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A brief history of spirituality


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  • Fathers of scholasticism Peter Lombard The Book of Sentences Unity and Trinity of God/Gratian codification of canon on church LawNotre Dame begn/ Abbey of St Denis – Gothic ARCHETECTURETheme of Love in Lit in secular and sacred writtings Song of songs a
  • Wells Cathedral Notre DameVirgin Child from Abbey St Denis 12c ivory
  • Germany, France, Belgum, Netherlands some in Italy and England
  • Order of preachers –men women lay preachers
  • Theme of intimate love in his writtings
  • Transcript

    • 1. A Brief History of Spirituality
      Spirituality in the City 1150-1450
    • 2. Possible death by power point
      Warning !!!
    • 3. Gregorian Reform
      Purification of the church
      Clergy/laity by celibacy
      Supernatural power of clergy during Eucharist
      Increased evangelical fervour
      Failed to satisfy lay people and religious spirituality
      Led to dissident movements and apocalyptic groups
    • 4. The Vita Evangelica
      Not organised movement
      Expressed evangelical fervour
      Gospel preached
      Jesus imitated in mendicancy and wandering
      Active role for men and women(later curtailed)
    • 5. The Vita Evangelica Groups
      Accepted groups of women
      The Poor Clares/The Beguines
      The Tertiaries (Third Orders): men and women/ married/ worked/prayer life/ charitable work/pastoral
      Wandering Preachers
    • 6. Vita Evangelica led to (guess who)
      Revival of Rule of St Augustine
      Clerical reform
      Spirituality of service
      Ministry to poor
      Nursing of sick
      Care for pilgrims
      Canons influenced
    • 7. 12c Renaissance
      Growth of the intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic
    • 8. Rebirth of Cities
      11-12c urban revival since Roman Empire
      Created growing Literate Merchant class and the developing of new Christian life and diverse practices
      new spirituality in evangelical life
      Imitating Jesus and his disciples
      Increase in the Franciscan, Dominican and lay groups as the Beguines
      Led to the idea “the city” itself was a holy place
    • 9. Cathedrals and Urban Vision
      New urbanisation
      Gothic Cathedrals
      More Impressive
      Light, space, colour, elaborate
      Evoke the Splendour of Heaven: human transformation
      Priest in silks, Virgin in Ivory, Art,
      Aspirations of a community
    • 10. Notre Dame
    • 11. space
      Abbey of St Denis
    • 12. Light and space
      Rose Window
    • 13. The splendour of Heaven?
      Abbey of St Denis
    • 14.
    • 15. Notre Dame
      Tympanum of the Last Judgment
    • 16. The clergy in Hell
    • 17. The Sacred City:“The big community”
      A heavenly Jerusalem
      Ideal form of social life
      A place of peace
      A place of hard work
      A city of God
      Processions Blessings
    • 18. University Now Open!
      Rural to urban
      Separations of Disciplines of Mind/Order of life and Spirituality
      Dominican moved to teaching own to all
      New modules available! Greek philosophy Aristotle anyone
      16c onward saw decline in spirituality in Theology due to protestant movement
    • 19. Vita Evangelica and Urban Sensibilites
      Communities of friars/canons preaching led to building in city
      Popularity of preacher
      Bigger audiences
      Concept of public space
      Monastic cloister to colonnade piazza
    • 20. Preaching Open air!
      Santa Maria Novella Florence
      San Marco Venice
    • 21. The Beguines
      The Mendicants
      Many Countries
      Girls schools
      Stayed with family
      Lived in groups
      Built Tenements/Walled
      Trade/Ministered to sick and poor
      Began as group of Lay people
      Begging alms
      Preached, taught
      Offered spiritual guidance
      Free to move around streets
      Franciscans/Caramelites ,Dominicans-Poor Clares
    • 22. Personalities of the Day
    • 23. Vertis - Truth
      Dominic 1170-1221
      On mission gathered dedicated preachers
      Life of Gospel poverty
      Combined liturgy, contemplation and pastoral ministry
      1216 order of preachers
      Evangelical and missionary
      What is contemplated leads to everything else
    • 24. Francis 1182-1227
      Child of urban renaissance and spiritual fervour
      Renew church in simplicity and evangelical piety
      Begging for alms
      Order 1223
      Gospel existence
      Service of poor
      “Control of creation”
      Imitation of Jesus and Brother to all
    • 25. Francis of Assisi (original tunic)
    • 26. Clare 1194-1253
      Christ the mirror into which contemplatives gaze
      Significant in the origins of FO
      Dedicated to Gospel living
      Visionary in contemplative life and poverty
      Freedom of possessions, estates and finances
      Rule of Poor Sisters 1253
      (on death bed)
    • 27. Bonaventure 1217-1274
      Theologian, mystic, superior in FO
      Hermetic life
      Intense love of Christ crucified
      Christ the ladder of ascent in spiritual journey
    • 28. 14c Mysticism
      Period of flourishing
      Word- France
      17c preoccupation with experience
      19c psychology to separate from beliefs and practice
      Increased due to 2 factors
      Individual journeys with intellectual approach to theology
      Increased interest in Pseudo-Dionysious
    • 29. Mystic writers
      Eckhart 1260-1328
      Henry Suso 1295-1366
      John Ruusbroec 1293-1381
      St Catherine of Siena 1374-1380
      Julian of Norwich 1342-1417/20
    • 30. Devotional Spirituality in the Humanity of Christ
      Feelings rather than ideas
      1150-1450 increase in Devotions and devotional mentality and religious fervour
      Religious Dramas
      Devotional Manuals
      Prayer books, Spiritual guidance
      Art, icons on the streets
      Eucharist Procession, Rosary, Christmas crib, Stations of the cross
    • 31. Spirituality & Eastern Christianity
      Icons-direct communion with God
      “way of images” music and liturgy
      “Hesychia” stillness in a way of prayer to inner calm
      St Catherine- Breath prayer Math 9:27
      Gregory Palamas defence of prayer
      Debate-was it possible to experience the imminent presence of God
      Growing division East/West
    • 32. The Renaissance 1350-1450
      Reintroduction to classical ancient roman
    • 33. The Grand Finale
    • 34. “It was the inability of the church institution to respond speedily or adequately enough on either a spiritual or a structural level to both the criticisms and fervour that made the final break-down of medieval Christianity irreversible”