Website News Credibility

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  • 1. Website News Credibility & The Future of the Print Media in Egypt: survey research. By: Dr. Wail Ismail A. Barry
  • 2. Introduction Development of Communication Theory: 1. Information Flow 2. Social Psychology 3. Symbolic Analysis 4. Interdisciplinary Communication Research. Manuel Castells: The Enlightenment Tradition of Critical Emancipatory of Social Science. Y. Habermas: The Communicative Action, the Public Sphere M. Poster: Synergism and Pluralism VS. Fragmentation. P. Bourdieu: The new shape of the society and the epistemological dimension. The French School of: Leyotard, Deleuze, Dreida, Foucault: The triangle of Culture, Communication and Anthropology
  • 3. New Methods
    • Textual Analysis
    • Contextual Analysis
    • Ethnographic Research Methodology
    • Futuristic Methods:
    • Extrapolation
    • Growth Analogies
    • Trend Correlation
    • Dynamic Forecasting
    • Linear Projection
    • Applications.
    • The Annual Aspen Institute Report on Info. Tech.
    • The Home Net Overview Study, Residential Internet Use, USA
    • Internet Connectedness Index
    • Credibility Index
  • 4. Research Problem
    • 1. The increasing number of Website news readers.
    • 2. Low circulation figures.
    • 3. Competition between space TV channels and the print media.
    • 4. Searching for Credible news sources rather than national newspapers.
    • 5. Content diversity and interactivity
    • 5. The emergence of the weblog journalism.
    • Challenges for the Print Media:
    • 1. News Credibility is a core issue in Egypt and the Arab World.
    • 2. The audience seeks for knowledge.
    • 3. Enough of traditional media content.
  • 5. Research Questions
    • 1. What are the attitudes of the Egyptian audience towards news websites?
    • 2. What are the new credibility’s criteria?
    • 3. What are the major future issues?
  • 6. Theoretical Framework
    • Media Dependency
    • “ The Communication Infrastructure.”
    • Uses and Gratifications:
    • Cognitive, epistemological and Behavioristic
    • Major Operational Concepts:
    • Interactivity
    • Credibility
  • 7. Methodology
    • Main Objective:
    • The study seeks for studying the relationship between website news credibility and the future of the print media in Egypt.
    • Type of Study: descriptive, analytical and exploratory.
    • Method: Survey Research.
    • Sample: Non Probability purposive.
    • Tools: Structured Questionnaire, Observation, Textual analysis.
  • 8. Hypotheses
    • News Websites are more credibile than the print media.
    • There is a negative correlation between website news diversity and the print media readership.
    • There is a positive relationship between the credibility of news websites and audiences’ cognitive knowledge.
  • 9. Statistical treatment
    • Descriptive Tests
    • Correlation Coefficient
    • Chi Square
    • Degree of Freedom
    • Power of Significance
    • Bi- Correlation (Spearman).
  • 10. Major Results
    • News websites are more credible than the print media because of:
    • Diversity of the media content and audiences’ choices. This would, in turn, makes the Egyptian audience rethink of the future of the print media and affect their attitudes as well.
    • Visual and audio applications of the news websites add more impacts on the audiences’ realizations of the issue of credibility.
    • Timeliness, interactivity and easiness of use of news websites affect the low figures of the print media circulation in Egypt.
    • News websites are important plaza for expressing views and opinions openly rather than done in the print media.
    • Freedom of the press in Egypt faces a big challenge.
    • The three hypotheses were proven.
  • 11. Discussion
    • Variables of Credibility:
    • Objectivity
    • Unbiased
    • Interest
    • Easiness
    • Clarity
    • Coherence
    • Accuracy
    • Timeliness
    • Importance
    • Comprehensiveness
  • 12. Conclusions & Implications
    • News websites are more credible than the print media in Egypt.
    • Freedom of the press should be at the core discussion.
    • There is a need for developing online journalistic research methods.
    • The elite society in Egypt should consider the new imperatives:
    • Internet Connectedness Index
    • Credibility Index
    • Rating research
    • Residential online media use
    • Thank You