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  1. 1. Music at school
  2. 2. <ul><li>Dmitriy Kabalevskiy </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most </li></ul><ul><li>outstanding Russian </li></ul><ul><li>composers of the 20 th </li></ul><ul><li>century. </li></ul><ul><li>Devoted a considerable </li></ul><ul><li> part of his life to </li></ul><ul><li> pedagogics in a </li></ul><ul><li>comprehensive school. </li></ul><ul><li>The founder of the scientific-methodical magazine </li></ul><ul><li>“ Art at School”. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Kabalevskiy ’s Contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Into the Russian Education </li></ul><ul><li>Raised the importance of art in secondary education. </li></ul><ul><li>Set the priority of creative objectives in teaching art, music in particular. </li></ul><ul><li>Developed his own effective program of teaching music at school. </li></ul><ul><li>Worked out a new </li></ul><ul><li>approach to art </li></ul><ul><li>within the </li></ul><ul><li>educational process . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Educational priorities of the present day situation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The primary goals of educational policy today lay in the fields of electronics, economics, jurisdicial literacy and foreign languages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough attention is devoted to teaching music and the importance of it is underestimated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The program developed by D. Kabalevskiy is hardly ever applied into practice. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Arguments against studying music at school </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many people think that literature is enough to foster esthetical and moral development. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There’s a widespread opinion that we can easily do without art at school, for the children are terribly overloaded with basic disciplines. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>If there were no music </li></ul><ul><li>at school… </li></ul><ul><li>We would bring up soulless people who are alien to all human values. </li></ul><ul><li>Then the more educated a person would be the more dangerous he would appear to the society. </li></ul><ul><li>If new generations appeared to be unable to understand and appreciate art, then professionals from the arts themselves would have to go into the sphere of service. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Why is it important to teach music? </li></ul><ul><li>It spiritually enriches and elevates a person. </li></ul><ul><li>Develops creativity, imagination. </li></ul><ul><li>From the young age a child is taught to appreciate beauty and to create it. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivates responsiveness, empathy and a sense of the value of life itself. </li></ul><ul><li>The more children study art, music in particular </li></ul><ul><li>the better they feel </li></ul><ul><li> and the better they </li></ul><ul><li>acquire other subjects. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Scientific Background for the Importance of Studying Music </li></ul><ul><li>The scientists suggest that songs preceded and aided the development of speech in homo sapiens. </li></ul><ul><li>To sing with vocalizations is </li></ul><ul><li>significantly easier than is </li></ul><ul><li>than speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Songs appear to precede and </li></ul><ul><li>support the development of </li></ul><ul><li>language in young children. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Psychological Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Songs may to a certain </li></ul><ul><li>extent compensate the </li></ul><ul><li> need of ‘motherese’ for </li></ul><ul><li> adolescents, which is </li></ul><ul><li>especially indispensible </li></ul><ul><li> in this period of rapid </li></ul><ul><li>emotional development. </li></ul><ul><li>(‘Motherese’ is a highly effective musical language that adults use with infants). </li></ul><ul><li>Songs fulfill the need for egocentric language that is typical to small children and that never really leaves us. </li></ul><ul><li>(Egocentric language is the language in which kids talk, with little concern for an addressee). </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Music in Language Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Songs work on our short and long term memory. </li></ul><ul><li>(‘the song stuck in my head’ phenomenon). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Songs may strongly activate the repetition mechanism of language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>acquisition device. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children learn songs almost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>effortlessly. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Songs on a Lesson of a Foreign Language </li></ul><ul><li>Songs are short self-contained texts written in a simple conversational language with a lot of repetitions which are easy to handle in a lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>They are more motivating than usual texts. </li></ul><ul><li>Can serve as good material for analysis for many of them are quite complex syntactically, lexically and poetically. </li></ul><ul><li>Songs are relaxing. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide variety and fun during a lesson, and encourage harmony within oneself and within a group. </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as tools for sustaining cultures, religions and patriotism. </li></ul><ul><li>The supply of them is inexhaustible. </li></ul>