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Industrial Revolution<br />World History: Patterns of Interaction<br />
Industrial Revolution<br />Refers to the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the 18th ...
Why in England?<br />Large population of workers<br />Extensive natural resources<br />Water power and coal<br />Iron ore<...
Business people invested in the manufacture of new inventions.<br />Highly-developed banking system<br />People were encou...
TEXTILE INDUSTRIES<br />James Hargreaves – spinning jenny<br />Richard Arkwright – water frame<br />Samuel Crompton- spinn...
TRANSPORTATION<br />Steam Engine (James Watt)<br />Faster and more efficient steam engine that burned less fuel.<br />
WATER TRANSPORTATION<br />Robert Fulton – Steamboat<br />In England, water transportation improved with the creation of a ...
ROAD TRANSPORTATION<br />John McAdam- macadam roads<br />Heavy wagons could travel over the new “macadam roads” without si...
EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION<br />Size of cities<br />growth of factories<br />Urban areas increasing in number<br />Speci...
EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION<br />Working conditions<br />New jobs for workers<br />Dirty and unsanitary factories<br />Wo...
IF YOU WERE TO BUILD UP AN INDUSTRY, WHAT INDUSTRY WOULD THAT BE AND WHY?<br />
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Industrial Revolution

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Transcript of "Industrial Revolution"

  1. 1. Industrial Revolution<br />World History: Patterns of Interaction<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Industrial Revolution<br />Refers to the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the 18th century.<br />It begins after the Agricultural Revolution.<br />
  4. 4. Why in England?<br />Large population of workers<br />Extensive natural resources<br />Water power and coal<br />Iron ore<br />Rivers<br />Harbors<br />Expanding economy that supports industries<br />
  5. 5. Business people invested in the manufacture of new inventions.<br />Highly-developed banking system<br />People were encouraged by the availability of bank loans to invest in new machinery and expand their operations. <br />Parliament also passed laws that protected business and helped expansion.<br />
  6. 6. TEXTILE INDUSTRIES<br />James Hargreaves – spinning jenny<br />Richard Arkwright – water frame<br />Samuel Crompton- spinning mule<br />Edmund Cartwright- power loom<br />Eli Whitney- cotton gin<br />
  7. 7. TRANSPORTATION<br />Steam Engine (James Watt)<br />Faster and more efficient steam engine that burned less fuel.<br />
  8. 8. WATER TRANSPORTATION<br />Robert Fulton – Steamboat<br />In England, water transportation improved with the creation of a network of canals.<br />
  9. 9. ROAD TRANSPORTATION<br />John McAdam- macadam roads<br />Heavy wagons could travel over the new “macadam roads” without sinking in mud.<br />Railways were also introduced.<br />
  10. 10. EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION<br />Size of cities<br />growth of factories<br />Urban areas increasing in number<br />Specialization in certain industries<br />Living conditions<br />No sanitary codes<br />Lack of adequate housing, education, police protection<br />Lack of running water and indoor plumbing<br />Widespread epidemic<br />
  11. 11. EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION<br />Working conditions<br />New jobs for workers<br />Dirty and unsanitary factories<br />Workers trying to keep pace with machines<br />Harsh and severe factory discipline<br />Emerging social classes<br />Growing middle class of factory owners, shippers, and merchants<br />Workers overworked and underpaid<br />Existence of two middle classes: rich and lower<br />
  12. 12. IF YOU WERE TO BUILD UP AN INDUSTRY, WHAT INDUSTRY WOULD THAT BE AND WHY?<br />
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