Latin I Lesson 02 (public)

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1st declension case endings; personal endings for verbs; more 1st Decl and 1st Conj vocabulary; translation practice

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Latin I Lesson 02 (public)

  1. 1. Latin I /Intro to Latin<br />A study of the Latin language and the history, culture and geography of Ancient Rome<br />
  2. 2. Noun Endings<br />Noun endings vary to indicate:<br />Number – singular or plural<br />Case – function in the sentence.<br />The pattern of endings is determined by:<br />Gender – Masculine, Feminine, Neuter<br />Declension – 1st through 5th<br />
  3. 3. Noun Stem<br />The stem of a noun is the word without its case ending. <br />puell / a(stem) (nominative singular ending)<br />puell / ae(stem) (genitive singular ending)<br />
  4. 4. Cases<br />Nominative – subject and predicative nominative <br />Genitive – possession <br />Dative – indirect object<br />Accusative – direct object (also with some prepositions) <br />Ablative – from/with/in or by (with or without prepositions)<br />LATER<br />LATER<br />
  5. 5. Genitive – possession (English)<br />The daughter of the queen calls a servant.<br />The queen’s daughter calls a servant.<br />Nom<br />Gen<br />Acc<br />Gen<br />Acc<br />Nom<br />
  6. 6. Dative – Indirect Object (English)<br />The poet gives roses to the girl.<br />The poet gives the girl roses.<br />Nom<br />Acc<br />Dat<br />Dat<br />Nom<br />Acc<br />
  7. 7. Ablative – Means or Instrument (English)<br />The sailors fight by means of feathers.<br />The sailors fight with feathers.<br />Nom<br />Abl<br />Abl<br />Nom<br />
  8. 8. 1stDecl Endings<br />
  9. 9. Puella Declined<br />puella, puellae, F, girl Stem = puell<br />
  10. 10. AAAACKKKK!!!!!!!!<br />Some of these endings are the exact same!<br />
  11. 11. How do I know which Case & Number it is?<br />What are these words?<br />bow<br />read<br />wind<br />fish<br />CONTEXT<br />
  12. 12. Verbs Change to Reflect the Following:<br />Person<br />Number<br />Tense<br />Voice<br />Mood<br />1st (I, we), 2nd (you), 3rd (he, she, it, they)<br />Singular or plural<br />For now think present, past, and future<br />Active: Subject performs the verb action. (The girl kicks the ball.)<br />Passive: Subject receives the verb action. (The ball is kicked by the girl.)<br />Worry about this later. 95% of first year Latin is Indicative mood.<br />
  13. 13. VERBS<br />There are 4 conjugations (families) of verbs in Latin. Each has its own pattern of indicators for Person, Number, Tense, Voice, and Mood.<br />
  14. 14. Verbs<br />Four principal parts of a verb<br />
  15. 15. Verbs<br />For vocabulary you must memorize the four principal parts and the meaning.<br />First conjugation nouns end in –ō<br />for the first principal part and –āre for the second principal part.<br />Most first conjugation verbs are regular, so you only need to memorize the first two principal parts if the last two follow the pattern.<br />
  16. 16. Verbs<br />The stem of a verb is the infinitive with the –re dropped.<br />vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus (1):to call<br />vocā / re(stem)<br />(Note: This is the present stem and is used for the first 3 tenses. When we get to the other tenses, we’ll talk about the other stem.)<br />
  17. 17. Verbs<br />Endings for 1st Conjugation Verbs<br />***The final “a” disappears!<br />
  18. 18. Verbs<br />Present Active Indicative of vocō, vocāre, vocāvi, vocātus: to call<br />
  19. 19. Verbs<br />There does not have to be a subject to agree with the verb. It can be assumed.<br />Vocat.<br /> He is calling. <br />(or she or it; use context if possible to figure it out)<br />However, there can be a subject. In that case, the subject and verb must agree in number.<br />Puellavocat. <br /> The girl is calling.<br />Puellaevocant. <br /> The girls are calling.<br />
  20. 20. Vocabulary Review<br />discipula, discipulae, F<br />femina, feminae, F<br />filia, filiae, F<br />magistra, magistrae, F<br />puella, puellae, F<br />regina, reginae, F<br />serva, servae, F<br />female student<br />woman<br />daughter<br />female teacher<br />girl<br />queen<br />female servant/ slave<br />
  21. 21. More Vocab Review <br />ambulō (1)<br />amō (1)<br />laudō (1)<br />portō (1)<br />vocō (1)<br />et<br />non<br />sed<br />walk<br />love<br />praise<br />carry<br />call<br />and<br />not<br />but<br />
  22. 22. New Vocabulary<br />agricola, agricolae, M<br />incola, incolae, M/F<br />nauta, nautae, M<br />poeta, poetae, M<br />scriba, scribae, M<br />farmer<br />inhabitant<br />sailor<br />poet<br />scribe <br />
  23. 23. New Vocabulary<br />cena, cenae, F<br />corōna, corōnae, F<br />familia, familiae, F<br />flamma, flammae, F<br />insula, insulae, F<br />pinna, pinnae, F(or penna)<br />dinner<br />crown<br />family<br />flame<br />island<br />feather<br />
  24. 24. New Vocabulary<br />clamō (1)<br />coronō (1)<br />dō, dare, dedī, datus (1)<br />optō (1)<br />parō (1)<br />pugnō (1)<br />shout<br />crown<br />give<br />choose<br />prepare<br />fight<br />Irregular!<br />
  25. 25. Genitive – possession (Latin)<br />The daughter of the queen calls a servant.<br />The queen’s daughter calls a servant.<br />Nom<br />Gen<br />Acc<br />reginae<br />vocat<br />Gen<br />Acc<br />Nom<br />reginae<br />
  26. 26. Dative – Indirect Object (Latin)<br />The poet gives a gift to the girl.<br />The poet gives the girl a gift.<br />Nom<br />Acc<br />Dat<br />puellae<br />dat<br />Dat<br />Nom<br />Acc<br />puellae<br />
  27. 27. Ablative – Means or Instrument (Latin)<br />The sailors fight by means of feathers.<br />The sailors fight with feathers.<br />Nom<br />Abl<br />pinnīs<br />pugnant<br />Abl<br />Nom<br />pinnīs<br />
  28. 28. Translation Practice<br />An inhabitant gives the crown to the queen.<br />incoladōcorōnaregina<br />Incoladatcoronamreginae.<br />The island’s inhabitants crown the queen.<br />insulaincolacorōnōregina<br />Incolaeinsulaecoronantreginam.<br />

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