Latin 1 / Intro to Latin<br />A study of the Latin language and the history, culture, and geography of ancient Rome<br />
Imperfect Tense<br />An action which was going on or was habitual in the past.<br />He was loving, he used to love, he kep...
Verb formation<br />Latin verbs:  stem + tense sign + personal ending<br />Present tense: tense sign = stem + tense sign +...
Verb formation – Imperfect<br />
Second Declension – Endings<br />For neuter, Nominative = Accusative<br />
Second Declension – Declined<br />servus, servī, M:  servant, slave<br />
Second Declension – Declined<br />verbum, verbī, N:  word<br />
Endings for 1st & 2nd Declension Adjectives<br />
Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />Adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in:<br />Case<br />Number<br />Gender<br />
Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />Little sons (nominative)<br />Sons<br />filius, filiī, M<br />Nominative Plural Masculine<br...
Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />Large temples (dative)<br />Temples<br />templum, templī, N<br />Dative Plural Neuter<br />t...
Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />The teacher was praising the good girl.<br />girl<br />Case:  Accusative<br />Number:  Singu...
Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />parvīfiliī, magnīstemplīs, bonampuellam<br />The endings will often match, but not always.  ...
Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />The happy farmer praises the good sailors.<br />happy farmer<br />Nominative, Singular, Masc...
Prepositions<br />A preposition is a word that allows the word(s) following it to function as an adjective or adverb.<br /...
Prepositions<br />About, above, across, after,<br />Against, along, among, around,<br />At, before, behind, below, <br />B...
Prepositions<br />In Latin, each preposition has an associated case.<br />The words in the prepositional phrase will be in...
Prepositions<br />ante (with acc)<br />post (with acc)<br />in (with abl)<br />sine (with abl)<br />before, in front of<br...
Prepositions<br />In the road<br />in (with abl)<br />via, viae, F<br />in viā<br />
Prepositions<br />In front of the small girls<br />ante (with acc)<br />puella, puellae, F<br />parvus, parva, parvum<br /...
Prepositions<br />In the road<br />in (with abl)<br />via, viae, F<br />in viā<br />The girls were walking in the road.<br...
Prepositions<br />In front of the small girls<br />ante (with acc)<br />puella, puellae, F<br />parvus, parva, parvum<br /...
Original Roman Calendar – 10 months<br />Martius<br />Aprilis<br />Maius<br />Junius<br />Quintilis<br />Sextilis<br />Sep...
Julian Calendar<br />Then, Julius Caesar reformed the calendar:<br />Martius<br />Aprilis<br />Maius<br />Junius<br />Quin...
Caesar was close – very close – but each year was 11 minutes too long.<br />So, 1600 years later the Gregorian calendar wa...
Then Julius Caesar got himself killed, unwittingly setting the stage for William Shakespeare to perpetuate 2 great myths 1...
The happy queen gives great gifts to the small sons of the good sailor.<br />
The happy queen gives great gifts to the small sons of the good sailor.<br />The <br />happy<br />gives<br />gifts<br />gr...
The Latin Domus – House (City)<br />
Latin I lesson 06 share
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Latin I lesson 06 share

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review of 2nd declension, 1st/2nd adjectives, adjective/noun agreement, intro to prepositions

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Latin I lesson 06 share

  1. 1. Latin 1 / Intro to Latin<br />A study of the Latin language and the history, culture, and geography of ancient Rome<br />
  2. 2. Imperfect Tense<br />An action which was going on or was habitual in the past.<br />He was loving, he used to love, he kept on loving<br />
  3. 3. Verb formation<br />Latin verbs: stem + tense sign + personal ending<br />Present tense: tense sign = stem + tense sign + personal ending<br />Imperfect tense: tense sign = stem + tense sign + personal ending<br />n/a<br /> +<br />ba<br />ba<br />
  4. 4. Verb formation – Imperfect<br />
  5. 5. Second Declension – Endings<br />For neuter, Nominative = Accusative<br />
  6. 6. Second Declension – Declined<br />servus, servī, M: servant, slave<br />
  7. 7. Second Declension – Declined<br />verbum, verbī, N: word<br />
  8. 8. Endings for 1st & 2nd Declension Adjectives<br />
  9. 9. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />Adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in:<br />Case<br />Number<br />Gender<br />
  10. 10. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />Little sons (nominative)<br />Sons<br />filius, filiī, M<br />Nominative Plural Masculine<br />fili + ī = filiī<br />Small<br />parvus, parva, parvum<br />Nominative Plural Masculine<br />parv + ī = parvī<br />Parvīfiliī.<br />
  11. 11. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />Large temples (dative)<br />Temples<br />templum, templī, N<br />Dative Plural Neuter<br />templ + īs = templīs<br />Large<br />magnus, magna, magnum<br />Dative Plural Neuter<br />magn + īs = magnīs<br />Magnīstemplīs.<br />
  12. 12. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />The teacher was praising the good girl.<br />girl<br />Case: Accusative<br />Number: Singular<br />Gender: Feminine<br />puellam<br />good<br />Accusative, Singular, Feminine<br />bonam<br />bonampuellam<br />Magister bonampuellamlaudabat.<br />
  13. 13. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />parvīfiliī, magnīstemplīs, bonampuellam<br />The endings will often match, but not always. Make sure that Case, Number, & Gender match!<br />good king (accusative singular): regembonum<br />bold son (genitive singular): filiīaudacis<br />
  14. 14. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />The happy farmer praises the good sailors.<br />happy farmer<br />Nominative, Singular, Masculine<br />agricolalaetus<br />good sailors<br />Accusative, Plural, Masculine<br />bonōsnautās<br />Agricola laetusbonōsnautāslaudat.<br />
  15. 15. Prepositions<br />A preposition is a word that allows the word(s) following it to function as an adjective or adverb.<br />The boy in the blue shirt won the prize.<br />The girl skipped around the room.<br />The scout helped the lady across the street.<br />I need to do my homework before class starts.<br />The scratch on your arm looks infected.<br />He hid his dirty clothes under his bed.<br />
  16. 16. Prepositions<br />About, above, across, after,<br />Against, along, among, around,<br />At, before, behind, below, <br />Beneath, beside, between, beyond,<br />But, by, down, during, for, from,<br />And within and except.<br />In, inside, into, like, near,<br />Of, off, on, onto, and out,<br />Outside, over, past, and through,<br />To, toward, under, underneath,<br />Until, up, upon, with, without.<br />
  17. 17. Prepositions<br />In Latin, each preposition has an associated case.<br />The words in the prepositional phrase will be in the preposition’s given case.<br />
  18. 18. Prepositions<br />ante (with acc)<br />post (with acc)<br />in (with abl)<br />sine (with abl)<br />before, in front of<br />after, behind<br />in, on<br />without<br />
  19. 19. Prepositions<br />In the road<br />in (with abl)<br />via, viae, F<br />in viā<br />
  20. 20. Prepositions<br />In front of the small girls<br />ante (with acc)<br />puella, puellae, F<br />parvus, parva, parvum<br />ante puellāsparvās<br />
  21. 21. Prepositions<br />In the road<br />in (with abl)<br />via, viae, F<br />in viā<br />The girls were walking in the road.<br />Puellaeambulabant in viā.<br />
  22. 22. Prepositions<br />In front of the small girls<br />ante (with acc)<br />puella, puellae, F<br />parvus, parva, parvum<br />ante puellāsparvās<br />The teacher was standing in front of the small girls.<br /><ul><li>Magister stabatante puellāsparvās.</li></li></ul><li>Numbers in Latin<br />
  23. 23. Original Roman Calendar – 10 months<br />Martius<br />Aprilis<br />Maius<br />Junius<br />Quintilis<br />Sextilis<br />September<br />October<br />November<br />December<br />…and 60+ “unassigned” days in winter.<br />
  24. 24. Julian Calendar<br />Then, Julius Caesar reformed the calendar:<br />Martius<br />Aprilis<br />Maius<br />Junius<br />Quintilis<br />Sextilis<br />September<br />October<br />November<br />December<br />JanuariusFebruarius<br />added Januarius and Februarius<br />renamed a month after himself<br />Julius<br />thought he was as important as Julius Caesar<br />Augustus<br />
  25. 25. Caesar was close – very close – but each year was 11 minutes too long.<br />So, 1600 years later the Gregorian calendar was adopted. It removed leap days in years that were multiples of 100 but not 400.<br />This is what we use today. 2000 was a leap year. 2100 will not be.<br />
  26. 26. Then Julius Caesar got himself killed, unwittingly setting the stage for William Shakespeare to perpetuate 2 great myths 1.6 millennia later:<br />“Et tu, Brute”<br />καὶ σὺ τέκνον (according to Suetonius)<br />“Beware the Ides of March”<br />Only the 15th in March, May, July & October<br />13th for all other months<br />
  27. 27. The happy queen gives great gifts to the small sons of the good sailor.<br />
  28. 28. The happy queen gives great gifts to the small sons of the good sailor.<br />The <br />happy<br />gives<br />gifts<br />great<br />to the <br />small<br />of<br />the <br />good<br />queen<br />sons<br />sailor<br />Part of Speech<br />Part of Speech<br />Part of Speech<br />Part of Speech<br />Part of Speech<br />Part of Speech<br />Part of Speech<br />Part of Speech<br />Part of Speech<br />Noun<br />Adj<br />Verb<br />Noun<br />Adj<br />Noun<br />Adj<br />Noun<br />Adj<br />Vocab Word<br />Vocab Word<br />Vocab Word<br />Vocab Word<br />Vocab Word<br />Vocab Word<br />Vocab Word<br />Vocab Word<br />Vocab Word<br />regina<br />laetus<br />do<br />donum<br />magnus<br />filius<br />parvus<br />nauta<br />bonus<br />Number<br />Noun it modifies<br />Tense<br />Number<br />Noun it modifies<br />Number<br />Noun it modifies<br />Number<br />Noun it modifies<br />Sing<br />Queen<br />Present<br />Plural<br />Gifts<br />Plural<br />Sons<br />Sing<br />Sailor<br />Nom<br />Nom Sg F <br />3rd Sing<br />Acc<br />Acc Pl N <br />Dat<br />Dat Pl M<br />Gen<br />Gen Sg M<br />Case<br />Case, #, Gender<br />Person & Number<br />Case<br />Case, #, Gender<br />Case<br /> Case, #, Gender<br />Case<br /> Case, #, Gender<br />translation<br />translation<br />translation<br />translation<br />translation<br />translation<br />translation<br />translation<br />translation<br />regina<br />laeta<br />dat<br />magna<br />dona<br />filiīs<br />parvīs<br />bonī<br />nautae<br />
  29. 29. The Latin Domus – House (City)<br />
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