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Ergonomics - class

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  • 1. Ergonomics
    The Fantastic Four
  • 2. What is Ergonomics?
    Ergonomics is defined as the science of work
    Ergonomics goal is to make work comfortable and the most efficient it can be
    Designed to prevent work injuries
  • 3. History of Ergonomics
    As industry developed so did ergonomics
    People had no idea how to do/the proper etiquette for the newly developed machines
    The initial idea for ergonomics was to get people to produce the most for the lowest cost
    Frederick W. Taylor was one of the first to develop tools and ideas to prevent injuries in the work place
    Taylor developed the scientific management method which increased the efficiency of tasks
  • 4. History of Ergonomics
    After world war 2 ergonomics became more important not only for productivity but also for the safety of workers
    More research was done and people then saw that peoples’ jobs can be hazardous if ergonomics are not applied
  • 5. Objectives
    Facilitate task Performance
    Minimize Fatigue
    Minimize Injury
    -Neck Pain
    -Back Pain
    -Eye Strain
    -Headaches
    -Bursitis
    -Tendon Problems
  • 6. Proper Posture While at a Computer
    Upright Sitting
    Standing
    Declined Sitting
    Reclined Sitting
  • 7. Tenants of Proper Posture Explained
    Hands, wrists, and forearms are parallel with the floor
    Head is level and in-line with the torso
    Shoulders are relaxed and arms hang straight down in a natural position that is comfortable for the individual
    Feet are supported by a footrest if the desk is not adjustable to the user’s height, and are slightly ahead of the individual’s knees
    Back is supported with correct lumbar support (formed chair or additional back support) and is generally perpendicular to the floor
    Legs and thighs are parallel to the floor and are supported by a comfortable chair
    Knees are at the same height as your thighs
  • 8. Consequences of Bad Posture
    Poor posture comes from sitting too comfortably without sitting straight up. Here are some consequences:
    Low back pain
    Shoulder pain
    Neck Pain
    Headaches
    Bone Spurs
    Disc and scar tissue damage
    High Blood pressure
  • 9. Disorders
    Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs)
    Repetitive motion injuries
    Repetitive strain injuries
    Cumulative trauma disorders
    Symptoms:
    Low Back Pain
    Finger, wrist, or thumb pain
    Neck and Shoulder pain
  • 10. Sites
    http://www.askergoworks.com/news/70/signs-and-effects-of-poor-posture.aspx
    https://fpm-www3.fpm.wisc.edu/safety/occupationalhealth/ergonomics/musculoskeletaldisorders/introductionmusculoskeletaldisorders/tabid/88/default.aspx
    http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/tc/office-ergonomics-topic-overview
    http://www.ncsu.edu/ehs/www99/right/handsman/office/ergonomic.html
    http://www.naturalremedyhealth.com/vitamins-suplements/2074-10-amazing-facts-about-the-history-of-ergonomics
    http://ergonomics.about.com/od/ergonomicbasics/a/ergo101.htm
    http://www.optergo.com/uk/the_concept/history_ergonomics.php?o=0|