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dmrc

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  • “ENERGY EFFICIENT ROLLING STOCK” DMRC- A CASE STUDY ASSOCHAM Summit on Clean Development Mechanism And Carbon Trading In India 18th July 2008, Hotel Oberoi, New Delhi Oberoi,w w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m IN THIS PRESENTATION • ABOUT DMRC • ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MEASURES ADOPTED IN DMRC WORKS • DMRC CDM PROJECT • OTHER CDM OPPORTUNITIES IN DMRCw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 1
  • ABOUT DMRC • A Government Company jointly promoted by Government of India and Government of Delhi. • Incorporated in May 1995, under the name Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. (DMRC). • The two Governments have 50% shares each in this Corporation • Has the responsibility for construction and operation of Delhi Metrow w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m ADVANTAGES OF METRO SYSTEM • Has a carrying capacity as high as 60,000 – 80,000 phpdt (peak hour peak direction traffic). • Requires 1/5th energy per passenger km. compared to road – based system. • Causes no air pollution in the city and lesser noise levels • Occupies no road space if underground and only about 2 metre width of the road, along central median, if elevated.w w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 2
  • ADVANTAGES OF METRO SYSTEM • Carries same amount of traffic as 6 lanes of bus traffic or 26 lanes of private motor cars (each way) • Is more reliable, comfortable and safer than road based system • Reduces journey time by anything between 50% and 75% depending on road conditionsw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m ADVANTAGES OF RAIL BASED MRTS Global Warming: Rail Transport Contributes very little to GHG emission Mode of Transport % age contribution to CO2 emission Metro Rail 2.4 Road 86.1 Air 11.1 Water 0.4 *Source: UITP Publicationw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 3
  • ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES • SITE ENVIRONMENTAL PLAN FOR EACH CONTRACT • ISO14001EMS CERTIFICATION • INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL AUDITS • INDEPENDENT AND DEDICATED TEAM OF METRO OFFICERS TO ENSURE IMPLEMENTATIONw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m ENVIRONMENTAL PROCEDURES FOR i MANAGEMENT OF AIR AND DUST i MANAGEMENT OF NOISE AND VIBRATION i MANAGEMENT OF WATER AND WASTE WATER i MANAGEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION WASTEw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 4
  • ENVIRONMENTAL PROCEDURES FOR i HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT i SOIL AND LAND MANAGEMENT i HANDLING CHEMICALS AND TOXIC MATERIAL i LANDSCAPE AND AESTHETICS i TRAFFIC MANAGEMENTw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m HUMAN NATURE RESISTANCE CHANGE CURVE ACCEPTANCE SHOCK DENIAL BARGAINING ANGER DEPRESSIONw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 5
  • DMRC CDM PROJECT “INSTALLATION OF LOW GHG EMITTING ROLLING STOCK IN METRO SYSTEM”w w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m SIGNIFICANCE Date of Registration 29th December 2007 1st Railway Project Only the 2nd Transportation Project in the Worldw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 6
  • METHODOLOGY APPLICABLE TITLE: “ EMISSION REDUCTION BY LOW GHG EMITTING VEHICLES” UNFCCC REFERENCE: AMS IIICw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m CDM REQUIREMENTS QUALIFYING CRITERIA • PROJECT SHOULD LEAD TO GHG EMISSION REDUCTION • THE PROJECT SHOULD BE ADDITIONAL • IT SHOULD LEAD TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 7
  • SALIENT FEATURES • DMRC HAS ELECTRICAL DRIVEN MRTS WHICH USES STATE OF THE ART ROLLING STOCK ON ALL LINES • THREE LINES ARE IN OPERATION (65KM) IN PHASE-I • COACHES ARE EQUIPPED WITH 3 PHASE AC TRACTION MOTORS WITH REGENERATIVE BRAKING SYSTEMw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m SALIENT FEATURES THE TECHNOLOGY EMPLOYED IN DMRC IS DIFFERENT FROM THE PREVALENT SYSTEM ADOPTED BY THE OTHER METRO SYSTEM IN THE COUNTRY OTHERS USE CONVENTIONAL ELECTRO-DYNAMIC RHEOSTATIC BRAKING SYSTEM.w w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 8
  • BASIC PRINCIPLE 1. THE PROJECT ACTIVITY REPLACES CONVENTIONAL ELECTRO DYNAMIC RHEOSTATIC BRAKING TECHNOLOGY IN OTHER METROS WITH REGENERATIVE BRAKING TECHNOLOGYw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m BASIC PRINCIPLE 2. THIS TECHNOLOGY REGENERATES ELECTRICAL ENERGY DURING BRAKING (DECELARATING) OF ROLLING STOCK 3. CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM KE IS DISSIPATED AS HEAT 4. REG ENERGY USED BY OTHER TRAINS IN THE LINEw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 9
  • BASIC PRINCIPLE 5. THIS REDUCES THE ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF EQUIVALENT GRID ELECTRICAL ENERGY REQUIRED BY THE POWERING TRAINS THEREBY CONSERVING ELECTRICAL ENERGY AND GHG EMISSION REDUCTION 6. BASIC PRINCIPLE- KE CONVERTED TO PRINCIPLE- ELECTRICAL ENERGY & FED BACK TO THE SYSTEMS THROUGH VVVF DRIVE and CIw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m TRACTION MOTOR Terminal Box Motor Nose Air Inlet Speed Sensor Motor Drive End Motor Non Drive End Traction motor as mounted on Bogie and Axlew w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 10
  • PENTOGRAPH 25kv AC LINE Pentograph – No Operation state Pentograph – under operation statew w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m CONVERTOR INVERTOR (CI) 25 K V A C lin ew w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 11
  • PROJECT ADDITIONALITY INVESTMENT BARRIER TECHNOLOGICAL BARRIER BARRIER DUE TO PREVAILING PRACTICE OTHER BARRIERSw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL WELL BEING GENERATES IN-DIRECT EMPLOYMENT IN- TECHNOLOGICAL WELL-BEING ALIGNED WITH I’TNL TECHNOLOGY I’ ENVIRONMENTAL WELL-BEING REDUCES GHG (CO2) EMISSIONSw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 12
  • EMISSION REDUCTION Years Annual Estimation of emission reduction (in tonnes of CO2e) 2007-2008 2007- 37,007 2008-2009 2008- 39,698 2009-2010 2009- 39,698 2010-2011 2010- 39,698 2011-2012 2011- 39,698 2012-2013 2012- 39,698 2013-2014 2013- 39,698 2014-2015 2014- 39,698 2015-2016 2015- 39,698 2016-2017 2016- 39,698 Total estimated 394285 Reductions (tonnes of CO2e)w w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m THANK YOU - S A VERMAw w w. d e l h i m e t r o r a i l . c o m 13