Classification of plants
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Classification of plants

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Classification of plants Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Classification of Plants
  • 2. Plant Kingdom Flowering Plants Non-flowering Plants
  • 3. Ferns Mosses Non - flowering Plants Do NOT produce flowers
  • 4. A plant can be divided into 3 parts
  • 5. Examples of Mosses
  • 6. Moss spores Spore-producing capsule
  • 7. Characteristics of Mosses ● No true roots, No vascular tissues (no transport) ● Simple stems & leaves ● Have rhizoids for anchorage ● Spores from capsules (wind-dispersal) ● Damp terrestrial land ● Simplest plants
  • 8. Fern
  • 9. Fern underground stem root A leaf (finely divided into small parts)
  • 10. spore-producing organs
  • 11. Characteristics of Ferns ● roots, feathery leaves & underground stems ● have vascular tissues (transport & support) ● Damp & shady places ● Spore-producing organ on the underside of leaves (reproduction)
  • 12.  2 groups Gymnosperms Angiosperms ●  roots, stems, leaves ●  vascular tissues (transport) ●  flowers, fruits (contain seeds) Flowering Plants
  • 13. Pine tree Gymnosperms
  • 14. needle-shaped leaves
  • 15. Male cones (in clusters) Female cones (scattered)
  • 16. Characteristics of Gymnosperms ● roots, woody stems ● needle-shaped leaves ● tall evergreen trees ● cones with reproductive structures ● dry places ● vascular tissues (transport) ● naked seeds in female cones.
  • 17. Angiosperms ● Highly developed ● Flowering Plants ● Seeds inside ovary 2 TYPES ● MONOCOTYLEDONS ● DICOTYLEDONS
  • 18. Monocotyledons Parallel veins
  • 19. Characteristics of Monocotyledons ●  one seed-leaf ● leaves have parallel veins ●  herbaceous plants ●  e.g. grass, maize
  • 20. Dicotyledons Veins in network
  • 21. Characteristics of Dicotyledons ●  two seed-leaves ●  leaves have veins in network ●  e.g. trees, sunflower, rose
  • 22. Plant Classification Non-flowering Plants Flowering Spore-bearing Naked seeds No roots with roots Mosses Ferns Gymnosperms 1 seed-leaf 2 seed-leaves Monocots Dicots Angiosperms