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the third , 1188-92, proclaimed by Pope Gregory VIII in the wake of the catastrophe of the second crusade, which conducted by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, King Philip Augustus of France and King Richard "Coeur-de-Lion" of England;
4 th crusade
the fourth , during which Constantinople was sacked, 1202-1204 (see also fourth crusade );
5 th crusade
the fifth , which included the conquest of Damietta, 1217-1221;
6 th crusade
the sixth , in which Frederick II took part (1228-29); also Thibaud de Champagne and Richard of Cornwall (1239);
7 th crusade
the seventh , led by St. Louis (Louis IX of France), 1248-50;
Crusades ( The Catholic Encyclopedia ) The Crusades were expeditions undertaken to deliver the Holy Places from Moslem control. The origin of the word may be traced to the cross made of cloth and worn as a badge on the outer garment of the crusaders.