D-DAY-Jose Antonio López Cabezas -Javier Alcalá de la Moneda -Pablo Bujalance Moreno
INDEX• Introduction• Army who participated in World War 2• operation Overlord• Causes of the landing• Responsible for landing• Number of participants and casualties• Calais• offensive strategy• defensive strategy• D Day and that meant• Results of the Second World War
INTRODUCTION• On June 6, 1944 is known as D-Day and the Normandy landings, the day he began to run Operation Overlord. This day, when the allied troops advanced on the French coast, marked the beginning of the liberation of Western Europe occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Operation Overlord involving the U.S. military and imperialBritish auxiliary troops supported by French, Polish and other nationalities to storm the beaches of Normandy, through amphibious landings.
ARMYS INVOLVED IN II WORLD WARARMY ALLIED • AXIS• U.S. • Germany• France • Japan• United Kingdom • Bulgaria• Canada • Croatia• Poland • Romania• Belgium • Italy• Holland• Greece• Australia• Norway
OVERLORD OPERATION• In 1942, in the development of the Second World War, the Allies were preparing a massive military onslaught, which would ground the imperial dreams of Nazi Germany. Britain was the scene where Operation Overlord was prepared, which aimed to eradicate the Nazis on French territory and move on Germany, meeting with Russian troops.
CAUSES OF LANDING• Operation Overlord took place because the Nazi armies and the side of the shaft were invading Europe• With this landing was intended to free France from the Nazi armies.
Responsible for the Normandy landings• Responsible for the Normandy landings: General Dwight D. Eisenhower, commanding general and his deputies Bedell Smith, Arthur W. Tedder (Air Marshal), General Montgomery, commander of ground forces, and Air Marshal Sir Trafford L. Leigh-Mallory, commander of the Air Force. The landing fleet is commanded by the admirals Alan C. Kirk and Philip Vian.
WEAPONS FOR LANDING• 6 battleships• 93 destroyers• 22 cruises• 1600 landing craft• 6 infantry divisions• 11 armored divisions• 22 motorized divisions• 5112 bombers• 5747 fighters• 4907 gliders and transport aircraft
CALAIS• To distract the enemy the Allies bombed the city of Calais, also located north of France, to make them believe that this was the goal. But this was to install bridgeheads, to facilitate the landing and invasion consecente n. It was feared the German Air Force, which sought to destroy or disperse. This last was achieved bombing German cities, which led to their planes, weakening the protection n Normandie, where they were three hundred.
LANDING OF OFFENSIVE STRATEGY• enemy defenses installed on the slopes of the coast are easily exploited by the artillery of the warships. With scanning planes, the bombing may extend over the batteries located offshore. And the latter are an excellent target for aerial bombardment. For the landing area was divided into five beaches of Normandy or zones of influence, which from west to east are named with the code names Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword. Previously, the Allies bombed Calais to make the Germans believe that this was his goal.
DEFENSIVE STRATEGY OF NORMANDY• The view of the defending army is built with modest pockets on the sides and equipped with machine guns and medium range artillery can beat perfectly to advancing troops on the beach if they landed at low tide, and landing craft that come at high tide. Heavy artillery installed up to 10 miles behind the coast, but united by telephone with observation posts high in the hills above the beach, you can beat with equal perfection the beach. This made it clear to the commanders of both sides that the landing stage was bound to be very bloody
JUNE 6: D DAY• The battle began at dawn on June 6, 1944, when American paratroopers of the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions and British special forces carried in gliders managed to get behind the first German defensive line, preventing the rapid arrival of German reinforcements, since much of the German defense force had been away from the coast due to heavy bombardments by the Allies during the previous days. The aim was to destroy roads and enemy artillery.• The operation ended on June 30, 1944.
American soldiers, British and Canadians landed on the beaches withcodenames. This landing took just over 100,000 soldiers of the First U.S.Army, 58,000 soldiers and 17,000 British Army IV Army soldiers fromCanada. At nightfall the beachhead was taken during the followingweeks and thousands of Allied soldiers landed.
CONSEQUENCES OF D-DAY• Contributed to the liberation of France on August 19, 1944, when Allied troops crossed the Seine and caused the decline of German soldiers.• In this operation fell thousands of soldiers, but was greater the number of Allied soldiers who lost their lives.• It meant the Union forces from different countries to defeat the Nazi army.• The surprise element of this landing was what led to success.
RESULT OF WORLD WAR 2
• The Second World War saw the most far- reaching transformation of world politics to date. The destructive technologies introduced during the war – foremost, the atomic bomb – made it very unlikely that a land-based conflict of similar scale and duration among the major nations could ever happen again, because of the potential for total destruction of all combatants.
No advanced industrial nation hasbeen invaded since 1945, and all wars since that time have either been guerrilla conflicts in less-developed countries, conflicts involving less- developed countries with moreadvanced ones, or some combination of these two scenarios.
HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI
• During the final stages of World War II in 1945, the Allies of World War II conducted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. These two events are the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date. Within the first two to four months of the bombings, the acute effects killed 90,000–166,000 people in Hiroshima and 60,000–80,000 in Nagasaki, with roughly half of the deaths in each city occurring on the first day. The Hiroshima prefecture health department estimated that, of the people who died on the day of the explosion, 60% died from flash or flame burns, 30% from falling debris and 10% from other causes.
• During the following months, large numbers died from the effect of burns, radiation sickness, and other injuries, compounded by illness. In a U.S. estimate of the total immediate and short term cause of death, 15– 20% died from radiation sickness, 20–30% from burns, and 50–60% from other injuries, compounded by illness. In both cities, most of the dead were civilians, although Hiroshima had a sizeable garrison.