Raja Ravi Varma—Painter of Colonial India (1848-1906) Charismatic Keralite Rare Phenomenon Painter PrinceIndias firstModern Painter Marketing Genius
Early Life of the Painter Born on April 29, 1848, in Kilimanoor, KeralaKerala to Umamba Thampuratti and Neelakantan Bhattathiripad.. He was married to Pururuttathi Nal Bhageerathi Amma Thampuran (Kochu Pangi) of the Royal House of Mavelikara Maharaja of Travancore . And they had two sons & three daughters. Umamba Thampuratti (Mother)
The Young Painter..At the age of 7, he started drawing onthe palace walls using charcoal.Primary education : with the help ofUncle Raja Raja Varma & the rulingking, Ayilyam Thirunal.Water painting was taught to him byKilimanoor’s palace painter, RamaSwami Naidu.Oil painting : was taught by Dutch painter,Theodor Jenson. Kilimanoor palace’s entrance.Technique : Paints made from leaves, flowers,tree bark and soil.
Paintings Based on Portraits myths & Portrait based legends compositionsLord Ampthill, Governor ofMadras (1905)
Tanjore custom (thefeminine emotionsbeing the centraltheme) European Realism (oil colours)
o Elegant and refined look. o Lively Effect o Natural and RealisticHarischandra in Distress
Noteworthy Aspects in hispaintings.• Understanding of colour palletes.•Radiant, impasto jewellery.• Neat features• Natural appealing colours.• Mastery of painting beautifulareas and perfect expressions. Draupadi, in the guise Arjuna & Subhadra of Syrendri with Viratas wife.
Analysis oThe traditional look o Emotion Milkmaid (1904)o Detailed work on attireand other objects. Victory of Meghanada (1905)
Muses / Inspirations• He found Indian women beautiful.•When he stayed in Bombay he drew some paintings ofMaharashtrian women.•Fascination for the nine yard Sari.•Stories and moments from the Sanskrit classics such asDushyanta and Shakuntala, and Nala and Damayanti.
ACHIEVEMENTS Awards :- Twice in Madras Painting Exhibition (1873 & ‘74) Vienna Exhibition (1873) Kaiser-i-Hind Gold Medal by Viceroy Lord Curzon. (1904) In 1894, Bombay, he started the oleograph press The RaviVarma Fine Arts Lithographic Press which was later shifter toLonavala. He introduced a new medium of oil painting which is known till date. Total no. of paintings: 170 140-oil paintings 20-oleographs 10-lithographic.... Indian stamp honoring Raja Ravi Varma
Painter’s lasts..• He died on October 2,1906 (aged 58).• Cause of death : Diabetes• Place : Kilimanoor,Travancore, India• Mysorecollection(Mahabharata)was among the last RaviVarma did. .
"it is rare to come across men like him, artists likehim, lovers of India like him".-- Dr. Abanindranath Tagore
Few of Ravi Varma’s best..!Lady Lost in Deep Thought … Lady giving Alms.
Shakuntala Composing a LoveRomancing Couple Letter to King Dushyanta
Bibliography• A text from Rupika Chawla’s book “Raja Ravi Varma—Painter of Colonial India.• A history of Indian painting: the modern period By Krishna Chaitanya• http://www.cyberkerala.com/rajaravivarma/• http://ravivarma.org (Raja Ravi Varma Art Gallery)• http://www.ravivarmaoleographs.com• www.indianartcircle.com/arteducation/ravi.shtml• http://www.astrojyoti.com/ravivarma.htm• http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/art/raviverma/