Industrial Revolution
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Industrial Revolution

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Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution Presentation Transcript

  • Industrial Revolution
    World History: Patterns of Interaction
  • Industrial Revolution
    Refers to the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the 18th century.
    It begins after the Agricultural Revolution.
  • Why in England?
    Large population of workers
    Extensive natural resources
    Water power and coal
    Iron ore
    Rivers
    Harbors
    Expanding economy that supports industries
  • Business people invested in the manufacture of new inventions.
    Highly-developed banking system
    People were encouraged by the availability of bank loans to invest in new machinery and expand their operations.
    Parliament also passed laws that protected business and helped expansion.
  • TEXTILE INDUSTRIES
    James Hargreaves – spinning jenny
    Richard Arkwright – water frame
    Samuel Crompton- spinning mule
    Edmund Cartwright- power loom
    Eli Whitney- cotton gin
  • TRANSPORTATION
    Steam Engine (James Watt)
    Faster and more efficient steam engine that burned less fuel.
  • WATER TRANSPORTATION
    Robert Fulton – Steamboat
    In England, water transportation improved with the creation of a network of canals.
  • ROAD TRANSPORTATION
    John McAdam- macadam roads
    Heavy wagons could travel over the new “macadam roads” without sinking in mud.
    Railways were also introduced.
  • EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION
    Size of cities
    growth of factories
    Urban areas increasing in number
    Specialization in certain industries
    Living conditions
    No sanitary codes
    Lack of adequate housing, education, police protection
    Lack of running water and indoor plumbing
    Widespread epidemic
  • EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION
    Working conditions
    New jobs for workers
    Dirty and unsanitary factories
    Workers trying to keep pace with machines
    Harsh and severe factory discipline
    Emerging social classes
    Growing middle class of factory owners, shippers, and merchants
    Workers overworked and underpaid
    Existence of two middle classes: rich and lower
  • IF YOU WERE TO BUILD UP AN INDUSTRY, WHAT INDUSTRY WOULD THAT BE AND WHY?