Latin I Lesson 02 (public)
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1st declension case endings; personal endings for verbs; more 1st Decl and 1st Conj vocabulary; translation practice

1st declension case endings; personal endings for verbs; more 1st Decl and 1st Conj vocabulary; translation practice

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Latin I Lesson 02 (public) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Latin I /Intro to Latin
    A study of the Latin language and the history, culture and geography of Ancient Rome
  • 2. Noun Endings
    Noun endings vary to indicate:
    Number – singular or plural
    Case – function in the sentence.
    The pattern of endings is determined by:
    Gender – Masculine, Feminine, Neuter
    Declension – 1st through 5th
  • 3. Noun Stem
    The stem of a noun is the word without its case ending.
    puell / a(stem) (nominative singular ending)
    puell / ae(stem) (genitive singular ending)
  • 4. Cases
    Nominative – subject and predicative nominative
    Genitive – possession
    Dative – indirect object
    Accusative – direct object (also with some prepositions)
    Ablative – from/with/in or by (with or without prepositions)
    LATER
    LATER
  • 5. Genitive – possession (English)
    The daughter of the queen calls a servant.
    The queen’s daughter calls a servant.
    Nom
    Gen
    Acc
    Gen
    Acc
    Nom
  • 6. Dative – Indirect Object (English)
    The poet gives roses to the girl.
    The poet gives the girl roses.
    Nom
    Acc
    Dat
    Dat
    Nom
    Acc
  • 7. Ablative – Means or Instrument (English)
    The sailors fight by means of feathers.
    The sailors fight with feathers.
    Nom
    Abl
    Abl
    Nom
  • 8. 1stDecl Endings
  • 9. Puella Declined
    puella, puellae, F, girl Stem = puell
  • 10. AAAACKKKK!!!!!!!!
    Some of these endings are the exact same!
  • 11. How do I know which Case & Number it is?
    What are these words?
    bow
    read
    wind
    fish
    CONTEXT
  • 12. Verbs Change to Reflect the Following:
    Person
    Number
    Tense
    Voice
    Mood
    1st (I, we), 2nd (you), 3rd (he, she, it, they)
    Singular or plural
    For now think present, past, and future
    Active: Subject performs the verb action. (The girl kicks the ball.)
    Passive: Subject receives the verb action. (The ball is kicked by the girl.)
    Worry about this later. 95% of first year Latin is Indicative mood.
  • 13. VERBS
    There are 4 conjugations (families) of verbs in Latin. Each has its own pattern of indicators for Person, Number, Tense, Voice, and Mood.
  • 14. Verbs
    Four principal parts of a verb
  • 15. Verbs
    For vocabulary you must memorize the four principal parts and the meaning.
    First conjugation nouns end in –ō
    for the first principal part and –āre for the second principal part.
    Most first conjugation verbs are regular, so you only need to memorize the first two principal parts if the last two follow the pattern.
  • 16. Verbs
    The stem of a verb is the infinitive with the –re dropped.
    vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus (1):to call
    vocā / re(stem)
    (Note: This is the present stem and is used for the first 3 tenses. When we get to the other tenses, we’ll talk about the other stem.)
  • 17. Verbs
    Endings for 1st Conjugation Verbs
    ***The final “a” disappears!
  • 18. Verbs
    Present Active Indicative of vocō, vocāre, vocāvi, vocātus: to call
  • 19. Verbs
    There does not have to be a subject to agree with the verb. It can be assumed.
    Vocat.
    He is calling.
    (or she or it; use context if possible to figure it out)
    However, there can be a subject. In that case, the subject and verb must agree in number.
    Puellavocat.
    The girl is calling.
    Puellaevocant.
    The girls are calling.
  • 20. Vocabulary Review
    discipula, discipulae, F
    femina, feminae, F
    filia, filiae, F
    magistra, magistrae, F
    puella, puellae, F
    regina, reginae, F
    serva, servae, F
    female student
    woman
    daughter
    female teacher
    girl
    queen
    female servant/ slave
  • 21. More Vocab Review 
    ambulō (1)
    amō (1)
    laudō (1)
    portō (1)
    vocō (1)
    et
    non
    sed
    walk
    love
    praise
    carry
    call
    and
    not
    but
  • 22. New Vocabulary
    agricola, agricolae, M
    incola, incolae, M/F
    nauta, nautae, M
    poeta, poetae, M
    scriba, scribae, M
    farmer
    inhabitant
    sailor
    poet
    scribe
  • 23. New Vocabulary
    cena, cenae, F
    corōna, corōnae, F
    familia, familiae, F
    flamma, flammae, F
    insula, insulae, F
    pinna, pinnae, F(or penna)
    dinner
    crown
    family
    flame
    island
    feather
  • 24. New Vocabulary
    clamō (1)
    coronō (1)
    dō, dare, dedī, datus (1)
    optō (1)
    parō (1)
    pugnō (1)
    shout
    crown
    give
    choose
    prepare
    fight
    Irregular!
  • 25. Genitive – possession (Latin)
    The daughter of the queen calls a servant.
    The queen’s daughter calls a servant.
    Nom
    Gen
    Acc
    reginae
    vocat
    Gen
    Acc
    Nom
    reginae
  • 26. Dative – Indirect Object (Latin)
    The poet gives a gift to the girl.
    The poet gives the girl a gift.
    Nom
    Acc
    Dat
    puellae
    dat
    Dat
    Nom
    Acc
    puellae
  • 27. Ablative – Means or Instrument (Latin)
    The sailors fight by means of feathers.
    The sailors fight with feathers.
    Nom
    Abl
    pinnīs
    pugnant
    Abl
    Nom
    pinnīs
  • 28. Translation Practice
    An inhabitant gives the crown to the queen.
    incoladōcorōnaregina
    Incoladatcoronamreginae.
    The island’s inhabitants crown the queen.
    insulaincolacorōnōregina
    Incolaeinsulaecoronantreginam.