Rome: From Village to Empire<br />
c. 750 BCE: Latins (tribe) settle what becomes Rome<br />Accordingtomyth, Romulus and Remusfounded Rome<br />
Let’s Talk Topography and Geography<br /><ul><li> Peninsula
 Mountains
 Rivers</li></ul>Rome is west of Apennines Mts: more fertile land & river access<br />
              See Rome Expand!<br />
The early Romans were mostly…<br />        farmers<br />
GOVERNMENT AND Social Structure in the Republic<br />2 Consuls<br />                    (Rulers of Rome)<br />Senate<br />...
Plebeians: farmers, artisans, traders…could vote but not hold political office
Slaves: mostly prisoners of war… not citizens… They had no rights</li></li></ul><li>RomanReligion<br /><ul><li> Polytheist...
Absorbed gods of others…including the Greeks
 Lots of public festivals</li></li></ul><li>Roman Women<br /><ul><li> Educated just like boys
 Could NOT vote, but could testify in court
 Gained property rights
 More influence in family than Greek women</li></li></ul><li>Gradually, the Romans began to expand their control…<br />
…until they had conquered the entire Italian peninsula plus the islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily<br />
As they expanded their control…<br />…the Romans built an excellent network of roads<br />
Here’s how they built them:<br />
Their road system is one of the Romans’ greatest achievements<br />   Why do you think they built them?<br />
Right!<br />The Roman Road System<br /><ul><li> Allowed easy military transport
 Enabled trade and commerce
 Helped unify expanding Roman territories</li></li></ul><li>Back to Roman expansion…who do you think would be a likely riv...
Right again!<br />Carthage!!<br />
Between 264-146 BCE the Romans fought three wars with Carthage, known as the Punic Wars.<br />
Rome won… and went on to conquer the rest of the Mediterranean world.<br />
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Rome, From Village To Empire

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A view on how Rome became a great power in the Mediterranean Sea

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Rome, From Village To Empire

  1. 1. Rome: From Village to Empire<br />
  2. 2. c. 750 BCE: Latins (tribe) settle what becomes Rome<br />Accordingtomyth, Romulus and Remusfounded Rome<br />
  3. 3. Let’s Talk Topography and Geography<br /><ul><li> Peninsula
  4. 4. Mountains
  5. 5. Rivers</li></ul>Rome is west of Apennines Mts: more fertile land & river access<br />
  6. 6. See Rome Expand!<br />
  7. 7. The early Romans were mostly…<br /> farmers<br />
  8. 8. GOVERNMENT AND Social Structure in the Republic<br />2 Consuls<br /> (Rulers of Rome)<br />Senate<br /> (Representative body for patricians)<br />Tribal Assembly<br /> (Representative body for plebeians)<br /><ul><li>Patricians: wealthy landowners and office-holders
  9. 9. Plebeians: farmers, artisans, traders…could vote but not hold political office
  10. 10. Slaves: mostly prisoners of war… not citizens… They had no rights</li></li></ul><li>RomanReligion<br /><ul><li> Polytheistic: belief in more than one god
  11. 11. Absorbed gods of others…including the Greeks
  12. 12. Lots of public festivals</li></li></ul><li>Roman Women<br /><ul><li> Educated just like boys
  13. 13. Could NOT vote, but could testify in court
  14. 14. Gained property rights
  15. 15. More influence in family than Greek women</li></li></ul><li>Gradually, the Romans began to expand their control…<br />
  16. 16. …until they had conquered the entire Italian peninsula plus the islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily<br />
  17. 17. As they expanded their control…<br />…the Romans built an excellent network of roads<br />
  18. 18. Here’s how they built them:<br />
  19. 19. Their road system is one of the Romans’ greatest achievements<br /> Why do you think they built them?<br />
  20. 20. Right!<br />The Roman Road System<br /><ul><li> Allowed easy military transport
  21. 21. Enabled trade and commerce
  22. 22. Helped unify expanding Roman territories</li></li></ul><li>Back to Roman expansion…who do you think would be a likely rival for control of the Mediterranean Sea?<br />
  23. 23. Right again!<br />Carthage!!<br />
  24. 24. Between 264-146 BCE the Romans fought three wars with Carthage, known as the Punic Wars.<br />
  25. 25. Rome won… and went on to conquer the rest of the Mediterranean world.<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32. The period 27 BCE-180 AD (the last two maps) is known as the:<br />PAX ROMANA<br />
  33. 33. During this period:<br /><ul><li> Romans thought they were the entire civilized world
  34. 34. Rome enjoyed military dominance
  35. 35. The population of the city of Rome reached 1 million
  36. 36. Trade increased, bringing a wealth of resources into Rome
  37. 37. The arts flourished</li>

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