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Latin I lesson 06 share

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review of 2nd declension, 1st/2nd adjectives, adjective/noun agreement, intro to prepositions

review of 2nd declension, 1st/2nd adjectives, adjective/noun agreement, intro to prepositions

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  • 1. Latin 1 / Intro to Latin
    A study of the Latin language and the history, culture, and geography of ancient Rome
  • 2. Imperfect Tense
    An action which was going on or was habitual in the past.
    He was loving, he used to love, he kept on loving
  • 3. Verb formation
    Latin verbs: stem + tense sign + personal ending
    Present tense: tense sign = stem + tense sign + personal ending
    Imperfect tense: tense sign = stem + tense sign + personal ending
    n/a
    +
    ba
    ba
  • 4. Verb formation – Imperfect
  • 5. Second Declension – Endings
    For neuter, Nominative = Accusative
  • 6. Second Declension – Declined
    servus, servī, M: servant, slave
  • 7. Second Declension – Declined
    verbum, verbī, N: word
  • 8. Endings for 1st & 2nd Declension Adjectives
  • 9. Adjective/Noun Agreement
    Adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in:
    Case
    Number
    Gender
  • 10. Adjective/Noun Agreement
    Little sons (nominative)
    Sons
    filius, filiī, M
    Nominative Plural Masculine
    fili + ī = filiī
    Small
    parvus, parva, parvum
    Nominative Plural Masculine
    parv + ī = parvī
    Parvīfiliī.
  • 11. Adjective/Noun Agreement
    Large temples (dative)
    Temples
    templum, templī, N
    Dative Plural Neuter
    templ + īs = templīs
    Large
    magnus, magna, magnum
    Dative Plural Neuter
    magn + īs = magnīs
    Magnīstemplīs.
  • 12. Adjective/Noun Agreement
    The teacher was praising the good girl.
    girl
    Case: Accusative
    Number: Singular
    Gender: Feminine
    puellam
    good
    Accusative, Singular, Feminine
    bonam
    bonampuellam
    Magister bonampuellamlaudabat.
  • 13. Adjective/Noun Agreement
    parvīfiliī, magnīstemplīs, bonampuellam
    The endings will often match, but not always. Make sure that Case, Number, & Gender match!
    good king (accusative singular): regembonum
    bold son (genitive singular): filiīaudacis
  • 14. Adjective/Noun Agreement
    The happy farmer praises the good sailors.
    happy farmer
    Nominative, Singular, Masculine
    agricolalaetus
    good sailors
    Accusative, Plural, Masculine
    bonōsnautās
    Agricola laetusbonōsnautāslaudat.
  • 15. Prepositions
    A preposition is a word that allows the word(s) following it to function as an adjective or adverb.
    The boy in the blue shirt won the prize.
    The girl skipped around the room.
    The scout helped the lady across the street.
    I need to do my homework before class starts.
    The scratch on your arm looks infected.
    He hid his dirty clothes under his bed.
  • 16. Prepositions
    About, above, across, after,
    Against, along, among, around,
    At, before, behind, below,
    Beneath, beside, between, beyond,
    But, by, down, during, for, from,
    And within and except.
    In, inside, into, like, near,
    Of, off, on, onto, and out,
    Outside, over, past, and through,
    To, toward, under, underneath,
    Until, up, upon, with, without.
  • 17. Prepositions
    In Latin, each preposition has an associated case.
    The words in the prepositional phrase will be in the preposition’s given case.
  • 18. Prepositions
    ante (with acc)
    post (with acc)
    in (with abl)
    sine (with abl)
    before, in front of
    after, behind
    in, on
    without
  • 19. Prepositions
    In the road
    in (with abl)
    via, viae, F
    in viā
  • 20. Prepositions
    In front of the small girls
    ante (with acc)
    puella, puellae, F
    parvus, parva, parvum
    ante puellāsparvās
  • 21. Prepositions
    In the road
    in (with abl)
    via, viae, F
    in viā
    The girls were walking in the road.
    Puellaeambulabant in viā.
  • 22. Prepositions
    In front of the small girls
    ante (with acc)
    puella, puellae, F
    parvus, parva, parvum
    ante puellāsparvās
    The teacher was standing in front of the small girls.
    • Magister stabatante puellāsparvās.
  • Numbers in Latin
  • 23. Original Roman Calendar – 10 months
    Martius
    Aprilis
    Maius
    Junius
    Quintilis
    Sextilis
    September
    October
    November
    December
    …and 60+ “unassigned” days in winter.
  • 24. Julian Calendar
    Then, Julius Caesar reformed the calendar:
    Martius
    Aprilis
    Maius
    Junius
    Quintilis
    Sextilis
    September
    October
    November
    December
    JanuariusFebruarius
    added Januarius and Februarius
    renamed a month after himself
    Julius
    thought he was as important as Julius Caesar
    Augustus
  • 25. Caesar was close – very close – but each year was 11 minutes too long.
    So, 1600 years later the Gregorian calendar was adopted. It removed leap days in years that were multiples of 100 but not 400.
    This is what we use today. 2000 was a leap year. 2100 will not be.
  • 26. Then Julius Caesar got himself killed, unwittingly setting the stage for William Shakespeare to perpetuate 2 great myths 1.6 millennia later:
    “Et tu, Brute”
    καὶ σὺ τέκνον (according to Suetonius)
    “Beware the Ides of March”
    Only the 15th in March, May, July & October
    13th for all other months
  • 27. The happy queen gives great gifts to the small sons of the good sailor.
  • 28. The happy queen gives great gifts to the small sons of the good sailor.
    The
    happy
    gives
    gifts
    great
    to the
    small
    of
    the
    good
    queen
    sons
    sailor
    Part of Speech
    Part of Speech
    Part of Speech
    Part of Speech
    Part of Speech
    Part of Speech
    Part of Speech
    Part of Speech
    Part of Speech
    Noun
    Adj
    Verb
    Noun
    Adj
    Noun
    Adj
    Noun
    Adj
    Vocab Word
    Vocab Word
    Vocab Word
    Vocab Word
    Vocab Word
    Vocab Word
    Vocab Word
    Vocab Word
    Vocab Word
    regina
    laetus
    do
    donum
    magnus
    filius
    parvus
    nauta
    bonus
    Number
    Noun it modifies
    Tense
    Number
    Noun it modifies
    Number
    Noun it modifies
    Number
    Noun it modifies
    Sing
    Queen
    Present
    Plural
    Gifts
    Plural
    Sons
    Sing
    Sailor
    Nom
    Nom Sg F
    3rd Sing
    Acc
    Acc Pl N
    Dat
    Dat Pl M
    Gen
    Gen Sg M
    Case
    Case, #, Gender
    Person & Number
    Case
    Case, #, Gender
    Case
    Case, #, Gender
    Case
    Case, #, Gender
    translation
    translation
    translation
    translation
    translation
    translation
    translation
    translation
    translation
    regina
    laeta
    dat
    magna
    dona
    filiīs
    parvīs
    bonī
    nautae
  • 29. The Latin Domus – House (City)

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