Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece

  1. 1. Ancient Greece
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>Greece is a peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>in the Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Greece is a very </li></ul><ul><li>mountainous country. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the </li></ul><ul><li>mountains, Greek </li></ul><ul><li>communities </li></ul><ul><li>developed </li></ul><ul><li>independently, and </li></ul><ul><li>created different </li></ul><ul><li>city-states. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Greek expansion <ul><li>Between the 8th and the 6th centuries BC, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>went through a period of crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>The population increased and there were many </li></ul><ul><li>poor, hungry people. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Greeks </li></ul><ul><li>migrated and </li></ul><ul><li>founded </li></ul><ul><li>colonies </li></ul><ul><li>around the </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Sea. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Greek expansion <ul><li>Many towns in Spain such as Denia, Alicante, Ampurias and Rosas were founded by Greeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Rich merchants had ships and sailed across the Mediterranean Sea. They sold wine or olive oil, and bought wood or copper. </li></ul><ul><li>They used silver coins called drachmas. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Greece was divided into city-states, each known as a polis. </li></ul><ul><li>Polis were cities surrounding a fort and the territory around them. </li></ul><ul><li>They wree absolutely independent and self-sufficient </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Each polis was built around an acropolis, a fortified hill with the temple of the local god at the top. </li></ul><ul><li>At the foot of the acropolis was the agora, an open area used as a marketplace. </li></ul>Polis
  7. 7. Athens: the first democracy. <ul><li>The two main city-states were Sparta and Athens. </li></ul><ul><li>Athens, the richest and most influential polis, was a centre of intellectual and cultural development. </li></ul><ul><li>Athenian democracy was for free, male Athenians only. </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people. We alone regard a man who takes no interest in public affairs not as harmless, but as a useless character.” Pericles Athens: the first democracy.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Sparta was an isolated city-state that was culturally and politically different from Athens. </li></ul><ul><li>Sparta was a government ruled by a few. They had 2 kings. </li></ul><ul><li>During the Peloponnesian War Sparta sacked Athens. </li></ul>Sparta
  10. 10. <ul><li>Alexander was king of Macedonia. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander was a brilliant military strategist. </li></ul><ul><li>His favorite book was Homer ’ s Iliad </li></ul>Alexander the Great
  11. 11. Alexander conquered the Persian empire and controlled the largest empire the world has ever seen.

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