02- The Grand Canal


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02 The Grand Canal Outline
For China History classes before trip

Link to video: NOVA - Building the China Bridge

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  • Sui Dynasty Background (Year: 581 - 618)China was reunified in A.D. 589 by the short-lived Sui dynasty (A.D. 588-618), which has often been compared to the earlier Qin dynasty in tenure and the ruthlessness of its accomplishments. The Sui dynasty's early demise was attributed to the government's tyrannical demands on the people, who bore the crushing burden of taxes and compulsory labor. These resources were overstrained in the completion of the Grand Canal a monumental engineering feat and in the undertaking of other construction projects, including the reconstruction of the Great Wall.In 581 emperor Wen had founded the Sui dynasty in Chang'an. The second and last emperor of this short dynasty was emperor Yang. In this time China began its expeditions to other Asian countries over the sea. There built many canals which helped the economy between North China and South China. The Northern walls were built longer, because of the Mongols. In 618 general Li Yuan marched in Chang'an and founded the Tang dynasty. After him his son Li Shimin became emperor of China. The canals were built more and more and the economy got better. There were two capitals Chang'an and Luoyang, but Chang'an was the more important capital. Both capitals are situated near the Huang He. Chang'an was built up. It had very strong walls for the defending. Here was also the palace, all the officials and buddistical and taoistical temples. In the 7th century there was a great expansion of China. In the western territories China fought which Turks and Tibetians. China won and could place his borders into the west. Korea and Vietnam have been also occupied. This was the first big expansion of Chinese empire.Weakened by costly and disastrous military campaigns against Korea in the early seventh century, the Sui Dynasty disintegrated through a combination of popular revolts, disloyalty, and assassination.The Sui Dynasty ( 581-618 CE[1])
  • A Hand Scroll Project   What is a Hand Scroll? The hand scroll format is an art form, which finds its origins in ancient Chinese culture. Unlike a traditional Western painting which is meant to hang on a wall, viewed much like a framed window looking out into the world; the imagery depicted in a hand scroll is to be gradually revealed to the viewer as they unroll the scroll upon the table in front of them.  While the scrolls are commonly long, (2’x70’ or more), these images are never meant to be exhibited fully unrolled. The edges of hand scrolls are not fixed; they are controlled by the viewer who can move their view back and forth. This viewing experience is very intimate as the Hand scroll format allows only two or three people to examine a scroll at once, revealing maybe 3 or 4 feet as it unrolls.   Chinese artists have often exploited this format by manipulating their depiction of space in an effort to allow the viewer to embark on a journey into and through the environment of the scroll. How space is organized is perhaps the most significant difference between traditional Chinese and Western imagery. This lesson hopes to allow students the opportunity to examine the differences between these two spatial constructs and understand how these affect the viewing experience.
  • Scroll 6 depicts the Kangxi Emperor's journey along the Grand Canal from the town of Benniu Zhen to the of Changzhou in 1689 AD.Wang Hui grew up in the relatively poor village of Yushan, near Changshu, Jiangsu Province His home village was only 15 miles away from Changzhou!This might explain why he dedicated so much space and detail in his scroll to this relatively small section of the Grand Canal.
  • 02- The Grand Canal

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    7. 7. Sui Dynasty(Year: 581 – 618) Began The Grand Canal<br />
    8. 8. Sui Dynasty(Year: 581 – 618) <br />Began The Grand Canal<br />
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    10. 10. The Grand Canal <br />Major Route of Commerce<br />The Grand Canal was a major route of commerce<br /> and an engineering marvel.<br />
    11. 11. “The Spring Festival Along the River”<br />A Hand Scroll by<br />Zhang Zeduan<br />(created in the early 12th Century)<br />
    12. 12. The Hand Scroll Format<br />
    13. 13. The scroll depicts a journey from the rural countryside to the imperial capital city.<br />These waterways helped to unify China and encourage economic and cultural growth.<br />
    14. 14. “The Spring Festival The Spring Festival Along the River” provides a wealth of detail on thevarieties of commercial activity in China.<br />
    15. 15. Rainbow Bridge<br />
    16. 16. “A Trip Up the River at Qingming Festival” <br />painted by Zhang Zeduan,<br /> during the Northern Song Dynasty(960-1127).<br />
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    19. 19. The Grand Canal<br />Today<br />
    20. 20. The Grand Canal 2004<br />
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    23. 23. Grand Canal<br />Begins in <br />Hangzhou<br />
    24. 24. The West Lake in Hangzhou <br />
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    28. 28. We will be visiting the Grand Canal<br />in Suzhou<br />
    29. 29. Suzhou:<br />The Venice of China<br />
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    31. 31. Grand Canal<br />Changzhou<br />
    32. 32. Changzhou on the Grand Canal Today<br />
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    34. 34. Welcome to Changzhou!<br />Wang Hui<br />1689 A.D.<br />Scroll 6 depicts Kangxi’s journey along the Grand Canal to Changzhou.<br />
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    36. 36. ?<br />?<br />HULU video: “Building the Rainbow Bridge”<br />
    37. 37. ?<br />
    38. 38. NOVA Builds a Rainbow Bridge - PBS<br />HULU video: <br />“Building the <br />Rainbow Bridge”<br />
    39. 39. “Building the Rainbow Bridge” NOVA on PBS<br />