Latin I lesson 11

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Imperatives and Infinitives

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Latin I lesson 11

  1. 1. Latin 1 / Intro to Latin Infinitives and Imperatives
  2. 2. Infinitives – The Official Mumbo JumboA verb form• Not limited by a subject• Not fully inflected for tense, mood, number, gender, person• Can function somewhat as another part of speech
  3. 3. Infinitives – What You Need to Know“to” + definition of the verb
  4. 4. Infinitives in English• Nounish –To err is human, to forgive divine. –I love to swim. –She was asked to speak. –He wants to learn to cook.
  5. 5. Infinitives in English• Nounish• Adjectivish –We have work to do. –I don’t have time to waste.• Adverbish –She came over to talk.
  6. 6. Infinitives in LatinThe infinitive is the second principal part of the verb.laudō, laudāre, laudāvi, laudātus: praise laudāre = to praise
  7. 7. Definition 1st 2nd 3rd 4thwalk ambulō ambulāre ambulāvī ambulātuslove amō amāre amāvī amātusshout clāmō clāmāre clāmāvī clāmātuscrown corōnō corōnāre corōnāvī corōnātusgive dō dare dedī datuspraise laudō laudāre laudāvī laudātuschoose optō optāre optāvī optātusprepare parō parāre parāvī parātuscarry portō portāre portāvī portātusfight pūgnō pūgnāre pūgnāvī pūgnātuscall vocō vocāre vocāvī vocātus
  8. 8. • Errāre humanum est• Optō pugnāre• Amō ambulāre• Amās clamāre• Amat dare• Amāmus laudāre• Amātis portāre• Amant vocāre• Amābis natāre
  9. 9. Imperatives – The Official Mumbo JumboOne of three moods in Latin• Indicative – Reality: statement of facts• Subjunctive – Irreality: wish, possibility, opinion, etc• Imperative – Command or Order
  10. 10. Imperatives – What You Need to KnowCommand or Order
  11. 11. Imperatives in English• Come here.• Stop!• Drop and give me 20.• Have a nice day.• Please pass the peas.• Don’t forget to brush your teeth.
  12. 12. Imperatives in Latin Singular PluralPositive Verb stem Verb stem + “-te” ImperativeNegative “Nōlī” + “Nōlīte” + verb infinitive verb infinitive
  13. 13. Imperatives in Latin Singular Plural Verb stem Verb stem + “-te”Positive ambulā ambulāte Walk! Walk! (>1 person) Ambulō, ambul āre: walkNegative “Nōlī” + verb infinitive “Nōlīte” + verb infinitive Nōlī ambulāre Nōlīte ambulāre Don’t Walk! Don’t Walk! (>1 person)
  14. 14. Imperatives in Latin Singular Plural Verb stem Verb stem + “-te”Positive spectā spectāte Watch! Watch! (>1 person) Spectō, spectāre: watchNegative “Nōlī” + verb infinitive “Nōlīte” + verb infinitive Nōlī spectāre Nōlīte spectāre Don’t Watch! Don’t Watch! (>1 person)

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