Development Model
  12. 12. IV. Ethnic–Racial Identity ChangeProcessmy.blogs 4.2 and 4.3Assess your Cultural Identity and Marginal Identity on p. 78Assess your Ethnic Identity and Bicultural Identity on p. 80
  13. 13. IV. Ethnic–Racial Identity Change ProcessC. Multiracial and Biracial Identity Social identity complexity theory a. Intersection: Compound identity with 2 (or more) social membership categories cross to form a single, claimed identity. b. Dominance: Individual adopts one major social identity. c. Compartmentalization: Shifting of social identity category serving as basis of identification based on context or situation. d. Merger: Deep awareness of the complex multifaceted spheres of identity memberships and the importance of multiple ingroups.
  14. 14. V. Intercultural Reality Check: Do-Ables A. Practice Mindful Listening • Thoughtful attention to both verbal and nonverbal messages. • Check responsively for accuracy. • Involves a consciously competent shift of perspective. (How do things look from the other’s identity perspective?) B. Practice Identity Validation Skills • Use verbal and nonverbal confirming messages. • Recognize group- and person-based identities.
  15. 15. Parting Thoughts. . .He who knows others is learned;He who knowshimself is wise. ~ Lao Tzu