Intro to Latin  Translating Verbs –   Latin to English                    (1stConjugation, Present/Imperfect/Future, Act  ...
Translating VerbsStem + Tense Sign + Personal Ending
Translating VerbsStem + Tense Sign + Personal EndingStem tells you the meaning of the wordVocabamus comes from voco=callLa...
Translating VerbsStem + Tense Sign + Personal EndingTense Sign tells the tense  – Present: no tense sign    • Is, are  – I...
Translating VerbsStem + Tense Sign + Personal EndingPersonal Endings tell  – Person    • 1st = I, we    • 2nd = you    • 3...
Personal Endings Chart                Singular         Plural1st Person -o or -m              -mus2nd Person -s           ...
ExamplesStem + Tense Sign + Personal EndingAmo, amare: lovestem=ama                        Present         Imperfect   Fut...
TranslationThe order of Stem/Tense/Ending is basicallyreversed from Latin to English.In English we say “I am walking” or “...
Laudabimus
Lauda   bi   mus
Lauda       bi      mus“praise”   future   1st Pl
Lauda       bi      mus“praise”   future   1st Pl  We will be praising
Ambulabant
Ambula   ba   nt
Ambula      ba         nt “walk”   imperfect   3rd Pl
Ambula      ba         nt “walk”   imperfect   3rd Pl   They were walking
Optas
Opta   s
Opta                   s“choose”   present   2nd Sg
Opta                   s“choose”   present   2nd Sg You (sg) are choosing
Vocabitis
Voca   bi   tis
Voca      bi       tis“call”   future   2nd Pl
Voca       bi       tis“call”   future    2nd Pl Y’all will be calling
Portat
Porta   t
Porta                 t“carry”   present   3rd Sg
Porta                 t“carry”   present   3rd Sg He/she/it is carrying
Spectabam
Specta   ba   m
Specta      ba         m“watch”   imperfect   1st Sg
Specta      ba         m“watch”   imperfect   1st Sg     I was watching
Amabo
Ama   b(i)   o
Ama      b(i)      o“love”   future   1st Sg
Ama       b(i)         o“love”    future   1st Sg    I will be loving
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Translate verbs

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practice translating from Latin to English
1st Conj Act Ind, Pres/Imp/Fut

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Translate verbs

  1. 1. Intro to Latin Translating Verbs – Latin to English (1stConjugation, Present/Imperfect/Future, Act ive Indicative)
  2. 2. Translating VerbsStem + Tense Sign + Personal Ending
  3. 3. Translating VerbsStem + Tense Sign + Personal EndingStem tells you the meaning of the wordVocabamus comes from voco=callLaudant comes from laudo=praiseNatabo comes from nato=swim
  4. 4. Translating VerbsStem + Tense Sign + Personal EndingTense Sign tells the tense – Present: no tense sign • Is, are – Imperfect (past): tense sign = ba • Was, were – Future: tense sign = bi (bo/bi/bu) • Will
  5. 5. Translating VerbsStem + Tense Sign + Personal EndingPersonal Endings tell – Person • 1st = I, we • 2nd = you • 3rd = he, she, it, they – Number • Singular • Plural
  6. 6. Personal Endings Chart Singular Plural1st Person -o or -m -mus2nd Person -s -tis3rd Person -t -ntMemory help for Singular endings: MOST (Latin is the most funclass!); or O for one, S for second, and T for third person
  7. 7. ExamplesStem + Tense Sign + Personal EndingAmo, amare: lovestem=ama Present Imperfect Future1st Person Sing Amo* Amabam Amabo**2nd Person Sing Amas Amabas Amabis3rd Person Sing Amat Amabat Amabit1st Person Plural Amamus Amabamus Amabimus2nd Person Plural Amatis Amabatis Amabitis3rd Person Plural Amant Amabant Amabunt****“a” disappears before final “o”**“i” disappears before final “o”***“i” changes to “u” before “nt”
  8. 8. TranslationThe order of Stem/Tense/Ending is basicallyreversed from Latin to English.In English we say “I am walking” or “You werepreparing” or “They will watch”. The personand number comes first, then the be verb thatindicates tense, then the definition.So when you are decoding a verb in Latin, theelements will go in the opposite order in English.
  9. 9. Laudabimus
  10. 10. Lauda bi mus
  11. 11. Lauda bi mus“praise” future 1st Pl
  12. 12. Lauda bi mus“praise” future 1st Pl We will be praising
  13. 13. Ambulabant
  14. 14. Ambula ba nt
  15. 15. Ambula ba nt “walk” imperfect 3rd Pl
  16. 16. Ambula ba nt “walk” imperfect 3rd Pl They were walking
  17. 17. Optas
  18. 18. Opta s
  19. 19. Opta s“choose” present 2nd Sg
  20. 20. Opta s“choose” present 2nd Sg You (sg) are choosing
  21. 21. Vocabitis
  22. 22. Voca bi tis
  23. 23. Voca bi tis“call” future 2nd Pl
  24. 24. Voca bi tis“call” future 2nd Pl Y’all will be calling
  25. 25. Portat
  26. 26. Porta t
  27. 27. Porta t“carry” present 3rd Sg
  28. 28. Porta t“carry” present 3rd Sg He/she/it is carrying
  29. 29. Spectabam
  30. 30. Specta ba m
  31. 31. Specta ba m“watch” imperfect 1st Sg
  32. 32. Specta ba m“watch” imperfect 1st Sg I was watching
  33. 33. Amabo
  34. 34. Ama b(i) o
  35. 35. Ama b(i) o“love” future 1st Sg
  36. 36. Ama b(i) o“love” future 1st Sg I will be loving

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