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Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
Rome, From Village To Empire
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Rome, From Village To Empire

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A view on how Rome became a great power in the Mediterranean Sea

A view on how Rome became a great power in the Mediterranean Sea

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  • 1. Rome: From Village to Empire<br />
  • 2. c. 750 BCE: Latins (tribe) settle what becomes Rome<br />Accordingtomyth, Romulus and Remusfounded Rome<br />
  • 3. Let’s Talk Topography and Geography<br /><ul><li> Peninsula
  • 4. Mountains
  • 5. Rivers</li></ul>Rome is west of Apennines Mts: more fertile land & river access<br />
  • 6. See Rome Expand!<br />
  • 7. The early Romans were mostly…<br /> farmers<br />
  • 8. GOVERNMENT AND Social Structure in the Republic<br />2 Consuls<br /> (Rulers of Rome)<br />Senate<br /> (Representative body for patricians)<br />Tribal Assembly<br /> (Representative body for plebeians)<br /><ul><li>Patricians: wealthy landowners and office-holders
  • 9. Plebeians: farmers, artisans, traders…could vote but not hold political office
  • 10. Slaves: mostly prisoners of war… not citizens… They had no rights</li></li></ul><li>RomanReligion<br /><ul><li> Polytheistic: belief in more than one god
  • 11. Absorbed gods of others…including the Greeks
  • 12. Lots of public festivals</li></li></ul><li>Roman Women<br /><ul><li> Educated just like boys
  • 13. Could NOT vote, but could testify in court
  • 14. Gained property rights
  • 15. More influence in family than Greek women</li></li></ul><li>Gradually, the Romans began to expand their control…<br />
  • 16. …until they had conquered the entire Italian peninsula plus the islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily<br />
  • 17. As they expanded their control…<br />…the Romans built an excellent network of roads<br />
  • 18. Here’s how they built them:<br />
  • 19. Their road system is one of the Romans’ greatest achievements<br /> Why do you think they built them?<br />
  • 20. Right!<br />The Roman Road System<br /><ul><li> Allowed easy military transport
  • 21. Enabled trade and commerce
  • 22. Helped unify expanding Roman territories</li></li></ul><li>Back to Roman expansion…who do you think would be a likely rival for control of the Mediterranean Sea?<br />
  • 23. Right again!<br />Carthage!!<br />
  • 24. Between 264-146 BCE the Romans fought three wars with Carthage, known as the Punic Wars.<br />
  • 25. Rome won… and went on to conquer the rest of the Mediterranean world.<br />
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32. The period 27 BCE-180 AD (the last two maps) is known as the:<br />PAX ROMANA<br />
  • 33. During this period:<br /><ul><li> Romans thought they were the entire civilized world
  • 34. Rome enjoyed military dominance
  • 35. The population of the city of Rome reached 1 million
  • 36. Trade increased, bringing a wealth of resources into Rome
  • 37. The arts flourished</li>

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