atlantic region (south america)

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brazil, argentina and uruguay

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atlantic region (south america)

  1. 1. COUNTRY LAND AREA POPULATION BRAZIL 8,514,876.599 km2 201,032,714 ARGENTINA 2,780,400 km² 40,117,096 URUGUAY 176,215 km² 3,286,314
  2. 2. Government: Presidential system, Federal republic Capital: Brasília Dialing code : 55 Currency: Brazilian real Official language: Portuguese Language
  3. 3. RELATIVE LOCATION
  4. 4. Physical Geography The Big Idea The physical geography of Atlantic South America includes large river systems, plains and plateaus, and the Amazon rain forest. Main Ideas • Physical features of Atlantic South America include large rivers, plateaus, and savanna. • The rain forest is a major source of natural resources. • The Economic activities.
  5. 5. Major River Systems Amazon River • Second largest river • Flows eastward across northern Brazil through Peru to Atlantic Ocean • 4,000 miles long • Carries more water than any other river: 20 percent of Earth’s surface water
  6. 6. -BOTO -BLACK CAIMAN
  7. 7. Río de la Plata • Paraná River flows into Río de la Plata and the Atlantic Ocean. • Paraná River drains central part of South America. • Río de la Plata is an estuary, or a partially enclosed body of water where freshwater mixes with salty sea water.
  8. 8. • Plateau in central Brazil occupying most of the state of Mato Grosso
  9. 9. Role of Savanna in Brazil CERRADO • the most biologically rich grassland in the world • More than 100,000 species of plants are found in this 200-million- hectare territory • Covers about 25% of Brazil
  10. 10. Role of Savanna in Brazil
  11. 11. Main Idea 2: The rain forest is a major source of natural resources. • Amazon rain forest provides food, wood, rubber, plants for medicines, and other products. • Near coastal areas, the land supports commercial farming. • Planting the same crop every year has caused soil exhaustion, which means the soil is infertile because it has lost nutrients needed by plants.
  12. 12. Main Idea 3: The Economic activities. AGRICULTURE coffee lumbering cotton MINERALS iron manganese
  13. 13. Brazil’s society reflects a mix of people and cultures. • More than half of people are descended from Portugal, Spain, Germany, Italy, or Poland. • Nearly 40 percent are of mixed African and European descent.
  14. 14. • Brazilians celebrate Carnival before Lent. • Carnival mixes African, native, and European traditions. • Cultural mix can be found in foods: vatapá, an African seafood dish, and feijoada, a black bean and meat stew. Festivals and Food Brazil
  15. 15. The Northeast • Brazil’s poorest region • Illiteracy and health care are a problem. • Droughts make farming and raising livestock difficult. • Region’s beautiful beaches attract tourists. • Old colonial cities also attract tourists. • These were built during the days of the sugar industry. • They feature brightly painted buildings, cobblestone streets, and churches.
  16. 16. The Interior and the Amazon The Interior • The interior is a frontier. • Mild climate and land may make it good for farming . • Brasilia, Brazil’s capital – More than 2 million people – Built to help develop interior – Modern buildings and busy highways The Amazon • Manaus – Major port and industrial city – More than 1 million people • Indian villages are scattered throughout the rain forest. • Indians had little contact with outsiders until recently. • Logging, mining, and new roads are bringing more people. • This development brings income, but destroys the rain forest.
  17. 17. PEOPLE IN AMAZON RAINFOREST
  18. 18. Capital: Buenos Aires Dialing code: 54 Currency: Argentine peso Official language: Spanish Language Government: Democracy, Presidential system, Federal republic,
  19. 19. Argentina and Uruguay The Big Idea Argentina and Uruguay have been influenced by European immigration, a tradition of ranching, and large urban populations. Main Ideas • European immigrants have dominated the history and culture of Argentina. • Argentina’s capital, Buenos Aires, plays a large role in the country’s government and economy today.
  20. 20. Main idea 1 European immigrants have dominated the history and culture of Argentina. The Basque and Irish controlled sheep rearing • the province of Buenos Aires had a stock of 52m sheep. It can provide the excellent demand for wool and meat
  21. 21. The Germans and Italians established farms Sugarcane fields and mill, Tucumán Province Vineyard in Salta Province
  22. 22. Main Idea 2: Argentina’s capital, Buenos Aires, plays a large role in the country’s government and economy today. Buenos Aires • Capital • Second largest urban area in South America • Home to most of Argentina’s industry
  23. 23. Highest point: Mt. Aconcagua Argentina 22,834 ft. ( 6,960m )
  24. 24. Lowest Point: Valdes Peninsula Argentina 131 ft. ( 40m ) below sea level
  25. 25. Pampas • Most developed agricultural region • About 11 percent of labor force works in agriculture. • Exports: beef, wheat, and corn
  26. 26. home of the 'Gaucho' Double Collared Seedeater Greater Rhea
  27. 27. People and Culture • Most of Argentina’s 39 million people are descended from European settlers. • Argentine Indians and mestizos make up 3 percent of the population. • Most people are Roman Catholic. • Beef, a major agricultural export, is also part of the culture.
  28. 28. Gaucho National Day Festival
  29. 29. Capital: Montevideo Dialing code: 598 President: José Mujica Population: 3.395 million (2012) World Bank Official language: Spanish Language Government: Unitary state, Presidential system, Constitutional republic
  30. 30. Río de la Plata • Paraná River flows into Río de la Plata and the Atlantic Ocean. • Paraná River drains central part of South America. • Río de la Plata is an estuary, or a partially enclosed body of water where freshwater mixes with salty sea water.
  31. 31. technology

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