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Emigrant indians in Franklin County


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A collection of photos of native Americans relocated to Franklin County between 1830 and 1860.

A collection of photos of native Americans relocated to Franklin County between 1830 and 1860.

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  • 1. Emigrant Tribes
  • 2. By the 1830s, the world of thenative Kanza and Osage tribes changed. Their land was no longer theirown. Native groups all aroundthe East and Midwest had beendefeated and pushed from their land by incoming Europeansettlers. The question was what to do with these eastern Indians. An idea was to create a Permanent Indian Frontier in what is now eastern Kansas and Oklahoma. It was hopedthat Indians located here would be undisturbed by white settlers and the alcohol trade. But that didn’t happen.
  • 3. Large and small bands of Indians from the Great Lakes to Florida wereremoved to this Indian Territory. TheCherokees called their brutal removal journey “The Trail of Tears” and thePottawatomies called theirs “The Trail of Death.”
  • 4. Several native groups were relocated to the area now known as Franklin County: Ottawas, Chippewas, Munsees, Sac and Fox,Pottawatomies, Shawnees, Peorias,Piankeshaws, Kaskaskias and Weas.
  • 5. The Chippewas of Black River and Swan Creek (Michigan)Ash-E-Taa-Na-Quet or Clear Sky (Francis McCoonse)
  • 6. Ka-pah-us-ke,(Robert McCoonse) Grandson of theOld Chippewa Chief In his youth, he was sent to school in Nazareth, PA by the Moravian missionaries. He’s wearing his uniform above.
  • 7. Mary Alice McCoonse,Chippewa, right, dressed to go to school at Haskell Institute in Lawrence, KS. Her little sister, Matilda Maria, is left.
  • 8. The Sac and Fox of the Mississippi
  • 9. Sac Chief Keokuk, or the Watchful Fox
  • 10. Keokuk’s son, Wa-som-e-saw called the Reverend Moses Keokuk in later life.Sac and Fox
  • 11. Op-po-noos or Appanoose or Appan-oze-o-ke-mar(The Hereditary Chief, or He Who Was a Chief When a Child)
  • 12. Appanoose Sac and FoxRight is a printof a painting of Appanoose made by George Bird King
  • 13. Twounidentified Sac and Fox men photographedby A.W. Barker.
  • 14. Two examples of Sac and Fox barkhouses—one in Franklin County and one in Oklahoma.
  • 15. The MunseesWilliam Henry Kilbuck
  • 16. Munsee John Henry Kilbuck, Moravian missionary to Alaska
  • 17. In 1900, the Chippewas and Munseeswere given their land individually, and the tribes were dissolved. The two groups posed for a final photograph.
  • 18. The Illinois and Wabash Bands The Peoria, Kaskaskia, Piankeshaw and Wea Chief Baptiste Peoria
  • 19. The Ottawas of Blanchard’s Fork, Roche de Boeuf,and Ocquanoxcey’s Village
  • 20. Ottawa Chief Pah-Tee (John Wilson) 1813-April 9, 1870Died on the journey to Oklahoma at Osage Mission
  • 21. Che-quah, OttawaMedicine Woman(Aunt Jane Phelps) 1766-1886
  • 22. Ottawa Chief Ko-twah-wun (Joseph Badger King) 1822-1915
  • 23. Na-qua ke-zhick--Noonday (William Hurr), trustee of OttawaUniversity, translator for Sac & Fox
  • 24. The route of the Ottawa fromthe Great Lakes through Ohio to Kansas and then Oklahoma
  • 25. By 1900, all the Nations had been relocated to Oklahoma except theMunsees and Chippewas, whose tribal organizations were terminated.