Doctrine of Baptism - Part 1


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Doctrine of Baptism - Part 1

  1. 1. The Doctrine of Baptism – Part 1 What does the Bible say? Or
  2. 2. Scripture Text – Hebrews 6:1-3 <ul><li>Heb 6:1-3 </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Of the doctrine of baptisms , and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) And this will we do, if God permit. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Is Truth? <ul><li>Some people believe: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That ”Truth is Relative” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That ”All Roads lead to Heaven” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But what does the Bible teach about Truth? </li></ul><ul><li>Joh 17:17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctify (Greek - hagiazo) – Make holy, purify, consecrate or separate </li></ul><ul><li>God is looking for a sanctified people (Eph 5:26). The only way we can reach that point is through the application of the Word of God </li></ul><ul><li>Eph 5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. </li></ul>
  4. 4. There Are Not Many Ways, But One Way <ul><li>Eph 4:5 One Lord, one faith , one baptism, </li></ul><ul><li>Faith – Refers to a belief system, and a set of doctrines </li></ul><ul><li>Gal 1:8 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. </li></ul><ul><li>What some religious leader says is truth does not matter? </li></ul><ul><li>What did Paul say? What did Peter say? What did the other Apostles say? </li></ul><ul><li>Joh 12:48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Is Baptism Essential? <ul><li>Witness # 1 – Born again of water and Spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Joh 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Old Testament – Cloud & Sea – I Corinthians 10:2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus Words – Water & Spirit – John 3:3-5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter's Words – Water & Spirit Baptism – Acts 2:38 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary to enter or even see that kingdom of God </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Is Baptism Essential? <ul><li>Witness # 2 – Blood and water from Jesus' side </li></ul><ul><li>Joh 19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Adam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gen. 2:21-22 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put into deep sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rib taken from his side and a bride was formed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd Adam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John 19:30-34 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus gave up the ghost (He died) – In a sense, he fell asleep. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldier pierced his side, and blood and water came forth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We can not be the bride of Christ without the blood of Jesus and the waters of Baptism. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1Jn 5:8 And there are three that bear witness in earth, the spirit, and the water, and the blood : and these three agree in one . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Is Baptism Essential? <ul><li>Witness # 3 – Day of Pentecost </li></ul><ul><li>Acts 2:37 ”Men and brethren, what shall we do?” </li></ul><ul><li>Peter was given the keys to the kingdom of heaven . (Matt 16:19)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Act 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. </li></ul><ul><li>Notice the word ” For ” (Greek – eis )‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means ”In order to”, or ”in order to obtain” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some mis-interpret word to mean ”because of” or ”because you have obtained remission of sins” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mat 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed f or many for the remission of sins. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Is Baptism Essential? <ul><li>Witness # 4 – The Baptism of Cornelius </li></ul><ul><li>Act 10:47 Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized , which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we? </li></ul><ul><li>Act 10:48 And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter (the one with the keys) preached to Cornelius. </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Ghost fell and they began to speak with tongues. </li></ul><ul><li>They were commanded to be baptized. </li></ul><ul><li>COMMAND – Does not leave room for an option. </li></ul><ul><li>” You must be born again of the water......” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Is Baptism Essential? <ul><li>Witness # 5 – Old Testament Types </li></ul><ul><li>Noah's Ark and the Flood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I Peter 3:20-21 – Noah's Ark - ”eight souls were saved by water” ”Like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the Beginning..... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>” Earth without form and void” God moved upon the ” waters ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Result – A new and living world. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Book of Exodus – Children of Israel in bondage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1Co 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt – World, Only way out was ” cloud ” and ” sea ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tabernacle Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brazen Altar – Where blood was shed, and place of repentance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brazen Laver – Priests required to ”wash with water, that they die not” Exodus 30:20 (Type of Baptism)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Place (and Holiest of Holies) – Where God's presence dwelt. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Is Baptism Essential? <ul><li>Witness # 5 – Old Testament Types (Continued)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Old Testament Circumcision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abraham was given covenant. Token of Covenant was Circumcision (Gen 17:11)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you did not observe, you were not apart of God's people and nation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gen 17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant. </li></ul><ul><li>New Testament Parallel </li></ul><ul><li>Col 2:11 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ : </li></ul><ul><li>Col 2:12 Buried with him in baptism , wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Immersion or Sprinkling <ul><li>Many churches practice sprinkling. Many baptize by immersion. What is right? </li></ul><ul><li>” Baptize ” comes from Greek word ” Baptizo ” </li></ul><ul><li>The universal consensus among lexicographers is the ”Baptizo” means ”to dip” or ”to immerse” </li></ul><ul><li>To say ”Baptize by Sprinkling”, is to try to say, ”Immersion by Sprinkling” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Scriptural Evidence <ul><li>A) Buried with Him in Baptism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Romans 6:4 - ”We are buried with Him by baptism into death” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colossians 2:12 - ”Buried with Him in baptism” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Buried is not performed by sprinkling, but by being completely submerged. </li></ul><ul><li>B) The Baptism of Jesus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matthew 3:16 – Jesus went up ”straightway out of the water” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It could mean when he was pulled upright out of the water. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or when he left the water and stepped on dry ground. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Either way this supports immersion, because Jesus would definitely not wade out into the water to be sprinkled. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Scriptural Evidence <ul><li>C) The Baptism of the Ethiopian Eunuch </li></ul><ul><li>Act 8:38 And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water , both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him . </li></ul><ul><li>Act 8:39 And when they were come up out of the water , the Spirit of the Lord caught away Philip, that the eunuch saw him no more: and he went on his way rejoicing. </li></ul><ul><li>Why would they do that? </li></ul><ul><li>They needed to come down into a place where there was enough water for baptism by immersion. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Early Leaders, Reformers and Church Fathers <ul><li>a. Martin Luther, “Those who are baptized should be deeply immersed.” </li></ul><ul><li>b. John Wesley (on Rom. 6:4), “Buried with him, alluding to the ancient practice of baptizing by immersion. </li></ul><ul><li>c. Adam Clark , “They received baptism as an emblem of death in voluntarily going under the water.” </li></ul><ul><li>d. John Calvin , “The word baptize signifies to immerse, and it is certain that the rite of immersion was observed by the ancient church” </li></ul><ul><li>e. Eusebius (the “father of church history”), “The first instance on ecclesiastical record of pouring or sprinkling is that of Novatian in the year 251. He (Novatian) fell into a grievous distemper, and, it being supposed that he would die immediately, he received baptism, being sprinkled with water on the bed whereon he lay, if that can be termed baptism” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Secular and Religious References <ul><li>a. A Summary of Christian History : “Sprinkling did not become the general after the ninth century.” </li></ul><ul><li>b. Christianity Through the Centuries: “Immersion seems to have been widely practiced during the first century. Baptism was normally by immersion.” </li></ul><ul><li>c. Liberty Bible Commentary: “The use of baptized indicates the form of baptism as immersion, of dipping or dunking into water.” </li></ul><ul><li>d. Funk and Wagnall’s New Standard Encyclopedia: “It is indisputable that at a very early period the ordinary mode of baptism was by immersion.” </li></ul><ul><li>e. The American Peoples Encyclopedia: “In the manner of baptism there is little doubt that the original practice was immersion.” </li></ul><ul><li>f. The National Encyclopedia: “With the Jews the bathing of the whole body in clear, cold water was a recognizable means of restoration from a state of ceremonial uncleanness. According to rabbinical teachings, even before the temple, baptism was an absolutely necessary condition to be fulfilled by each proselyte to the Jewish faith.” </li></ul><ul><li>g. The Standard American Encyclopedia: “In the primitive church the person baptized was dipped.” </li></ul><ul><li>h. The World Book Encyclopedia: “In early times, baptism was by complete immersion.” </li></ul><ul><li>i. The Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words: “Baptisma” – baptism, consisting of the processes of immersion, submersion, and emergence.” </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Doctrine of Baptism – Part 1 What does the Bible say? Or