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William Turner

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  • 1. ‘ The painter of light’ Joseph Mallord William Turner
  • 2.
    • Joseph Mallord William Turner
    • (23 April 1775 – 19 December 1851)
    • An English Romantic landscape and seascape painter, watercolourist and printmaker.
    • Is known to have laid the foundation for Impressionism.
    • Interest in brilliant colours.
    • Convincing truth and profound realism in depicting nature.
    • Fascinating beauty and lyric charm.
  • 3.
        • William Turner was born in London in
    • a family of a barber and wig maker.
        • Spent his childhood in Brentford, a small town to west of London on the banks of the River Thames.
        • At the age of 10 becomes interested in painting.
  • 4.
    • William Turner entered the Royal Academy of Art schools in 1789, when he was14 years old.
    • Was accepted into the academy a year later by the committee chaired by Sir Joshua Reynolds, its president at the time.
    • At first showed a keen interest in architecture.
    • The first watercolour by Turner's was accepted for the Summer Exhibition of 1790 after only one year's study.
    • His first oil painting was exhibited in 1796.
  • 5.
    • His last exhibition at the Royal Academy was in 1850.
    • Turner died in 1851 and was buried in St Paul's Cathedral next to Sir Joshua Reynolds.
    • He bequeathed much of his work to the nation. The great majority of the paintings are now at Tate Britain.
  • 6.
    • The subject-matters of Turner's paintings
    • Vehicles for Turner's imagination were to be found in the subjects of shipwrecks, fires, natural catastrophes, and natural phenomena.
    • The painter drew inspiration in waves and storms, clouds and vapuor, had a keen interest in depicting ruins and frowning mountains.
    • After 1802 begins to choose subjects from agricultural or pastoral country.
  • 7.
    • Lifelong absorption with the sea
    • Turner’s love of the sea was fundamental in his creative work.
    • He executed profound and forceful representations of everchanging marine scenes in which the value of his splendid visual memory and manual dexterity are evident for he believed that a wave cannot be drawn slowly and stolidly
  • 8.
    • The attitude to human beings
    • in Turner’s works
    • Turner placed human beings in many of his paintings to indicate his affection for humanity on the one hand and its vulnerability and vulgarity amid the awe-inspiring, savage grandeur of the natural world on the other hand.
    • In some of his paintings Turner is vindicated as a draughtsman of people.
    • All his characters are living individuals.
  • 9.
    • Peculiarities of style
    • Turner’s mature work is characterized by a chromatic palette and broadly applied atmospheric washes of paint.
    • The significance of light was to him the emanation of God's spirit.
    • Turner’s works of art are characterized by sloven brushwork.
    • He refined the subject matters of his later paintings by leaving out solid objects and detail, concentrating on the play of light and colour.
    • The artist who could most "stirringly and truthfully measure the moods of Nature.“
  • 10.
    • In his later years he used oils ever more transparently, and turned to an evocation of almost pure light by the use of shimmering colour.
    • A prime example of his mature style can be seen in Rain, Steam and Speed - The Great Western Railway, where the objects are barely recognizable.
  • 11.
    • Innovation
    • Turner was considered a controversial figure in his day s.
    • Nowadays he is regarded as the artist who elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting.
    • In investigations of light and color Turner anticipated the practice of the impressionists.