Adjective/Noun Agreement Adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in: Case Number Gender
Adjective/Noun Agreement Little sons (nominative) Sons filius, filiī, M Nominative Plural Masculine fili + ī = filiī Small parvus, parva, parvum Nominative Plural Masculine parv + ī = parvī Parvīfiliī.
Adjective/Noun Agreement Large temples (dative) Temples templum, templī, N Dative Plural Neuter templ + īs = templīs Large magnus, magna, magnum Dative Plural Neuter magn + īs = magnīs Magnīstemplīs.
Adjective/Noun Agreement The teacher was praising the good girl. girl Case: Accusative Number: Singular Gender: Feminine puellam good Accusative, Singular, Feminine bonam bonampuellam Magister bonampuellamlaudabat.
Adjective/Noun Agreement parvīfiliī, magnīstemplīs, bonampuellam The endings will often match, but not always. Make sure that Case, Number, & Gender match! good king (accusative singular): regembonum bold son (genitive singular): filiīaudacis
Adjective/Noun Agreement The happy farmer praises the good sailors. happy farmer Nominative, Singular, Masculine agricolalaetus good sailors Accusative, Plural, Masculine bonōsnautās Agricola laetusbonōsnautāslaudat.
Prepositions A preposition is a word that allows the word(s) following it to function as an adjective or adverb. The boy in the blue shirt won the prize. The girl skipped around the room. The scout helped the lady across the street. I need to do my homework before class starts. The scratch on your arm looks infected. He hid his dirty clothes under his bed.
Prepositions About, above, across, after, Against, along, among, around, At, before, behind, below, Beneath, beside, between, beyond, But, by, down, during, for, from, And within and except. In, inside, into, like, near, Of, off, on, onto, and out, Outside, over, past, and through, To, toward, under, underneath, Until, up, upon, with, without.
Prepositions In Latin, each preposition has an associated case. The words in the prepositional phrase will be in the preposition’s given case.
Prepositions ante (with acc) post (with acc) in (with abl) sine (with abl) before, in front of after, behind in, on without
Prepositions In the road in (with abl) via, viae, F in viā
Prepositions In front of the small girls ante (with acc) puella, puellae, F parvus, parva, parvum ante puellāsparvās
Prepositions In the road in (with abl) via, viae, F in viā The girls were walking in the road. Puellaeambulabant in viā.
Prepositions In front of the small girls ante (with acc) puella, puellae, F parvus, parva, parvum ante puellāsparvās The teacher was standing in front of the small girls.
Magister stabatante puellāsparvās.
Numbers in Latin
Original Roman Calendar – 10 months Martius Aprilis Maius Junius Quintilis Sextilis September October November December …and 60+ “unassigned” days in winter.
Julian Calendar Then, Julius Caesar reformed the calendar: Martius Aprilis Maius Junius Quintilis Sextilis September October November December JanuariusFebruarius added Januarius and Februarius renamed a month after himself Julius thought he was as important as Julius Caesar Augustus
Caesar was close – very close – but each year was 11 minutes too long. So, 1600 years later the Gregorian calendar was adopted. It removed leap days in years that were multiples of 100 but not 400. This is what we use today. 2000 was a leap year. 2100 will not be.
Then Julius Caesar got himself killed, unwittingly setting the stage for William Shakespeare to perpetuate 2 great myths 1.6 millennia later: “Et tu, Brute” καὶ σὺ τέκνον (according to Suetonius) “Beware the Ides of March” Only the 15th in March, May, July & October 13th for all other months
The happy queen gives great gifts to the small sons of the good sailor.
The happy queen gives great gifts to the small sons of the good sailor. The happy gives gifts great to the small of the good queen sons sailor Part of Speech Part of Speech Part of Speech Part of Speech Part of Speech Part of Speech Part of Speech Part of Speech Part of Speech Noun Adj Verb Noun Adj Noun Adj Noun Adj Vocab Word Vocab Word Vocab Word Vocab Word Vocab Word Vocab Word Vocab Word Vocab Word Vocab Word regina laetus do donum magnus filius parvus nauta bonus Number Noun it modifies Tense Number Noun it modifies Number Noun it modifies Number Noun it modifies Sing Queen Present Plural Gifts Plural Sons Sing Sailor Nom Nom Sg F 3rd Sing Acc Acc Pl N Dat Dat Pl M Gen Gen Sg M Case Case, #, Gender Person & Number Case Case, #, Gender Case Case, #, Gender Case Case, #, Gender translation translation translation translation translation translation translation translation translation regina laeta dat magna dona filiīs parvīs bonī nautae