Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
 anemia classification
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

anemia classification

15,785

Published on

anemia classification

anemia classification

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
18 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
15,785
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1,080
Comments
0
Likes
18
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. -Definition -Classification ANEMIA By: Tassaya Kanyook ID:52112158
  • 2. <ul><li>ANEMIA IS NEVER NORMAL </li></ul><ul><li>Men: HGB < 13.5 or HCT < 41% </li></ul><ul><li>Women: HGB < 12.0 or HCT < 36% </li></ul>WHAT IS ANEMIA? <ul><li>Definition of Anemia </li></ul><ul><li>Anemia is a decrease in the RBC count, Hgb and/or HCT values as compared to normal reference range for age and sex </li></ul><ul><li>(Also determined by alteration in plasma volume) </li></ul>
  • 3.  
  • 4. CLASSIFICATION OF ANEMIAS 1 2
  • 5. CLASSIFICATION OF ANEMIAS 1
  • 6. CLASSIFICATION OF ANEMIAS <ul><li>Hb levels decreased </li></ul><ul><li>MCV normal </li></ul><ul><li>Acute blood loss </li></ul><ul><li>Anemia of chronic disease </li></ul><ul><li>Aplastic anemia </li></ul><ul><li>Hemolytic anemia </li></ul><ul><li>size of erythrocytes is larger than normal </li></ul><ul><li>Megaloblastic anemia – Vitamin B12, Folate deficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>size of erythrocytes is smaller than normal </li></ul><ul><li>Heme synthesis defect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron deficiency anemia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anemia of chronic disease </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thalassemia </li></ul><ul><li>Sideroblastic anemia </li></ul>2
  • 7. NORMOCYTIC NORMOCHROMIC ANEMIA <ul><li>It includes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aplastic anemia due to BM failure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood loss anemia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hemolytic anemia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Is a condition in which the size & Hgb content of RBCs is normal but the number of RBCs is decreased. </li></ul>
  • 8. MICROCYTIC- HYPOCHROMIC ANEMIA <ul><li>Many RBCs smaller than nucleus of normal lymphocytes </li></ul><ul><li>Increased central pallor. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron deficiency anemia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thalassemia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anemia of chronic disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sideroblastic anemia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead poisoning </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Is a condition in which the total body iron content is decreased below a normal level </li></ul><ul><li>This results in a reduced red blood cell and hemoglobin production </li></ul>IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA (IDA)
  • 10. <ul><li>Inherited decrease in alpha or beta globin chain synthesis needed for Hgb A; quantitative defect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All have microcytic/hypochromic RBCs and target cells </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genetic mutations classified by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>↓ beta chains = beta thalassemia…Greek/Italian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>↓ alpha chains = alpha thalassemia…Asian </li></ul></ul>THALASSEMIAS Target cells/Codocytes Beta Alpha
  • 11. MACROCYTIC NORMOCYTIC ANEMIAS <ul><li>A. MEGALOBLASTIC ANEMIA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vitamin B12 deficiency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Folate deficiency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abnormal metabolism of folate and vit B12 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>B. Non megaloblastic anemia </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liver disease </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alcoholism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post splenoctomy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neonatal macrocytosis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stress erythropoiesis </li></ul></ul></ul>Wright’s stained blood smear
  • 12. <ul><li>Macrocytosis due to a deficiency of vitamin B12 or folic acid that causes impaired nuclear maturation </li></ul>MEGALOBLASTIC ANEMIA RBC maturation in microcytic anemias…IDA Normoblastic RBC maturation  normocytic red cells Megaloblastic RBC maturation  macrocytic red cells
  • 13. <ul><li>http://themedicalpost.net/2010/07/18/the-general-concept-of-anaemias / </li></ul><ul><li>http:// accessmedicine.com/search/searchAMResult.aspx?rootterm=anemias&searchType=1&rootID=64&searchStr=anemia&modifier=yes&subID=180 </li></ul><ul><li>http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thalassemia </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.medicinenet.com/anemia/article.htm </li></ul>REFERENCES

×