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A Brief History of Spirituality<br />Spirituality in the City  1150-1450    <br />
Possible death by power point<br />Warning !!!<br />
Gregorian 	Reform<br />Purification of the church <br />Secular/political<br />Clergy/laity by celibacy<br />Supernatural ...
The Vita Evangelica<br />Not organised movement<br />Expressed evangelical fervour<br />Gospel preached<br />Jesus imitate...
The Vita Evangelica Groups<br />Accepted groups of women<br />The Poor Clares/The Beguines<br />Franciscans' <br />The Ter...
Vita Evangelica led to (guess who)<br />Revival of Rule of St Augustine<br />Clerical reform<br />Evangelicalism<br />Spir...
12c Renaissance<br />Growth of the intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic<br />
Rebirth of Cities<br />11-12c urban revival since Roman Empire <br />Created growing Literate Merchant class and the devel...
Cathedrals and Urban Vision<br />New urbanisation<br />Gothic Cathedrals<br />Rural(Eden)-City(Revelation)<br />More Impre...
Notre Dame<br />
space<br />Abbey of St Denis<br />
Light and space<br />Rose Window<br />
The splendour of Heaven?<br />Abbey of St Denis<br />
Notre Dame<br />Tympanum of the Last Judgment<br />
The clergy in Hell<br />
The Sacred City:“The big community”<br />A heavenly Jerusalem<br />Ideal form of social life<br />A place of peace<br />A ...
University Now Open!<br />Rural to urban<br />Separations of Disciplines of Mind/Order of life and Spirituality<br />Domin...
Vita Evangelica and Urban Sensibilites<br />Communities of friars/canons preaching led to  building in city<br />Popularit...
Preaching Open air!<br />Santa Maria Novella Florence<br />San Marco Venice<br />
The Beguines<br />The Mendicants<br />Women<br />Many Countries<br />Girls schools<br />Stayed with family<br />Lived in g...
Personalities of the Day<br />
Vertis - Truth<br />Dominic 1170-1221<br />On mission gathered dedicated preachers<br />Life of Gospel poverty<br />Combin...
Francis 1182-1227<br />Child of urban renaissance and spiritual fervour<br />Renew church in simplicity and evangelical pi...
Francis of Assisi (original tunic)<br />
Clare 1194-1253<br />Christ the mirror into which contemplatives gaze<br />Significant in the origins of FO<br />Dedicated...
Bonaventure 1217-1274<br />Theologian, mystic, superior in FO<br />Hermetic life <br />Contemplation<br />Intense love of ...
14c Mysticism<br />Period of flourishing <br />Word- France<br />17c preoccupation with experience<br />19c psychology to ...
Mystic writers<br />Eckhart 1260-1328<br />Henry Suso 1295-1366<br />John Ruusbroec 1293-1381<br />St Catherine of Siena 1...
Devotional Spirituality in the Humanity of Christ<br />Feelings rather than ideas<br />1150-1450 increase in Devotions and...
Spirituality & Eastern Christianity<br />Icons-direct communion with God<br />“way of images” music and liturgy<br />“Hesy...
The Renaissance 1350-1450<br />Reintroduction to classical  ancient roman<br />Art/science<br />Humanism<br />
The Grand Finale <br />
“It was the inability of the church institution to respond speedily or adequately enough on either a spiritual or a struct...
A brief history of spirituality
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A brief history of spirituality

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  • Fathers of scholasticism Peter Lombard The Book of Sentences Unity and Trinity of God/Gratian codification of canon on church LawNotre Dame begn/ Abbey of St Denis – Gothic ARCHETECTURETheme of Love in Lit in secular and sacred writtings Song of songs a
  • Wells Cathedral Notre DameVirgin Child from Abbey St Denis 12c ivory
  • Germany, France, Belgum, Netherlands some in Italy and England
  • Order of preachers –men women lay preachers
  • Theme of intimate love in his writtings
  • Transcript of "A brief history of spirituality"

    1. 1. A Brief History of Spirituality<br />Spirituality in the City 1150-1450 <br />
    2. 2. Possible death by power point<br />Warning !!!<br />
    3. 3. Gregorian Reform<br />Purification of the church <br />Secular/political<br />Clergy/laity by celibacy<br />Supernatural power of clergy during Eucharist<br />Increased evangelical fervour<br />Failed to satisfy lay people and religious spirituality<br />Led to dissident movements and apocalyptic groups<br />
    4. 4. The Vita Evangelica<br />Not organised movement<br />Expressed evangelical fervour<br />Gospel preached<br />Jesus imitated in mendicancy and wandering<br />Active role for men and women(later curtailed)<br />
    5. 5. The Vita Evangelica Groups<br />Accepted groups of women<br />The Poor Clares/The Beguines<br />Franciscans' <br />The Tertiaries (Third Orders): men and women/ married/ worked/prayer life/ charitable work/pastoral<br />Canon/Canonesses<br />Wandering Preachers <br />
    6. 6. Vita Evangelica led to (guess who)<br />Revival of Rule of St Augustine<br />Clerical reform<br />Evangelicalism<br />Spirituality of service<br />Ministry to poor<br />Nursing of sick<br />Care for pilgrims<br />Canons influenced<br />
    7. 7. 12c Renaissance<br />Growth of the intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic<br />
    8. 8. Rebirth of Cities<br />11-12c urban revival since Roman Empire <br />Created growing Literate Merchant class and the developing of new Christian life and diverse practices<br /> new spirituality in evangelical life <br />Imitating Jesus and his disciples<br />Increase in the Franciscan, Dominican and lay groups as the Beguines<br />Led to the idea “the city” itself was a holy place<br />
    9. 9. Cathedrals and Urban Vision<br />New urbanisation<br />Gothic Cathedrals<br />Rural(Eden)-City(Revelation)<br />More Impressive<br />Light, space, colour, elaborate<br />Evoke the Splendour of Heaven: human transformation<br />Priest in silks, Virgin in Ivory, Art, <br />Aspirations of a community<br />
    10. 10. Notre Dame<br />
    11. 11. space<br />Abbey of St Denis<br />
    12. 12. Light and space<br />Rose Window<br />
    13. 13. The splendour of Heaven?<br />Abbey of St Denis<br />
    14. 14.
    15. 15. Notre Dame<br />Tympanum of the Last Judgment<br />
    16. 16. The clergy in Hell<br />
    17. 17. The Sacred City:“The big community”<br />A heavenly Jerusalem<br />Ideal form of social life<br />A place of peace<br />A place of hard work<br />A city of God<br />Processions Blessings <br />Plaques/Statues/Shrines<br />
    18. 18. University Now Open!<br />Rural to urban<br />Separations of Disciplines of Mind/Order of life and Spirituality<br />Dominican moved to teaching own to all <br />New modules available! Greek philosophy Aristotle anyone<br />16c onward saw decline in spirituality in Theology due to protestant movement<br />
    19. 19. Vita Evangelica and Urban Sensibilites<br />Communities of friars/canons preaching led to building in city<br />Popularity of preacher<br />Bigger audiences<br />Concept of public space<br />Monastic cloister to colonnade piazza<br />
    20. 20. Preaching Open air!<br />Santa Maria Novella Florence<br />San Marco Venice<br />
    21. 21. The Beguines<br />The Mendicants<br />Women<br />Many Countries<br />Girls schools<br />Stayed with family<br />Lived in groups<br />Built Tenements/Walled<br />Trade/Ministered to sick and poor<br />Began as group of Lay people <br />Begging alms<br />Preached, taught<br />Offered spiritual guidance <br />Free to move around streets<br />Franciscans/Caramelites ,Dominicans-Poor Clares<br />
    22. 22. Personalities of the Day<br />
    23. 23. Vertis - Truth<br />Dominic 1170-1221<br />On mission gathered dedicated preachers<br />Life of Gospel poverty<br />Combined liturgy, contemplation and pastoral ministry<br />1216 order of preachers<br />Evangelical and missionary<br />Study/labour<br />What is contemplated leads to everything else<br />
    24. 24. Francis 1182-1227<br />Child of urban renaissance and spiritual fervour<br />Renew church in simplicity and evangelical piety<br />Begging for alms<br />Order 1223<br />Gospel existence<br />Service of poor<br />Stigmata<br />“Control of creation”<br />Imitation of Jesus and Brother to all<br />
    25. 25. Francis of Assisi (original tunic)<br />
    26. 26. Clare 1194-1253<br />Christ the mirror into which contemplatives gaze<br />Significant in the origins of FO<br />Dedicated to Gospel living<br />Visionary in contemplative life and poverty <br />Freedom of possessions, estates and finances<br />Rule of Poor Sisters 1253<br />(on death bed)<br />
    27. 27. Bonaventure 1217-1274<br />Theologian, mystic, superior in FO<br />Hermetic life <br />Contemplation<br />Intense love of Christ crucified<br />Christ the ladder of ascent in spiritual journey<br />
    28. 28. 14c Mysticism<br />Period of flourishing <br />Word- France<br />17c preoccupation with experience<br />19c psychology to separate from beliefs and practice<br />Increased due to 2 factors<br />Individual journeys with intellectual approach to theology<br />Increased interest in Pseudo-Dionysious<br />
    29. 29. Mystic writers<br />Eckhart 1260-1328<br />Henry Suso 1295-1366<br />John Ruusbroec 1293-1381<br />St Catherine of Siena 1374-1380<br />Julian of Norwich 1342-1417/20<br />
    30. 30. Devotional Spirituality in the Humanity of Christ<br />Feelings rather than ideas<br />1150-1450 increase in Devotions and devotional mentality and religious fervour<br />Religious Dramas<br />Devotional Manuals<br />Prayer books, Spiritual guidance<br />Art, icons on the streets<br />Eucharist Procession, Rosary, Christmas crib, Stations of the cross<br />
    31. 31. Spirituality & Eastern Christianity<br />Icons-direct communion with God<br />“way of images” music and liturgy<br />“Hesychia” stillness in a way of prayer to inner calm<br />St Catherine- Breath prayer Math 9:27<br />Gregory Palamas defence of prayer<br />Debate-was it possible to experience the imminent presence of God<br />Growing division East/West<br />
    32. 32. The Renaissance 1350-1450<br />Reintroduction to classical ancient roman<br />Art/science<br />Humanism<br />
    33. 33. The Grand Finale <br />
    34. 34. “It was the inability of the church institution to respond speedily or adequately enough on either a spiritual or a structural level to both the criticisms and fervour that made the final break-down of medieval Christianity irreversible”<br />Conclusion<br />
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