William Turner


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William Turner

  1. 1. ‘ The painter of light’ Joseph Mallord William Turner
  2. 2. <ul><li>Joseph Mallord William Turner </li></ul><ul><li>(23 April 1775 – 19 December 1851) </li></ul><ul><li>An English Romantic landscape and seascape painter, watercolourist and printmaker. </li></ul><ul><li>Is known to have laid the foundation for Impressionism. </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in brilliant colours. </li></ul><ul><li>Convincing truth and profound realism in depicting nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Fascinating beauty and lyric charm. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><ul><li>William Turner was born in London in </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li> a family of a barber and wig maker. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spent his childhood in Brentford, a small town to west of London on the banks of the River Thames. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At the age of 10 becomes interested in painting. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>William Turner entered the Royal Academy of Art schools in 1789, when he was14 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Was accepted into the academy a year later by the committee chaired by Sir Joshua Reynolds, its president at the time. </li></ul><ul><li>At first showed a keen interest in architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>The first watercolour by Turner's was accepted for the Summer Exhibition of 1790 after only one year's study. </li></ul><ul><li>His first oil painting was exhibited in 1796. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>His last exhibition at the Royal Academy was in 1850. </li></ul><ul><li>Turner died in 1851 and was buried in St Paul's Cathedral next to Sir Joshua Reynolds. </li></ul><ul><li>He bequeathed much of his work to the nation. The great majority of the paintings are now at Tate Britain. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The subject-matters of Turner's paintings </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles for Turner's imagination were to be found in the subjects of shipwrecks, fires, natural catastrophes, and natural phenomena. </li></ul><ul><li>The painter drew inspiration in waves and storms, clouds and vapuor, had a keen interest in depicting ruins and frowning mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>After 1802 begins to choose subjects from agricultural or pastoral country. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Lifelong absorption with the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Turner’s love of the sea was fundamental in his creative work. </li></ul><ul><li>He executed profound and forceful representations of everchanging marine scenes in which the value of his splendid visual memory and manual dexterity are evident for he believed that a wave cannot be drawn slowly and stolidly </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The attitude to human beings </li></ul><ul><li>in Turner’s works </li></ul><ul><li>Turner placed human beings in many of his paintings to indicate his affection for humanity on the one hand and its vulnerability and vulgarity amid the awe-inspiring, savage grandeur of the natural world on the other hand. </li></ul><ul><li>In some of his paintings Turner is vindicated as a draughtsman of people. </li></ul><ul><li>All his characters are living individuals. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Peculiarities of style </li></ul><ul><li>Turner’s mature work is characterized by a chromatic palette and broadly applied atmospheric washes of paint. </li></ul><ul><li>The significance of light was to him the emanation of God's spirit. </li></ul><ul><li>Turner’s works of art are characterized by sloven brushwork. </li></ul><ul><li>He refined the subject matters of his later paintings by leaving out solid objects and detail, concentrating on the play of light and colour. </li></ul><ul><li>The artist who could most &quot;stirringly and truthfully measure the moods of Nature.“ </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>In his later years he used oils ever more transparently, and turned to an evocation of almost pure light by the use of shimmering colour. </li></ul><ul><li>A prime example of his mature style can be seen in Rain, Steam and Speed - The Great Western Railway, where the objects are barely recognizable. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Turner was considered a controversial figure in his day s. </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays he is regarded as the artist who elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting. </li></ul><ul><li>In investigations of light and color Turner anticipated the practice of the impressionists. </li></ul>