Latin I Lesson 03

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Review Week - Translation Practice
First Declension - 5 cases
First Conjugation - Present Active Indicative

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Latin I Lesson 03

  1. 1. Latin I /Intro to Latin<br />A study of the Latin language and the history, culture and geography of Ancient Rome<br />
  2. 2. The daughter kicks the ball to the boy.<br />Coach’s daughter kicks the ball to the cute boy.<br />
  3. 3. Coach’s daughter kicks the ball to the cute boy<br /> with (by means of) her foot.<br />
  4. 4. Coach’s daughter kicks the ball to the cute boy<br />with (by means of) her foot.<br />NOM<br />GEN<br />DAT<br />ACC<br />ABL<br />
  5. 5. Procedure for Translations - Nouns<br />English to Latin<br />Function in sentence<br />Case and Number<br />Vocabulary word<br />Stem<br />Case ending<br />Latin word<br />Latin to English<br />Vocabulary word<br />Stem<br />Case ending<br />Case and number<br />Function in sentence<br />English word<br />
  6. 6. Procedure for Translations - Verbs<br />English to Latin<br />Person & Number (and tense and voice…)<br />Vocabulary word<br />Stem<br />Personal ending<br />Latin word<br />Latin to English<br />Vocabulary word<br />Stem<br />Personal ending<br />Person & Number (and tense and voice…)<br />English word<br />
  7. 7. Putting it all together<br />Note the possible case/number of each noun. <br />Note the person and number of the verb(s).<br />Determine if the verb has a subject.<br />Fit in the rest of the nouns.<br />
  8. 8. Homework Review<br />
  9. 9. Genitive plural of family<br />familia, familiae, F: family<br />Stem = famili<br />famili + ārum = familiārum<br />
  10. 10. Ablative singular of dinner<br />Cena, cenae, F<br />Stem = cen<br />Cen + ā = cenā<br />
  11. 11. 1st Person Singular of love<br />Amō, amāre, amāvī, amātus: to love<br />Stem = amā<br />Amā + ō = amō<br />
  12. 12. 2nd person plural of call<br />Vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus: to call<br />Stem = vocā<br />Vocā + tis = vocātis<br />
  13. 13. She is walking<br />3rd person singular, present active indicative<br />Ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus (1): to walk<br />Stem = ambulā<br />Ambulā + t = ambulat<br />
  14. 14. The sailor loves the queen.<br />Sailor<br />Subject<br />Nominative singular<br />Nauta, nautae, M: sailor<br />Nauta<br />Queen<br />Direct object<br />Accusative singular<br />Regina, reginae, F: queen<br />Reginam<br />Loves<br />3rd person singular, present active indicative<br />Amō, amāre, amāvī, amātus (1): to love<br />Stem = amā<br />Amā + t = amat<br />Nautareginamamat.<br />
  15. 15. Portant<br />Portō, portāre,portāvī, portātus (1): to carry<br />Stem = portā<br />Personal ending = nt<br />3rd person singular, present active indicative<br />They are carrying. (They carry.)<br />
  16. 16. Feminavocat<br />Femina<br />Femina, feminae, F: woman<br />Stem = femin<br />Case ending = a<br />Nominative Singular<br />Function: Subject or Predicative Nominative<br />Vocat<br />Vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus: to call<br />Stem = vocā<br />Personal ending = t<br />3rd person singular ending<br />The woman calls<br />
  17. 17. Feminaevocant<br />Feminae<br />Femina, feminae, F: woman<br />Stem = femin<br />Case ending = ae<br />Genitive Singular, Dative Singular, or Nominative Plural<br />Function: Possession/Indirect Object/Subject or Predicative Nominative<br />Vocant<br />Vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus: to call<br />Stem = vocā<br />Personal ending = nt<br />3rd person plural ending<br />The women call.<br />(or possibly: They call to the woman.)<br />
  18. 18. Femināsvocat<br />Feminās<br />Femina, feminae, F: woman<br />Stem = femin<br />Case ending = ās<br />Accusative Plural<br />Function: Direct Object<br />Vocat<br />Vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus: to call<br />Stem = vocā<br />Personal ending = t<br />3rd person singular ending<br />He calls the women.<br />
  19. 19. Magistrapuellāsoptat.<br />The teacher chooses the girls.<br />
  20. 20. We do not love the queen.<br />Reginam non amamus.<br />
  21. 21. The girl and the female teacher praise the queen.<br />Puella et magistrareginamlaudant.<br />
  22. 22. The queen’s daughter calls a servant.<br />Filiareginaeservamvocat.<br />
  23. 23. The poet gives the girl roses.<br />Poetapuellaerosās dat.<br />
  24. 24. The sailors fight with feathers.<br />Nautaepinnīspugnant.<br />
  25. 25. An inhabitant gives the crown to the queen.<br />Incolareginaecoronam dat.<br />
  26. 26. The island’s inhabitants crown the queen.<br />Incolaeinsulaereginamcoronant.<br />
  27. 27. Filiaeagricolārum ambulant sedregina non ambulat.<br />The daughters of the farmer walk but the queen does not walk.<br />
  28. 28. Discipulāsmagistralaudat et feminaeamantmagistram.<br />The teacher praises the students and the woman love the teacher.<br />
  29. 29. Servareginaecenamflammāparat.<br />The servant of the queen prepares dinner with a flame.<br />or<br />The servant prepares dinner for the queen by means of a flame.<br />

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