Citing Sources: Simple as 1-2-3? Maybe not, buthere’s the A, B, Cs!
QUESTIONS to be ANSWERED What is the References page? Why do we need or use it? When do we create the Reference page? Where is the Reference page located? How do we cite sources?
What is the References page?QUESTION You’ve been told that your paper is fine, but you did not include a References page (Works Cited or Bibliography)… but what is this page? - What should it contain? - Where should it be placed?
What is the References page?ANSWER The References page is: Your reference page or bibliography; it can be one or more pages depending on how many sources you use The page where your reader can find out about your sources: • Who authored them and where they were printed; • How current they are; when the article or book was written And…most importantly… • Where your reader can find this information (just in case they want to “check out” the source document)
Why do we use a References page?QUESTION I just don’t understand why we create the References page. Why waste our time?
Why do we use a References page?ANSWERThere is no new information in the world. Agree or disagree? You might not agree with the previous statement, but at the associates- or bachelors-degree level, you are not presenting new information, but using researched information and data to uphold the ideas in your papers, portfolios or presentations. You are presenting scholarly, well-researched, academic writing on the topic of your choice (or your instructor’s choice)
Do your sources pass the test? Basically, the References page is where your reader can “test” your resources They assess you as an academic writer by: Seeing how current the resources are How reliable they are How valid they are This is where you reaffirm to your reader that you know what you are talking about
Ensure you document your trail Imagine that the References page is a roadmap leading your reader back to the source for your information. Citing sources offers them directions to find the same information you read and used.
What if the reader gets lost? If the information on the References page What will your reader think? is poorly formatted Does this author know Ok, let’s just say it… what he/she is talking about? what if it is wrong? Is this source credible? Or, worse yet, what if Can I trust what I am you misrepresent the reading here? source information?
When do we need to create the References page?QUESTION Hmmm, this is the final item in our document, so the References page should be created last, right?
When do we need to create the References page?ANSWER The References page is a work-in-progress. Recommend: Starting your References page when you begin your research. Continue to add and subtract from your works cited page while writing the document Then finish it and format the list of sources as you finish your paper.
Recommendation When creating your References page, why not create your citations at the same time? Create a working list of citations. So when you take a quote or a paraphrase from your resource, you have the citation readily available and you don’t forget to include it.
Where is the References page located?QUESTION Help! I know I need a References page… but where do I put this?
Where is the References page located?ANSWER The References page is placed on the final page of your document. Your References page must be double- spaced and indented, so it may run for several pages. In any case, it should appear on the last pages of your paper.
How do we cite sources? BOOKS: Authors Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year of Publication). Title of book: Subtitle of book. edition. Place of Publication: Publisher. WEBSITES: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http:// Web address. CHAPTERS: Authors Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Date of Publication). Title of chapter or article. In Editor #1 First Initial. Middle Initial. Last Name, & Editor #2 First Initial. Middle Initial. Last Name (Eds.), Title of book: Subtitle of book (pp. Pages). Place of Publication: Publisher.
REMEMBER… For every reference listed on your References page, there will be a corresponding citation within your document.Parenthetical Citation Works Cited Page…and we will get to parenthetical (in-text) citations soon!
Post questions as needed tothe discussion area or email Dr. Lori. Let’s learn from each other!