Many towns in Spain such as Denia, Alicante, Ampurias and Rosas were founded by Greeks.
Rich merchants had ships and sailed across the Mediterranean Sea. They sold wine or olive oil, and bought wood or copper.
They used silver coins called drachmas.
Greece was divided into city-states, each known as a polis.
Polis were cities surrounding a fort and the territory around them.
They wree absolutely independent and self-sufficient
Each polis was built around an acropolis, a fortified hill with the temple of the local god at the top.
At the foot of the acropolis was the agora, an open area used as a marketplace.
Athens: the first democracy.
The two main city-states were Sparta and Athens.
Athens, the richest and most influential polis, was a centre of intellectual and cultural development.
Athenian democracy was for free, male Athenians only.
“ Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people. We alone regard a man who takes no interest in public affairs not as harmless, but as a useless character.” Pericles Athens: the first democracy.
Sparta was an isolated city-state that was culturally and politically different from Athens.
Sparta was a government ruled by a few. They had 2 kings.
During the Peloponnesian War Sparta sacked Athens.
Alexander was king of Macedonia.
Alexander was a brilliant military strategist.
His favorite book was Homer ’ s Iliad
Alexander the Great
Alexander conquered the Persian empire and controlled the largest empire the world has ever seen.