Latin I lesson 04 share

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Continued review of case usage, first declension, and personal verb endings; be verbs in English and Latin; new vocab

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Latin I lesson 04 share

  1. 1. Latin I / Intro to Latin<br />A study of the Latin language and the history, culture, and geography of ancient Rome<br />
  2. 2. Conversational Latin<br />Salve: Greetings! Hi! (to one person)<br />Salvete: Greetings! Hey y’all! (plural)<br />Vale: Farewell! Goodbye! (to one person)<br />Valete: Farewell! Bye y’all! (plural)<br />
  3. 3. Give the plural of…<br />antenna<br />larva<br />formula<br />amoeba<br />nebula<br />vertebra<br />alga<br />
  4. 4. Give the plural of…<br />antenna<br />larva<br />formula<br />amoeba<br />nebula<br />vertebra<br />alga<br />antennae<br />larvae<br />formulae<br />amoebae<br />nebulae<br />vertebrae<br />algae<br />
  5. 5. First Declension Endings<br />Singular<br />Nom<br />Gen<br />Dat<br />Acc<br />Abl<br />Plural<br /><ul><li>ae
  6. 6. ārum
  7. 7. īs
  8. 8. ās
  9. 9. īs</li></ul>- a<br />- ae<br /><ul><li>ae
  10. 10. am</li></ul>- ā<br />Nom<br />Gen<br />Dat<br />Acc<br />Abl<br />
  11. 11. Decline “girl”<br />
  12. 12. Decline “farmer”<br />
  13. 13. Decline “daughter”<br />
  14. 14. Verbs – Personal Endings<br />Singular<br />1st<br />2nd<br />3rd<br />Plural<br />- mus<br />- tis<br />- nt<br />1st<br />2nd<br />3rd<br />- ō<br />- s<br />- t<br />or - m<br />
  15. 15. Conjugate “call”<br />
  16. 16. Conjugate “love”<br />
  17. 17. Conjugate “give”<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. The boy poked his mother’s eye with his finger.<br />Nom<br />Gen<br />Dat<br />Acc<br />Abl<br />
  20. 20. The boy poked his mother’s eye with his finger.<br />Nom<br />Gen<br />Acc<br />Abl<br />
  21. 21. I donated money to the firefighters’ fund by means of a check.<br />Nom<br />Gen<br />Dat<br />Acc<br />Abl<br />
  22. 22. Dat<br />Gen<br />I donated money to the firefighters’ fund by means of a check.<br />Nom<br />Acc<br />Abl<br />
  23. 23. With a megaphone, the band’s director called instructions to the band.<br />Nom<br />Gen<br />Dat<br />Acc<br />Abl<br />
  24. 24. Abl<br />Nom<br />Gen<br />Dat<br />With a megaphone, the band’s director called instructions to the band.<br />Acc<br />
  25. 25. FEATHER CHALLENGE<br />Use “feather” or “feathers” in 5 English sentences so you have one sentence to illustrate each case. Give the correct Latin form of feather for each sentence.<br />
  26. 26. The mask’s feathers tickled my nose.<br />Nominative Plural<br />pinnae<br />Case & Number:<br />Latin word:<br />
  27. 27. Quills were popular pens because the hollow shaft of the feather acted as an ink reservoir.<br />Genitive Singular<br />pinnae<br />Case & Number:<br />Latin word:<br />
  28. 28. The worker applied soap to the bird’s feathers to remove the oil.<br />Dative Plural<br />pinnīs<br />Case & Number:<br />Latin word:<br />
  29. 29. The man collected feathers for his headdress.<br />Accusative Plural<br />pinnās<br />Case & Number:<br />Latin word:<br />
  30. 30. The girl tickled the boy with a feather.<br />Ablative Singular<br />pinnā<br />Case & Number:<br />Latin word:<br />
  31. 31. Be Verbs<br />The verb “To be” is said to be the most protean word of the English language, constantly changing form, sometimes without much of a discernible pattern.<br />
  32. 32. What does PROTEAN mean?<br />Proteus was a Greek god of the sea. Like the sea, he could change his form – a lion, a serpent, a tree, running water. <br />
  33. 33. What does PROTEAN mean?<br />When Aristaeus needed an answer from Proteus, he had to grab him and hold on to him no matter what form he took. Eventually, Proteus got tired and gave him the answer he needed.<br />
  34. 34. Ummm…so what does it mean?<br />protean: able to change frequently or easily; versatile<br />So the verb “to be” changes frequently, it is hard to get hold of.<br />
  35. 35. To Be – Present Tense<br />I am<br />You are<br />He/she/it is<br />We are<br />You (pl) are<br />They are<br />
  36. 36. To Be – Past Tense<br />I was<br />You were<br />He/she/it was<br />We were<br />You (pl) were<br />They were<br />
  37. 37. sum, esse: to be<br />I am: sum<br />You are: es<br />He/she/it is: est<br />We are: sumus<br />You (pl) are: estis<br />They are: sunt<br />
  38. 38. Be Verb vs Personal Endings<br />Singular<br />1st<br />2nd<br />3rd<br />Plural<br />- mus<br />- tis<br />- nt<br />1st<br />2nd<br />3rd<br />- ō<br />- s<br />- t<br />or- m <br />sum<br />es<br />est<br />sumus<br />estis<br />sunt<br />
  39. 39. To Be<br />In English, be verbs can be used as “helpers” to another verb, in passive constructions, or stand alone as a verb.<br />
  40. 40. To Be – Helping Verb<br />She paints a picture.<br />no be verb<br />She is painting a picture.<br />
  41. 41. To Be – Helping Verb<br />He punched the boy.<br />no be verb<br />He was punching the boy.<br />
  42. 42. To Be – Helping Verb<br />There is no “helping” be verb in Latin. The subtlety of difference in meaning is conveyed in their use of 6 tenses.<br />
  43. 43. To Be – Passive Verbs<br />The boy kicked the ball.<br />active verb – subject performs the verb action<br />The ball was kicked by the boy.<br />passive verb – subject receives the verb action<br />
  44. 44. To Be – Passive Verbs<br />The girl cut the yarn.<br />active verb – subject performs the verb action<br />The yarn was cut by the girl.<br />passive verb – subject receives the verb action<br />
  45. 45. To Be – Passive Verbs<br />There is no be verb in passive constructions in Latin. Instead, personal endings on the action verb are changed to indicate the passive translation.<br />
  46. 46. To Be – Stand Alone<br />I am your teacher.<br />The boys are happy.<br />The girl is beautiful.<br />Our vacation was fantastic!<br />Hector is not here this morning.<br />
  47. 47. To Be – Stand Alone<br />No action is being performed – the be verb just links the subject and the predicate.<br />You do use be verbs for this reason in Latin!<br />
  48. 48. Which of the following sentences would use sum, esse?<br />I am talking to you.<br />You are my friend.<br />She was hit by a foul ball.<br />She is an accountant.<br />The baby was having a temper tantrum.<br />The farmer is not a poet.<br />I was helped by a passing motorist.<br />
  49. 49. Which of the following sentences would use sum, esse?<br />I am talking to you.<br />You are my friend.<br />She was hit by a foul ball.<br />She is an accountant.<br />The baby was having a temper tantrum.<br />The farmer is not a poet.<br />I was helped by a passing motorist.<br />
  50. 50. New Vocab<br />aqua, aquae, F:<br />Ītalia, Ītaliae, F:<br />lavō, lavāre, lāvī, lautus:<br />natō (1):<br />patria, patriae, F:<br />Rōma, Rōmae, F:<br />servō (1):<br />stō, stāre, stetī, status:<br />terra, terrae, F:<br />toga, togae, F:<br />via, viae, F:<br />vīta, vītae, F:<br />Water<br />Italy<br />Wash<br />Swim<br />Country<br />Rome<br />Preserve, save guard<br />Stand<br />Land, earth<br />Toga<br />Way, road<br />Life<br />
  51. 51. Translate these sentences with be verbs.<br />I am a poet.<br />You are a farmer.<br />The sailor’s daughter is not a sailor.<br />We are scribes.<br />You are (female) servants.<br />The women are servants.<br />The servant and the queen are women.<br />
  52. 52. Translate these sentences with be verbs.<br />I am a poet.<br />You are a farmer.<br />The sailor’s daughter is not a sailor.<br />We are scribes.<br />You are (female) servants.<br />The women are servants.<br />The servant and the queen are women.<br />Sum poeta.<br />Es agricola.<br />Fīlianautae non estnauta.<br />Sumusscribae.<br />Estisservae.<br />Fēminaesuntservae.<br />Serva et rēgīnasuntfēminae.<br />

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