20110902 green practices for BC433 BU

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  • 1. 1Green Practices<BC433/BU> . http://www.NSTDAacademy.com pornprom [dot] ateetanan [at] nstda [dot] or [dot] th @pornprom http://www.facebook.com/pornprom.ateetanan http://www.linkedin.com/in/Pornprom http://www.slideshare.net/pornprom . . 2
  • 2.  …ƒ†‡› …ƒ†‡› ƒ ƒ†˜ƒ…‡† –”ƒ‹‹‰ ƒ” ‘ˆ–Š‡  ™ƒ• ‡•–ƒ„Ž‹•Š‡† ™‹–Š ƒ •–”‘‰‹–‡–‹‘ –‘ ™‡ƒ˜‡ ’”ƒ…–‹…ƒŽ   ‘™Ž‡†‰‡‹–‘ –Š‡ Šƒ‹ •‘…‹‡–› 3 Š”‡‡ Žƒ‰•Š‹’ ‡”˜‹…‡• š‡…—–‹˜‡ †—…ƒ–‹‘ ”‘‰”ƒ ”‡‡ ”ƒ…–‹…‡• ”‘‰”ƒ ”‘ˆ‡••‹‘ƒŽ –ƒ†ƒ”† ••‡••‡– šƒ‹ƒ–‹‘   ƒ• ƒ –‘‘Ž ˆ‘” ‹’”‘˜‹‰ ƒ—ˆƒ…–—”‹‰ ‡”˜‹…‡• ‡…–‘” • ”‘†—…–‹˜‹–› 4
  • 3. Green Biz Generation Going Green: Sustainable Development1. Green Biz2. Carbon Footprint 1. Individual 2. Products 3. Organization3. Green ICT 5 Green Biz Generation Going Green: Sustainable Development 6
  • 4. 78
  • 5. Today and Future…. Solution: Need to go Green Environmental Improvement 9 Global TrendsPast FutureGrowth development Sustainable development Brand ( 10
  • 6. Low-Carbon Society• (Low-Carbon Society) (Mass Consumption)• “Low Carbon Society” 11 Low carbon society• co2 co2 • • • • • • 12
  • 7. / • • 83% • 46% • 72% carbon footprint • • 13 Colorful Ocean• "Colorful Ocean Strategy & Green Industry" AEC • http://greenoceanstrategy.blogspot.com/• 3 • • 3 3 • - • • http://greenoceanstrategy.blogspot.com/2011/06/3.html 14
  • 8. Red – Blue – Green Ocean Strategy• 3 • Five Forces Model (stakeholder) • Value Innovation •••• 15 3P Profit Planet People ^   16
  • 9. Product Life Cycle Thinking The life cycle of a product – and closing the loopEco-Eco-Design: Improve /Develop process & product & • • • • • • • • • • • • 18
  • 10. LCM Objectives, anagement LevelMa Strategies, Systems, Tools 19 20
  • 11. Packaging Waste 20 2537 11 2547 3R +6 100 ppm0.01 % 21 Ecolabel 1- 2-Self-declared EnvironmentalClaims- ISO 14021 3-- (full-LCA)- 22
  • 12. Eco-Eco-label Type II 23Eco-Eco-label Type III 24
  • 13. (Green Label) 25 (Carbon Reduction Label) "CarbonReduction Label" . .2548 ( ) . .2550 26
  • 14. 5 5 . 27 (Carbon footprint)Carbon Footprint “ ” TGO MTEC
  • 15. What is Carbon footprint? 29 (Eco Label Type 2)Website: www.Thaiecoproduct.com 30
  • 16. Thailand Eco-Products Directory 2009 Eco-Published by1. FTI (Federation of Thai Industry)2. DEQP (Department of Environmental Quality Promotion)3. MTEC (Excellent Center on EcoProduct Development: XCEP)4. TEI (Thailand Environment Institute)Cover 307 products and 145 services 452) (total 452) 31 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) LCA(Source: SETAC: www.setac.org) 32
  • 17. Definition of Eco-efficiency WBCSD defines Eco-efficiency as : "competitively priced goods and services that satisfy human needs and bring quality of life while progressively reducing environmental impacts of goods and resource intensity throughout the entire life-cycle to a level at least in line with the Earths estimated carrying capacity." Source: World Business Council for Sustainable Development 33 What is Eco- efficiency Indicator ? Value, Long Life, Aesthetic, Safeness, Convenience… PerformanceEco- = efficiency CO2 Emission, Energy Impact Consumption, Land Use, Toxicity… Source: Atsushi INABA (AIST, Japan) 34
  • 18. 35Example: Jug kettle 36
  • 19. 1. 2. 3. : CF 1. : CFP 2. : CFO 37 (weather) (climate) 30 (climate change) 3 8: : & , , , 24 . .54
  • 20. ( ) (Greenhouse Gases) (Greenhouse Effect) 39....... : 40 40 : & , , , 24 . .54
  • 21. 41 : & , , , 24 . .54 4% 7% 3% 12% 21% 3% 65% 6% = 229.3 Mt. CO2 eq - LULUCF = -7.9 Mt.CO2 eq: 42 : & , , , 24 . .54
  • 22. GHG (Kyoto Protocol) 6 :1.Carbon dioxide2.Methane3.Nitrous Oxide4.Hydrofluorocarbons5.Perfluorocarbons6.Sulphur Hexafluoride (Montreal Protocol) Chlorofluorocarbons 43 (Global Warming Potential : GWP) CO2 CO2 GWH Atmospheric Lifetime, AR4 Years (2007) CO2 Carbondioxide 1 - CH4 Methane 25 12 N2O Nitrous Oxide 298 112 HFCs Hydrofluorocarbons 124-14,800 1.4-270 PFCs Perfluorocarbons 7,8390-12,200 <1,000 – 50,000 SF6 Sulphur Hexafluoride 22,800 3,200 44. , ., CFO, 22 . . 54
  • 23. GHG Flow Diagram: Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions CO2 77 % Etc. 1 % Methane 14 % N2O 8% 45 Carbon footprint , 46 Carbon footprint ,
  • 24. Carbon Footprint ( ) ( kg CO2 equivalent ) (Tons CO2equivalent) 47 Carbon footprint ,(Carbon Footprint)1.2. (Carbon Footprint of Products)3. (Carbon Footprint of Organizations) , , 48
  • 25. 15.3-5.5 / / , , 49 http://thaicfcalculator.tgo.or.th/index.html 50
  • 26. 2 (Carbon Footprint of Products) (CO2eq) , , 513 (CarbonFootprint ofOrganization)(Greenhouse gasemissions and removals)( ) , , 52
  • 27. Carbon Footprint of Product: CFP • (Life Cycle Assessment: LCA) • CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6 53Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th 54Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th
  • 28. CFP 55Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th CFP ( ) TGO . . 56Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th
  • 29. 1 100% cotton 2 - 325 cc 3 Line TULC 4 (Ceramic Tiles) 5 100% (Brand RU) 6 ( ) 7 8 ( ) 9 (Meat Stick) 10 ( ) 11 ( ) 12 100 % 13 ( ) (Axminster Carpet) 14 15 recycle 16 ( ) A4 17 18 19 20 21 ( ) 22 Cup 16 02 PP 23 24 25 ( ) 57 CFP 58 58Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th
  • 30. CFP 59Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th CFP 60Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th
  • 31. Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th CFP 61 CFP 62Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th
  • 32. CFP 63Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th CFP Economic Allocation 64Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco-Energy (ECEE), pharnpon@engr.tu.ac.th
  • 33. (Global Warming Potential : GWP) CO2 CO2 GWH Atmospheric Lifetime, AR4 Years (2007) CO2 Carbondioxide 1 - CH4 Methane 25 12 N2O Nitrous Oxide 298 112 HFCs Hydrofluorocarbons 124-14,800 1.4-270 PFCs Perfluorocarbons 7,8390-12,200 <1,000 – 50,000 SF6 Sulphur Hexafluoride 22,800 3,200 65. , ., CFO, 22 . . 54 [ CFO ]1. (Control Approach) 1. • / / 2. • /2. (Equity Share) • 66
  • 34. 67 CFO• • • • = X 68
  • 35. CO2 emission emission factor activity data Activity dataEmission factor Activitydata , , 69 Activity data - (kWh) - (kg) (ton) - (l) - (km) - , , 70
  • 36. Emission factor Activity data 1.3 kg CO2e/kg (Sanitary Landfill) 0.8421 kgCO2e/kg Biogas 1 gCH4/kg Septic system 0.30 kg CH4/kg BOD , , 71 emission factor http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/vol5.html , , 72
  • 37. 1. Activity data emission factor2.3. , , 73 50 kgCO2e, 20 tCO2e 74
  • 38. CO2 Emission (kWh) 0.5610 kgCO2e/kWhCO2 Emission (l) 3.0 kgCO2e/l 75CO2 emission = activity data x emission factorCO2 . . 2552 5000 Emission Factor 2.68 . CO2/ CO2 emission = activity data x emission factor ( ) = 5000 X 2.68 . CO2/ = 13 400 CO2 = 13.4 CO2 Carbon footprint , 76
  • 39. CO2 Emission Activity Scope ^ K  ^ ^ ^  Carbon footprint , 77 Emission Factors  & 8.82 kg CO2e/kg BOD SF6 23,900 kg CO2e/kg Nitrous Oxide 0.296 MT CO2e/kg Isoflurane 0.350 MT CO2e/kg Desflurane 0.575 MT CO2e/kg Sevoflurane 1.526 MT CO2e/kg CO2 1 kg CO2e/kg 0.5610 kg CO2e/kWh 0.13 kgCO2e/km ( ) 29.4 kgCO2/100 km ( ) 105.3 kgCO2/100 km: , GHG Protocol, IPCC Carbon footprint , 78
  • 40.  & 2.6 kg CO2e/L 3 kg CO2e/L ( ) 2.93 kg CO2e/L NGV 0.24 kg CO2e/L LPG 1.8 kg CO2e/L 0.061 km CO2e/MJ( ) 1.3 kg CO2e/kg CH4 126 kg CO2e/Gg waste incineration NO2 12.71 kgCO2e/ton waste incineration 0.8421 kg CO2e/kg CH4 0.084 kg CO2e/kg waste treated NO2 0.093 kg CO2e/kg waste treated Biogas 0.021 kg CO2e/kg waste treated CH4 0.315 kg CO2e/Gg waste incineration NO2 0.032 kgCO2e/ton waste incineration 0.0494 kg CO2e/ton-km 3.78 kg CO2e/kg BOD 6.30 kg CO2e/kg BOD Carbon footprint , 79 CFO 80
  • 41. 8182
  • 42. 83Green IT .2552 84
  • 43. • ICT Green IT ( Green ICT)• Green IT Green ICT 85 ICT for Environment (ITU, 2008) Green IT CSR ISO 20006 - - - - ( carbon footprint) - - - - - 86
  • 44. Green IT Green IT• Greening of IT• Greening by IT 87 MITC, Government of Malta Green IT Greening of IT Greening by IT ... (ITU) focus group Green ICT . .2008 2 theme 15-40% 88
  • 45. Green ITGreening of IT• Energy-Efficient Equipment• Green Data Center 89 MITC, Government of Malta : Smart 2020 Report (Climate Group, 2008) 90
  • 46. notebook LCD monitor : Smart 2020 Report (Climate Group, 2008) 911992: Energy Star (EPA) 20-30%1999: One Watt Initiative International Energy Agency standby 1 . .2010 50 ( 18 ) 1999-2010 92
  • 47. 2006: EuP (Energy-using Products) (Integrated Products Policy: IPP) Synergy WEEE, RoHS (Energy Labeling Directive) CE (EMAS) (Eco-label) (Harmonized Standards) 93 www.electrical.bureauveritas.com 94
  • 48. Green Data Center• iCT 24 (data center) ( power & coolingsystem)• data center 1.2% 1.7% 2010 LawrenceBerkeley Lab• (server) 30% -IBM estimate 95Green Data Center• power & cooling systems 96
  • 49. Green Data Center • Green data center • Green data center blade server, server virtualization, storage virtualization (facility) • • IT facility 97Green Data Center • Virtualization (server storage) (virtualization software) (virtual machine) • thin client ( server ) 98
  • 50. Green Data Center• virtualization smart cooling system : Smart 2020 Report (Climate Group, 2008) 99 Green IT Greening by IT • Intelligent Transport System (ITS) • Smart Logistics • Telecommuting/Teleworking • Smart/Green Buliding • Smart Grid • Smart Motor 100 MITC, Government of Malta
  • 51. ICT• ICT 15%2020 7.8 GtCO2 equivalentITS 101 : Smart 2020 Report (Climate Group, 2008) (ITS)• ITS (Intelligent Transport System) ICT ( , ) To help protect y our priv acy , PowerPoint prev ented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content. To help protect y our priv acy , PowerPoint prev ented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content. / 102 , 2543
  • 52. (ITS)• ICT ITS RFID, sensor Automotive electronics Wireless communications Digital image processing Geographic Information System (GIS) Global Positioning System (GPS) Web service , 2543 103 (Smart Logistics) , ,• : EDI, ebXML, Rosettanet• : ERP• : WMS• : ICS• : TMS• : Traceablity 104
  • 53. (Smart Logistics)• carbon emission : Smart 2020 Report (Climate Group, 2008) 105 : Telecommuting/Teleworking Telecommuting/Teleworking•• ICT Video conferencing, Voice over IP (VoIP) Virtual Private Network (VPN) Collaborative software (groupware) Mobility technology, e.g. WiFi 106
  • 54. : Telecommuting/Teleworking Telecommuting/Teleworking••• .• 70 / - 107http://www.it24hrs.com/2011/virtual-office-sucess/ 108
  • 55. : Telecommuting/Teleworking Telecommuting/Teleworking• Telecommuting carbon emission : Smart 2020 Report (Climate Group, 2008) 109 (Smart/Green Building) (Smart/Green• 40% ( , , , )70% /• 25-50% 10• ICT , LED, sensor, controller 110
  • 56. (Smart/Green Building) (Smart/Green• 111 (Smart/Green Building) (Smart/Green• smart/green building carbon emission : Smart 2020 Report (Climate Group, 2008) 112
  • 57. (Smart Grid)• (power grid) (loss intransport 2%, loss in distribution 8%)• Smart grid software hardware tool real-time sensor, smart meter (AMI & AMR), grid management system (SCADA& OMS) etc.• Smart grid smart grid 113 (Green Building) (Smart Grid)• smart grid carbon emission : Smart 2020 Report (Climate Group, 2008) 114
  • 58. (Smart Motor)• intelligent motorcontroller (IMC) industrial process automation• Smart motor : Smart 2020 Report (Climate Group, 2008) 115 Green IT•• 116 MITC, Government of Malta
  • 59. : ?• IT• Green IT ( greening of IT greening byIT) (pilot projects)• IT• IT ( ) (best practice)• paperless office IT•• (green procurement) 117 : ?•• IT• paperless office IT• (green procurement)• 118
  • 60. Green IT• Green IT R&D• Green IT• Green IT 119 Green Electronics 120
  • 61. Green ICT: Korea Practices 12 1 122
  • 62. 123124
  • 63. 125Going Green: Sustainable Development , . (XCEP)Green Ocean Strategy http://greenoceanstrategy.blogspot.com/2011/06/3.htmlFacebook Fanpage: http://www.facebook.com/greenpractices 126
  • 64. 1. : & , , , 24 25542. Carbon footprint ,3. Carbon Footprint (CFP), Excellence Center of Eco- Energy (ECEE), TU4. , ,5. Green IT, , , , 52 127http://www.facebook.com/greenpractices 128
  • 65. 129 . @NSTDAAcademyhttp://www.NSTDAacademy.com Training@nstda.or.th T. 0 2642 5001-10 F. 0 2642 5014 @pornprom pornprom.ateetanan@nstda.or.th 130
  • 66. 131