Upper northeast corner of
India, right before it gets
squeezed between Bhutan
Many important rivers pass
In the southern foothills of
the Himalaya Mountain
Range, touching Nepal.
Bihar is the tan state within
the red shape.
It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to its
west, Nepal to the north, Northern part
of West Bengal to the east and
by Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is
divided into two parts by the
river Ganges which flows through the middle
from west to east. Bihar has forest area of
6,764.14 km2, which is 7.2% of its
Bihar is an Indo-Gangetic plain. so, naturally
fertile soil is found.
The soil in Bihar is Gangetic alluvium.
This soil is deficient in phosphoric acid,
nitrogen, humus, but potash and lime present
in sufficient quantity.
Bihar is a vast stretch of fertile land, drained
by the Ganges river, which flows through the
middle from west to east.
Other Ganges tributaries are the Son , Budhi
Gandak, Chandan Orhani and Phalgu.
The Himalayas begin at foothills a short
distance inside Nepal but influence Bihar’s
Bihar has notified forest area of 6764.14 KM
which is 7.1%of its geographical area.
The hot and dry summer gives the deciduous
forests which consists of shrub, grass and
reeds and the rainfall is above 1,600mm.
The most important trees are Shorea,
Robusta(sal), Shisham, Cadrela Toona, Khair
Ajay river, Bagmati, Budhi, Gandak, Bhutahi,
Balan, Ganges, Ghagra, Phalgu,Kamala,
Karmanasha, Kosi river, Mahananda, Punpun,
sapt, Son river.
Waterfalls:- Kakolat, Telhar, Karkat.
Lake:-Anupam and Kharagpur
Bihar is cold in winter, the lowest temperature
around 0-10 Celsius. Winter months are
December and January.
It is hot in the summer with average
temperature around 35-40 degree Celsius.
April to mid June are the hot months.
The monsoon months june-september see
October and November, February and march
have pleasant climate.
Avg. temperature 27 °C (81 °F)
• Summer 34 °C (93 °F)
• Winter 10 °C (50 °F)
Precipitation 1,200 mm (47 in
Flood:-Bihar is India’s most flood prone state
with 76% of the population in the north Bihar
living under the recurring threat of flood
Earthquake, drought and famine.
India's only sanctuary for the endangered
species, the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin
Sanctuary, is in Bihar's Bhagalpur district,
around 235 km from here.
Ganga dolphin research Centre, the first such
center in the country, was set up in the Bihar
According to sources in the wildlife
department in Patna, the tiger population has
decreased in the state in the last five years.
Last month, a special census was conducted
to count the number of tigers in the Valmiki
Tiger Project in the West Champaran district.
The census was conducted following the
directive of the central forest ministry in the
wake of reports of the disappearance of
tigers in several of India's wildlife reserves.